Planet Bohra

May 14, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

May 06, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

बोम्बे हाई कोर्ट केस के अखबार, १३ अप्रैल २०१८

अल दाई अल अजल सैयदना ताहेर फखरुद्दीन (त.उ.श.) की ज़बानी बोम्बे हाई कोर्ट में १३ वी अप्रैल २०१८ के रोज़ दोपहर के वक़्त दुबारा शुरू हुई. सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने दावत के केस नं. ३३७/२०१४ में वादी की हैसियत से गवाही दी. नामदार जस्टिस गौतम पटेल के कोर्ट में ज़बानी शुरू हुई.

कुल मिलाकर दो सत्रों में शेह्ज़दा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन (प्रतिवादी) के वकील सीनियर काउन्सिल मोहतरम इकबाल चागला ने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से ३० सवाल पूछे. साल २०१५ में केस में ज़बानी शुरू हुई और सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन (री.अ.) से ५४४ सवाल पूछे गए, और सैयदना फखरुद्दीन की ज़बानी शुरू हुई तब से आप को ७६३ सवाल पूछे गए है. सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन और सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से कुल मिलाकर अब तक १३०७ सवाल पूछे गए है.

इकबाल चागला ने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन को कुरआन मजीद में से कुछ आयतें दिखाई और पूछा कि क्या इन आयतों में यह बताया गया है कि वसीयत (वसीयतनामा) के लिया मर्दों में से २ शाहिदों (साक्षी) की ज़रुरत है? सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने फरमाया कि ऐसा नहीं है. यहाँ दुनियावी वसीयत करने के बारे में बताया गया है और ऐसी वसीयत करने के १ या २ वैध तरीके बताए गए है. इकबाल चागला ने फिर पुछा कि ऐसी कौन सी वसीयत है जो दुनियावी नहीं होती? सैयदना ने फरमाया कि नस्स (एक दाई का अपने जानशीन को काइम करना) भी एक तरह की वसीयत है लेकिन वह सिर्फ दुनियावी उमूर के लिए नहीं होती.

इकबाल चागला ने सैयदना से पुछा कि क्या वसीयत का मतलब “विल” (वारिस नामा) है? सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने जवाब फरमाया कि यह  “वसीयत” के लफ्ज़ की प्रचलित माना है. किसी को नसीहत करना, सलाह देना कि इस तरह बर्ताव करना चाहिय, इस तरह अमल करना चाहिए, या किसी को आदेश देना, इसे भी वसीयत कहा जा सकता है.

फिर सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से यह सवाल किया गया कि क्या नस्स दाउदी बोहरा कौम के मज़हबी सिद्धांतों के अनुसार एक वसीयत है?  सैयदना ने फरमाया कि हाँ, और आपने यह स्पष्ट किया कि वह वसीयत जो नस्स है, वह दुनियावी वसीयत से कई पहलुओं में अलग है.

इकबाल चागला ने सैयदना को किताब मुख्तसरुल आसार (जो सैयदनल काज़ी अल-नोमान ने लिखी है जो इमाम मोइज़ के असरे मैमून में काज़िल कुज़ात थे (चीफ जस्टिस) और जिनका दावत के हुदूद में ऊँचा दर्जा था) में से एक लेख बताया और पुछा कि क्या वसीयत बिना शाहिद के की जा सकती है? सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने फ़रमाया कि हाँ, की जा सकती है. आपने यह भी फरमाया कि सैयदनल काज़ी अल-नोमान दूसरें किताब में फरमाते है कि यदि तुम्हें कोई दूसरा शाहिद (निष्पक्ष गवाह) न मिलें तो भी वसीयत करो क्योंकि रसुलुल्लाह ने फरमाया है.

इकबाल चागला ने सैयदना को आपकी याचिका (प्लेंट) और एफिडेविट ऑफ एविडेंस दिखाई और पूछा कि क्या आपकी गवाही कि ७ वे दाई (सैयदना अहमद बिन अल-मुबारक री.अ.) ने आपके माज़ून ८ वे दाई (सैयदना हुसैन बिन अली री.अ.) पर खानगी तौर से नस्स की और यह नस्स का कोई भी बाहरी शाहिद नहीं था, सैयदना ताहेर सैफुद्दीन (री.अ.) ने लिखी अरबी इबारत “फमा अशहदा अल-शोहदाअ ज़ाहेरन वमा नस्स अलैहे ज़ाहेरन” पर आधारित है, जो इबारत सैयदना ताहेर सैफुद्दीन (री.अ.) की १३६३ ही. की रिसालत शरीफा “मशरबतो तस्नीमे नूर” में है? सैयदना ने फरमाया कि हाँ, और आपने यह भी फरमाया कि इसके अलावा यह गवाही ५२ वे दाई सैयदना मोहम्मद बुरहानुद्दीन के एक बयान के अनुसार भी है, जो आपने १० वी फ़रवरी २००५ के दिन आपकी वाअज़ में फरमाया था, कि ८ वे दाई ने यह शहादत दी कि आपके ऊपर ७ वे दाई ने नस्स की है और जबकी इस नस्स का कोई शाहिद नहीं था, आपकी (८ वे दाई की) शहादत काफी थी.

नामदार जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने आइन्दा सैयदना के क्रोस एक्जामिनेशन के लिए ५ दिन मुक़र्रर किए है. २० और २१ वी जून और ३,४,५ वी जुलाई २०१८ की तारीखें दी है.

by admin at May 06, 2018 06:30 AM

April 29, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

كورٹ كيس نا اخبار –١٣ ايپريل ٢٠١٨

الداعي الاجل سيدنا طاهر فخر الدين طع ني زباني بمبئي هاي كورٹ ما  ١٣ مي ايپريل ٢٠١٨ دوپهير ني وقت دوباره شروع تهئي، سيدنا فخر الدين دعوة نا كيس نمبر ٣٣٧\٢٠١٤ ما پلينتيف ني حيثية سي گواهي آپي، نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل نا كورٹ ما زباني تهئي،

جملے  ٢ سيشن ما ديفيندنٹ شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين  نا سينير كاؤنسل محترم اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا فخرالدين نے ٣٠ سؤال پوچها، ٢٠١٥ ما كيس ما زباني شروع تهئي انے سيدنا قطب الدين نے جملے ٥٤٤ سؤال پوچهايا، انے سيدنا فخر الدين ني زباني شروع تهئي تيوارسي كه همنا تك ٧٦٣ سؤال پوچهايا چهے، جملے سيدنا قطب الدين انے سيدنا فخر الدين نے همنا تك ١٣٠٧ سؤال آج تك پوچها چهے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا فخر الدين نے قران مجيد ما سي بعض آيتو بتاوي انے پوچهو كه سوں آ آيتو ايم كهے چهے كه وصية (will –  وراثة نامه) نا واسطے مردو ما سي ٢ شاهد ني ضرورة چهے؟، سيدنا فخر الدين يه فرمايو كه ايم نتهي، آ تو دنيوي وصية وَرْلدْلِي وِيل (worldly will)  كروا واسطے ١ يا ٢ رسته بتايا چهے ، اقبال چاگلا يه پچهي سؤال كيدو كه بيجي كئي قسم ني وصية چهے كه جه دنيوي وصية (وَرْلدْلِي وِيل) نتهي، سيدنا يه فرمايو كه نص (أيك داعي اهنا جانشين منصوص نے قائم كرے)  يه بهي ايك قسم ني وصية چهے، پن يه فقط دنيوي أمور (دنيا پرتي چيزو) واسطے نتهي،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے پوچهو كه سوں “وصية” ني معنىٰ “وِيل” (وراثة نامه) چهے؟ سيدنا فخرالدين يه جواب ديدو كه يه “وصية” نا لفظ ني ايك رائج معنىٰ چهے، وصية ني معنىٰ ايم بهي چهے كه كوئي نے نصيحة كرے يا سكهامن آپے ادوايس، كاؤنسلadvice, counsel) ) كه آ مثل ورتاؤ كرؤ جوئے يا عمل كرؤ جوئے، كوئي انستركشن  (instruction) آپے اهنے بهي وصية كهي سكائي چهے،

سيدنا فخر الدين طع نے پچهي ايم سؤال پوچهو كه سوں داؤدي بهره قوم نا مذهب نا مطابق نص ايك وصية چهے، سيدنا يه فرمايو كه هاں، انے ايم زيادة واضح كيدو كه وه وصية كه جه نص چهے ته دنيوي وصية سي گهنا پِهلو ما الگ چهے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے مختصر الآثار ما سي ايك حصة بتايو، (يه كتاب سيدنا القاضي النعمان يه لكها چهے جه سيدنا القاضي النعمان معز امام نا قاضي القضاة هتا)، بتاوي نے سيدنا نے سؤال كيدو كه سوں وصية بيكويست (   (bequest  شاهدو بغير تهئي سكے، سيدنا فخر الدين طع يه فرمايو كه هاں تهئي سكے، انے ايم زيادة فرمايو كه سيدنا القاضي النعمان بيسرا كتاب ما ايم فرماوے چهے كه اگر تمنے كوئي بيجا شاهد  آؤتسايد ويتنسoutside witness) ) نه ملے توبهي وصية كرے كيمكه رسول الله صلع يه  فرمايو چهے،

اقبال چاگلا يه پچهي سيدنا نے آپنو پلينت (plaint) انے آفيداويت اوف اويدينس (affidavit of evidence) بتاوي نے پوچهو كه سوں آپنو ايم كهؤ چهے كه ساتما داعي (سيدنا احمد بن المبارك رض) يه آپنا ماذون آتهما داعي (سيدنا حسين بن علي رض) پر خانگي ما نص كيدي، انے يه نص ما كوئي بيجا شاهد نوتا (آؤتسايد ويتنس)، يه سگلو آپنو كهؤ سيدنا طاهر سيف الدين رض نا آ عربي جملة پر سي چهے، “فما اشهد الشهداء ظاهرا وما نص عليه ظاهرا”، كه جه جملة سيدنا طاهر سيف الدين رض ني ١٣٦٣هـ ني رسالة شريفة “مشربة تسنيم نور” ما چهے؟ سيدنا يه جواب فرمايو كه هاں، سيدنا طاهر سيف الدين رسالة ما فرماوے چهے انے ايج مثل باونما داعي سيدنا محمد برهان الدين رض يه ١٠ فيبرواري ٢٠٠٥(February 2005 10) آپني وعظ ما ايم فرمايو كه آتهما داعي يه ايم شهادة ديدي كه آپنا اوپر ساتما داعي يه نص كيدي چهے، انے جيوارے كه بيجا كوئي شاهد نوتا، آپني خُود ني شهادة، يعني آتهما داعي ني شهادة كفاية هتي،

نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه عائنده سيدنا فخرالدين طع ني گواهي كروس اگزامينيشن (cross examination) نا واسطے پانچ دن نكي كيدا چهے، ٢٠ مي انے ٢١ مي جون انے ٣جي، ٤تهي انے ٥مي جولاي ٢٠١٨ تاريخ آپي چهے (20, 21 June and 3,4,5 July 2018)،

by admin at April 29, 2018 07:45 AM

April 17, 2018

Qutbi Jubilee Scholarship Program

Taqreeb Conference 2017 – Ideas of Harmonious Coexistence

The 2nd Taqreeb conference entitled Ideas of Harmonious Coexistence: Religions and Philosophies of India took place at Jawaharlal Nehru University, December 27-28 2017.  (Click here to watch this video which summarizes the events “Glimpse of the Taqreeb Conference.”) Taqreeb was a vision of Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin: to bring people of all faiths together, to work towards common humanitarian goals, […]

by admin at April 17, 2018 07:45 PM

April 16, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court Declaratory Suit 13th April 2018

The recording of evidence of His Holiness Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb (TUS), the Plaintiff in Suit 337/2014, which had been originally filed by his predecessor His Holiness the Late Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin Saheb RA (the Original Plaintiff) in the Hon’ble Bombay High Court, continued on 13th April in Courtroom No. 37 of the Hon’ble Bombay High Court, presided over by the Hon’ble Justice Gautam Patel.

 

Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb was asked 30 questions over two sessions of cross-examination by Mr. Iqbal Chagla, Senior Counsel for the defendant Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin. Since 2015 when the cross-examination began, Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb was asked a total of 544 questions, and Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb has so far been asked 763 questions, a cumulative total of 1,307 questions between the Original Plaintiff and the Plaintiff to date.

 

Mr. Chagla showed Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb an extract from the Quran and asked Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb whether that extract of the Quran says that a Will is required to be witnessed by two men.  Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb disagreed and replied that it speaks of the making of a worldly Will and the one or two ways in which this may be legitimately done. Mr. Chagla then asked Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb what a Will is that is not “worldly”. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb replied that nass of succession is also a type of Will but it does not pertain only to worldly matters.

 

Mr. Chagla asked Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb whether ‘wasiyyah’ means a Will. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb responded that it is one of its prominent meanings and that it can also mean an advice or counsel that a person should act in a certain way or do a certain thing, and that even an instruction or advisory can take the form of a ‘wasiyyah’.

 

Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb was asked whether he agreed that per the tenets of the Dawoodi Bohra faith, nass is equated to a ‘wasiyyah’. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb replied that he agreed, and further clarified that a wasiyyah that is a nass of succession is different in many ways from a wasiyyah that is a worldly will.

 

Mr. Chagla showed an extract from Muktasar al Asaar (by Syedna al-Qadi al-Numan, chief Qadi in the time of Imam Muizz in Fatimid Cairo, and high ranking Dawat dignitary at the time) to Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb and asked whether he maintains that a bequest can be validly made without witnesses. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb replied yes, and added that the same author (Syedna al-Qadi al-Numan) has also said elsewhere that if you do not find an outside witness, then you should still proceed to make the bequest because the Prophet has said so.

 

Mr. Chagla showed Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb his Plaint and Affidavit of Evidence. He then asked whether his testimony that the 7th Dai (Syedna Ahmed ibn Mubarak RA) conferred a nass of succession on his Mazoon (Syedna Husain ibn Ali RA) to succeed him as the 8th Dai and did so in private without any outside or other witnesses present was based on the Arabic sentence “fa-ma ashhada al shohadaa zaaheran wa-ma nassa alayhi zaaheran” from Syedna Taher Saifuddin RA’s Risalat Mashrabat Tasneem Nur (1363AH). Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb responded yes, and that it is also based on a sermon by the 52nd Dai on 10th February 2005 in which he said that the 8th Dai testified to the nass conferred on him by the 7th Dai. Since there were no other witnesses, his (the 8th Dai, Syedna Husain ibn Ali RA’s) own testimony was sufficient.

 

The Hon’ble Justice Gautam Patel has scheduled the further cross-examination of Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb for five further days on 20th and 21st June, and on 3rd, 4th, and 5th July 2018.

by admin at April 16, 2018 12:00 PM

April 11, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

April 05, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

बोम्बे हाई कोर्ट केस के अखबार, २१ और २२ मार्च, २०१८

अल दाई अल अजल सैयदना ताहेर फखरुद्दीन त.उ.श. की ज़बानी बोम्बे हाई कोर्ट में २१ वी मार्च २०१८ के रोज़ दोपहर को दोबारा शुरू हुइ। सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने दावत के केस नं ३३७/२०१४ में वादी की हैसियत से गवाही दी। नामदार जस्टिस गौतम पटेल के कोर्ट में ज़बानी हुइ।

कुल मिलाकर चार सत्रों में शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्द्ल सैफुद्दीन (प्रतिवादी) के वकील सीनियर काउन्सिल मोहतरम इक़बाल चागलाने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से ७८ सवाल पूछे। सन २०१५ में केस में ज़बानी शुरू हुइ और सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन रि.अ. से ५४४ सवाल पूछे गए, और सैयदना फखरुद्दीन की ज़बानी शुरू हुइ तब से आप को ७३३ सवाल पूछे गए है । सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन और सैयदना फखरुद्दीन को कुल मिलाकर अब तक १२७७ सवाल  पूछे गए है ।

इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन को एक हस्तलिखित किताब बताई। सैयदना ने फरमाया कि आप इस किताब से वाकिफ़ नहीं है। इक़बाल चागला के कहने पर सैयदना ने उस किताब में से बताए गए कुछ अंश पढ़े। फिर आप से सवाल पूछा गया कि क्या इस किताब में यह लिखा गया है कि २५ व़े दाई सैयदना जलाल रि.अ. ने २६ व़े दाई सैयदना दाउद बिन अजबशाह पर नस्स दावत के लोगो (people of Dawat)दरमियाँ फरमाई? सैयदना ने फरमाया कि हां, इस किताब में वैसा लिखा गया है, सैयदना ने उस किताब में से फिर आगे पढ़ कर और यह फरमाया कि इस किताब में यह बात गलत लिखी गई है कि दावत के लोगो ने २६ व़े दाई को दावत सोंपी। आप ने आगे खुलासा फरमाया कि दावत के लोगो को यह हक्क नहीं है कि दावत मनसूस को सौंपे, सैयदना हमीदुद्दीन किरमानी रि.अ. (हाकिम इमाम के बाब उल अबवाब) ने यह फरमाया है कि चाहे तमाम आलम के लोग यह शहादत दे कि यही वारिस है, मगर इस शहादत की कोई एहेम्मियेत या गिनती नहीं जब तक इमाम या दाई ने नस्स न फरमाई हो। इस वजह से इमाम या दाई ही अपने मनसूस को दावत सौंपते है।

इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से सवाल पूछा कि क्या आप के पास कोई लिखित सुबूत है कि २७ व़े दाई सैयदना दाउद बिन कुतुबशाह हक्क पर थे इस बात की सब से एहेम दलील यह थी कि आप २६ व़े दाई के माजून थे? जवाब में सैयदना ने फरमाया कि हाँ, सैयेदी हसन बिन इदरीस के किताब “अल बुरहान उल जलीयाह” में यह लिखा गया है।

इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से पूछा कि जिस ख़त में (सिजिल्ल उल बिशारत) २० व़े इमाम ने २१ व़े इमाम को काइम करने की खबर दी उस ख़त के मौलातुना हुररत उल मलेका शाहिद थे। सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने फरमाया कि आप शाहिद नहीं थी। फिर इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना द्वारा कोर्ट में दर्ज की गई एफिडेविट ऑफ़ एविडेंसAffidavit of Evidence) में से यह जुमले सैयदना को दिखलाए जिस मे सैयदना ने फरमाया था कि २० व़े इमाम ने “मौलातुना हुररत उल मलेका को नस्स के बारे में – जो आप ने सिजिल्ल उल बिशारत में की – आप अकेले को ही शाहिद इख्तियार किया था”। इक़बाल चागला ने पूछा कि इन दोनों में से क्या सही है? सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने फरमाया कि दोनों ही सही है। जो सवाल आप से आज किया गया उसके जवाब में आप की मुराद यह है कि मौलातुना हुररत उल मलेका, जब इमाम ने सिजिल्ल उल बिशारत खत लिखा, तब आप मिस्र में हाज़िर नहीं थी और ख़त के लिखे जाने की शाहिद नहीं थी.(मौलातुना हुररत उल मलेका उस वक्त यमन में थी) और सैयदना ने एफिडेविट ऑफ़ एविडेंस में जो पहले कहा वह यह कि मौलातुना हुररत उल मलेका ने नस्स की अकेले ही शहादत दी कि २१ व़े इमाम तैयेब इमाम है और आप की इस शहादत के सबब सतर की दावत २१ व़े इमाम के नाम से काइम है।

इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना से सवाल पूछा की आप ने जो कहा कि सुलेमान नबी अ.स. ने आप के वारिस पर पहली बार नस्स खानगी में (गोपनीय तरीके से) की, किसी अन्य व्यक्ति को शाहिद नहीं रखा (मतलब सिर्फ सुलेमान नबी और आप के मनसूस ही हाज़िर थे) आप का यह कहना किस बुनियाद पर है ? सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने फरमाया की सुलेमान नबी ने पहली बार नस्स खानगी में फरमाई यह बयान सैयदना क़ाज़ी अल नौमान रि.अ., जो इमाम के दाई और क़ाज़ी अल कुज़ात (चीफ जस्टिस) थे आप ने अपने किताब असास उत तावील में लिखा है । इसी किताब में सैयदना क़ाज़ी अल नौमान  बयान फरमाते है कि जिस वक्त सुलेमान नबी ने अपनी आखरी उम्र में दोबारा नस्स फरमाई तो उस दावत के हुदूद ने यह कहा कि अगर इस बात का हमें पहले इल्म हो जाता कि मनसूस कौन है तो व़े इस अज्ञानता की मेहनत को नहीं भुगतते। सैयदना क़ाज़ी अल नौमान इस वाकए के बारे में कुरआन मजीद की एक आयत का भी बयान फरमाते है।

इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से पूछा की आप ने फरमाया के अमीरुल मुमिनीन मौलाना अली स.अ. को इशारे से काइम किया गया (स्पष्ट शब्दों में नहीं)(not by direct statement) तो आप की क्या मुराद है? तब सैयदना ने फ़रमाया कि रसूलुल्लाह स.अ. ने आप के बयान में अली का नाम आप के नाम के साथ जोड़ कर फरमाया और हाज़रीन के लिये इशारा फ़रमाया कि अली आप के वारिस है। रसूलुल्लाह स.अ. ने फरमाया कि “जिसका मौला मै हु, अली उसके मौला है” इक़बाल चागला ने फिर सैयदना से पुछा कि क्या रसूलुल्लाह स.अ. ने मौलाना अली स.अ. को लोगो के दरमियाँ काइम फरमाया (public anointment)? सैयदना ने फरमाया कि हाँ यह बात सही है।

इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना से पूछा कि क्या आप ५१ व़े दाई के ख़त से आशना (परिचित) है तो सैयदना ने फरमाया कि एक हद्द तक आशना है। इक़बाल चागला ने फिर पूछा कि क्या अप ५१ व़े दाई के ख़त को देखकर पहचान लोगे? सैयदना ने फरमाया कि ख़त के नमूने देखकर बताया जा सकता है।

इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना को कुछ बाइंडिंग किये गए कागज़ो को पेश किया, जो हिस्सा सैयदना को बताया गया वह हाथ से की गई लाइन वाले कागज़ पर पेन्सिल से लिखा था। इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना से पूछा की क्या आप मानते है कि यह ५१ व़े दाई के हाथ से लिखे ख़त है? सैयदना ने फरमाया कि नहीं । इक़बाल चागला ने पूछा कि आप पहचान पाते हो कि यह किसके ख़त है? सैयदना ने फरमाया नहीं।

इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना से पूछा कि क्या इस कागज़ में यह नहीं लिखा गया कि नस्स खानगी में हो (गोपनीय तरीके से) फिर भी ४ या २ शाहिदो की हाज़री में ही होनी चाहिए(must be done)? जवाब में सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने फरमाया कि यह नहीं लिखा गया है कि ४ या २ शाहीदो की हाज़री में ही नस्स होनी चाहिए,(must be done) बलके यह लिखा गया है कि ४ या २ शाहीदो की हाज़री में भी नस्स हो सकती है(it may be done), और यह भी लिखा है कि दाई को इस बारे में पूरा इख्तियार है, और जैसे व़े चाहे, कर सकते है।

नामदार जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने आइन्दा सैयदना के क्रोस एक्जामिनेशन के लिये १३ अप्रैल, २०१८ की तारीख मुक़र्रर की है।

by admin at April 05, 2018 02:45 PM

April 04, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

કોર્ટ કેસ ના અખબાર – ૨૧, ૨૨ માર્ચ ૨૦૧૮

અલ દાઈ અલ અજલ સૈયદના તાહેર ફખરુદ્દીન ત.ઉ.શ. ની ઝબાની મુંબઈ હાઈ કોર્ટ માં ૨૧ મી માર્ચ ૨૦૧૮ બપોરે દોબારા શરુ થઇ. સૈયદના તાહેર ફખરુદ્દીન દાવત ના કેસ ન. ૩૩૭/૨૦૧૪ માં પ્લેનટીફ ની હેસિયત સી ગવાહી આપી. નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ ની કોર્ટ માં ઝબાની થઇ.

કુલ  ૪ સેશન માં શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન, પ્રતિવાદી, ના સીનીયર કાઉન્સિલ મોહતરમ ઇકબાલ ચાગલા સૈયદના તાહેર ફખરુદ્દીન ને ૭૮ સવાલ પૂછા. ૨૦૧૫ માં કેસ માં ઝબાની શરુ થઇ અને સૈયદના ખુઝૈમા કુત્બુદ્દીન રી.અ. ને જુમલે ૫૪૪ સવાલો પુછાયા. અને સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન ની ઝબાની શરુ થઇ ત્યાર સી કે હમણાં તક ૭૩૩ સવાલો પુછાયા છે . સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન અને સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન ને હમણાં સુધી કુલ ૧૨૭૭ સવાલો આજ તક પુછાયા છે.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન ને એક હસ્તલિખિત કિતાબ બતાવી. સૈયદના તે કિતાબ સી વાકિફ નહોતા. ઇકબાલ ચાગલા ના કેહવા પર સૈયદના એ એમા સી થોડા જુમલા પઢા. આપ ને સવાલ કરવામાં આવ્યો કે શું આ કિતાબ માં એમ લખું છે કે ૨૫ માં દાઈ સૈયદના જલાલ રી.અ. એ ૨૬ માં દાઈ સૈયદના દાઉદ બિન અજબશાહ પર નસ્સ દાવત ના લોગો ના દરમિયાન કીધી? સૈયદના એ ફરમાવ્યું કે હા આ કિતાબ માં એમ લખું છે, સૈયદના એ ઝ્યાદા એમ ફરમાવ્યું કે આ કિતાબ માં આ વાત ગલત લખી છે કે દાવત ના લોગો એ ૨૬ માં દાઈ ને દાવત સોંપી. આપ એ ઝ્યાદા ખુલાસો કિધો કે દાવત ના લોગો નો હરગિઝ હક્ક નથી કે દાવત મનસૂસ ને સોંપે. સૈયદના હમિદુદ્દીન અલ કીરમાની રી.અ. (હાકિમ ઈમામ ના બાબ ઉલ અબવાબ) યે એમ ફરમાવ્યું છે કે અગર તમામ આલમ એમ શહાદત દે કે આજ વારીસ છે તો એ શહાદત ગણાતી નથી અગર એના પર ઈમામ યા દાઈ એ નસ્સ ના કીધી હોઈ. તે સી ઈમામ યા દાઈ એના મનસૂસ ને દાવત સોંપે છે.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા યે સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન ને સવાલ કીધો કે, શું આપના પાસે કોઈ લેખિત સબૂત છે કે ૨૭ માં દાઈ સૈયદના દાઉદ બિન કુતુબશાહ હક્ક પર હતા એની મોટા માં મોટી દલીલ એ હતી કે આપ ૨૬ માં દાઈ ના માઝૂન હતા? સૈયદના એ ફરમાયુ કે હા, સૈયદી હસન બિન ઈદ્રીસ ના કિતાબ “અલ બુરહાન ઉલ જલીયાહ” માં એમ લખું  છે.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન ને પૂછું કે જે કાગઝ માં (સીજીલ્લ ઉલ બીશારત) ૨૦ માં ઈમામ એ ૨૧ માં ઈમામ ને કાઈમ કરવાની ખબર કીધી એહના મૌલાતુના હુરરત ઉલ મલેકા શાહીદ હતા? સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન એ ફરમાયુ કે ના આપ નહોતા. પછી ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના એ કોર્ટ માં આપેલી એફિડેવિટ ઓફ એવીડન્સ માં સી આ જુમલા સૈયદના ને બતાવ્યા જેમાં આપ એ ફરમાયુ છે કે ૨૦ માં ઈમામ એ “મૌલાતુના હુરરત ઉલ મલેકા ને નસ્સ ના ઉપર – જે આપ એ સીજીલ્લ ઉલ બીશારત માં કીધી – એના વાસ્તે એકલા શાહિદ ઇખ્તેયાર કીધા” ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ પૂછું કે આ બે માં સી કયું સહી છે? સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન એ ફરમાયુ કે બેવે સહી છે. જે સવાલ આપ ને આજે કરવામાં આવ્યો એના જવાબ માં આપ ની મુરાદ એમ હતી કે મૌલાતુના હુરરત ઉલ મલેકા મિસર માં હાઝીર નહોતા અને શાહિદ નહોતા જ્યારે ૨૦ માં ઈમામ એ સીજીલ્લ

ઉલ બીશારત લખું.(મૌલાતુના હુરરત ઉલ મલેકા યમન માં હતા) અને આપ એ જે પેહલા એફિડેવિટ ઓફ એવીડન્સ માં કહ્યું છે તે શું કે મૌલાતુના હુરરત ઉલ મલેક નસ્સ ના અકેલા શાહિદ હતા કેમ કે આપ એ શહાદત દીધી કે ૨૧ માં ઈમામ તૈયબ ઈમામ છે અને આપ ની શહાદત ના સબબ આ સતર ની દાવત ૨૧ માં ઈમામ ના નામ સી કાઈમ રેહશે.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને સવાલ પૂછો કે આપ એ જે કહ્યું છે કે કે સુલેમાન નબી અ.સ. એ પેહલા આપ ના વારીસ પર નસ્સ ખાનગી માં કીધી, કોઈ બીજા શાહિદ વગર (યા ને કે ફક્ત સુલેમાન નબી અને આપ ના મનસૂસ હાઝીર હતા) યે આપ નું કેહવું શું બુનિયાદ પર છે? સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન એ ફરમાયુ કે સુલેમાન નબી એ પેહલી વખ્ત ખાનગી માં નસ્સ કીધી યે બયાન સૈયદનલ કાઝી અલ નોઅમાન રી.અ. એ જે ઈમામ ના દાઈ અને કાઝી અલ કુઝાત (ચીફ જસ્ટીસ) હતા, આપ એ આપના કિતાબ અસાસ ઉત તાવીલ માં લખું છે. એજ કિતાબ માં સૈયદનલ કાઝી અલ નોઅમાન બયાન કરે કે જે વખ્ત સુલેમાન નબી ની આખિર ઉમર માં પાછી નસ્સ કીધી તે વખ્ત દાવત ના હુદૂદ એ એમ કહ્યું કે જો એ સગલા પેહલા જાણી લેતા કે મનસૂસ કોણ છે તો એ સગલા ના જાણવાની (અજ્ઞાન પણા ની) મુશ્કેલ ન ભોગવતે. સૈયદનલ કાઝી અલ નોઅમાન આ વાકેઆ ના બારામાં કુરઆન મજીદ ની એક આયત નું ભી બયાન કરે છે.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન ને પૂછું કે આપ એ ફરમાયુ કે અમીરુલ મુમિનીન મૌલાના અલી સ..અ. ને ઇશારા સી કાઈમ કીધા ( સ્પષ્ટ શબ્દો માં નહીં) તો આપ ની શું મુરાદ હતી? તો સૈયદના એ ફરમાયુ કે રસુલુલ્લાહ સ.અ. આપ ના બયાન માં અલી નું નામ આપ ના નામ સાથે જોડી ને ફરમાયુ એના સી હાઝરીન વાસ્તે ઈશારો કીધો કે અલી આપ ના વારીસ છે. રસુલુલ્લાહ એ ફરમાયુ કે “જેનો મૌલા મેં છું અલી એના મૌલા છે”. ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ પછી સૈયદના ને પૂછું કે શું રસુલુલ્લાહ એ મૌલાના અલી ને કાઈમ કીધા તે લોગો ના દરમિયાન હતું (public anointment)? તો સૈયદના એ ફરમાયુ કે એ વાત સહી છે.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને પૂછું કે શું આપ ૫૧ માં દાઈ ના ખત સી આશના (familiar) છે તો સૈયદના એ ફરમાયુ કે એક હદ તક આશના છે. ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ પછી પૂછું કે શું આપ ૫૧ માં દાઈ ના ખત દેખે તો એને પેહ્ચાની શકે? સૈયદના એ ફરમાયુ કે એનો મિસાલ પેશ થાય એ દેખીનેજ ફરમાવી શકે.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને કિતનાક બંધાએલા (bound) કરેલા કાગઝો પેશ કીધા જે હિસ્સો સૈયદના ને બતાયો તે હાથ સી લાઈન વાલા કાગઝ પર પેનસીલ સી લખાયું હતું. ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને પૂછું શું આપ કબુલ કરો છો કે આ ૫૧ માં દાઈ ના હાથ ના ખત છે? સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન એ ના ફરમાયુ. ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ પૂછું કે શું આપ આ કોના હાથ ના ખત છે તે પેહ્ચાની શકો છો? તો સૈયદના એ ના ફરમાયુ.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ પછી સૈયદના ને પૂછું કે શું આ કાગઝ માં એમ લખું છે કે અગર નસ્સ ખાનગી માં ભી કરે તો ૨ યા કે ૪ શાહીદો ની હાઝરી માં જ થવી જોઈએ, સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન એ ફરમાયુ કે આ કાગઝ માં એમ નથી લખું ૨ યા કે ૪ શાહિદ ની હાઝરી માં જ થાવી જોઈએ બલકે એમ લખું છે કે ૨ યા ૪ શાહિદ ની હાઝરી માં ભી થઇ શકે અને એમ ભી લખું છે કે દાઈ ને આ અમર માં કુલ ઈખ્તિયાર છે અને એ જેમ ચાહે તેમ કરી શકે છે.

નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ એ આઇન્દા સૈયદના ના ક્રોસ એક્ઝામિનેશન ના વાસ્તે ૧૩ એપ્રિલ ૨૦૧૮ તારીખ આપી છે.

by admin at April 04, 2018 02:00 PM

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Hyde Park Institute recent events with Tahera Qutbuddin, Thomas Pavel, and Adam Romeiser

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We’re pleased to share these recent events sponsored by our partner The Hyde Park Institute

Character and Action Mini-Seminars

The seminars offered in this series have a special focus on moral dimensions of human life and the role of good character in navigating these dimensions well. Participants in these seminars will think through these issues by engaging with philosophical, literary, and religious texts.

These extracurricular, faculty-led seminars meet 2-4 times a quarter for around 1 ½ hours each session. They are open to all University of Chicago students, though space is limited. Advanced reading will be assigned for each seminar, but no written work.

On January 27th, Thomas Pavel, Gordon J. Laing Distinguished Service Professor of Romance Languages and Literature, led the last of three sessions using works of literature and film to highlight non-cardinal virtues. More specifically, Prof. Pavel drew on the works of Henry James, Simone Weil, Robert Bresson, and Heinrich von Kleist to elicit paradigm instances and failings of incumbency, trust, and attention. After short background remarks that framed the discussion of each virtue, Prof. Pavel guided participants through an analysis and discussion of the text and the virtue it emphasized. The general theme was how an attitude similar to love or care is important for virtue and how self-possession or self-centeredness tend to destroy it.

 

On February 14th, Tahera Qutbuddin, Professor of Arabic Literature, and scholar with the project Virtue, Happiness, & the Meaning of Life, gave the second of two sessions on the ethical writings of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the cousin and brother-in-law of Muhammad. Ali was a larger than life figure who was a learned philosopher, an aesthetic, caliph, and warrior and commander. The sessions consisted of presentations by Prof. Qutbuddin, a period of discussion and inquiry, and each ended with participants analyzing selected texts of Ali’s. Prof. Qutbuddin explained that for Ali faith and ethics went hand-in-hand as piety requires virtue and virtue requires piety.

 

Emerging Scholars Cohort in Bioethics

The Emerging Scholars Cohort in Bioethics is a yearlong certificate program in which a select group of students will interact with exemplar physician-scholars and consider what it means to be a good health care clinician, understood to involve more than mere technical competence. Members of the cohort will participate in a 2-day, intensive seminar and a series of lectures. Discussion of the seminar and lecture topics will continue over arranged dinners with the invited speakers. Throughout this program students will think through questions concerning the legitimate goals of medicine, the doctor-patient relationship, and medical professionalism, among others.

 

On February 21st, Dr. Adam Romeiser delivered an address titled “Rest, Renunciation, and Reconciliation: Three R’s and Their Relation to Health and Freedom in the Age of Addiction,” to the Emerging Scholar Cohort in Bioethics. The talk focused the value these three habits have had for Dr. Romeiser’s practice. More specifically, Dr. Romeiser tied the habits to maintaining health—especially mental health and the avoidance of burnout—and the capacity or freedom to meet all of one’s obligations. The talk was followed by discussion of Dr. Romeiser’s work providing health care to the Lawndale community, and the efforts of Lawndale Christian Center to provide their patients the opportunity for lifestyle changes.

ESCB seminar

For more information about the Hyde Park Institute and their programs, visit https://hydeparkinstitute.org.

by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at April 04, 2018 01:15 PM

April 03, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

كورٹ كيس نا اخبار –٢١، ٢٢ مارچ ٢٠١٨

الداعي الاجل سيدنا طاهر فخر الدين طع ني زباني بمبئي هاي كورٹ ما  ٢١ مي مارچ ٢٠١٨ دوپهير ني وقت دوباره شروع تهئي، سيدنا فخر الدين دعوة نا كيس نمبر ٣٣٧\٢٠١٤ ما پلينتيف (plaintiff) ني حيثية سي گواهي آپي، نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل نا كورٹ ما زباني تهئي،

جملے  ٤ سيشن ما شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant)  نا senior counsel محترم اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا فخرالدين نے ٧٨ سؤال پوچها، ٢٠١٥ ما كيس ما زباني شروع تهئي انے سيدنا قطب الدين نے جملے ٥٤٤ سؤال پوچهايا، انے سيدنا فخر الدين ني زباني شروع تهئي تيوارسي كه همنا تك ٧٣٣ سؤال پوچهايا چهے، جملے سيدنا قطب الدين انے سيدنا فخر الدين نے همنا تك ١٢٧٧ سؤال آج تك پوچها چهے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا فخر الدين نے ايك مخطوط كتاب (manuscript) بتاوي، سيدنا يه كتاب سي آشنا (familiar) نوتا، اقبال چاگلا نا كهوا پر سيدنا يه اهما سي بعض جملة پرها، آپنے سؤال كروا ما آيو كه سوں آ كتاب ايم كهے چهے كه ٢٥ ما داعي سيدنا جلال رض يه ٢٦ ما داعي سيدنا داؤد بن عجبشاه رض پر نص دعوة نا لوگو (people of Dawat) نا درميان  كيدي؟ ، سيدنا يه فرمايو كه ها، آ كتاب ما ايم لكهو چهے، سيدنا يه زيادة ايم فرمايو كه آ كتاب ما آ وات غلط لكهي چهے كه دعوة نا لوگو يه ٢٦ ما داعي نے دعوة سونپي، آپ يه ايم زيادة واضح كيدو كه دعوة نا لوگو نو هرگز حق نتهي كه دعوة منصوص نے سونپے، سيدنا حميد الدين الكرماني رض (حاكم امام عم نا باب الأبواب) يه ايم فرمايو چهے كه اگر تمام عالم ايم شهادة دے كه آج وارث چهے، تو يه شهادة گناتي نتهي اگر اهنا اوپر امام يا داعي يه نص نه كيدي هوئي، ته سي امام يا داعي اهنا منصوص نے دعوة سونپے چهے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا فخر الدين نے سؤال كيدو كه سوں آپنا پاسے كوئي لكهٹ ثبوت چهے آ وات نو كه ٢٧ ما داعي سيدنا داؤد بن قطبشاه حق پر تها اهنو مهوتا ما مهوتي دليل يه تهي كه آپ ٢٦ ما داعي نا ماذون تها؟، سيدنا يه فرمايو كه ها، سيدي حسن بن ادريس نا كتاب “البرهان الجالية” ما ايم لكهو چهے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا فخر الدين نے پوچهو كه جه كاغز ما (سجل البشارة) ٢٠ ما امام يه ٢١ ما امام نے قائم كروا ني خبر كيدي، اهنا مولاتنا الحرة الملكة شاهد هتا، سيدنا فخرالدين يه فرمايو كه نه، آپ نوتا، پچهي اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا ني كورٹ ما آفيداويت اوف اويدينس (Affidavit of Evidence) ما سي آ جملة سيدنا نے بتايو، جه ما آپ يه فرمايو چهے كه ٢٠ ما امام يه “مولاتنا حرة الملكة نے نص نا اوپر ـ جه آپئے سجل البشارة ما كيدي – اهنا واسطے اكيلا شاهد اختيار كيدا “، اقبال چاگلا يه پوچهو كه آ ٢  ما سي كيو صحيح چهے؟، سيدنا فخر الدين يه فرمايو كه بيوے صحيح چهے، جه سؤال آپنے آجے تهيو اهما آپني مراد ايم هتي كه مولاتنا حرة الملكة مصر ما حاضر نوتا انے شاهد نوتا جيوارے ٢٠ ما امام يه سجل البشارة لكهو (مولاتنا حرة الملكة يمن ما هتا)، انے آپئے جه پهلے آفيداويت اوف اويدينس (Affidavit of Evidence) ما كهيو چهے ته سو كه مولاتنا حرة الملكة نص نا اكيلا شاهد هتا كيمكه آپئے شهادة ديدي كه ٢١ ما امام طيب امام چهے، انے آپني شهادة نا سبب آ ستر ني دعوة ٢١ ما امام نا نام سي قائم رهسے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے سال پوچهو كه آپ يه جه كهيو چهے كه سليمان نبي عم يه پهلے آپنا وارث پر نص خانگي ما كيدي كوئي بيسرا شاهد بغير (يعني كه فقط سليمان نبي انے آپنا منصوص حاضر هتا)، يه آپنو كهؤو سوں بنياد پر چهے، سيدنا فخر الدين يه فرمايو كه كه سليمان نبي يه پهلي وقت خانگي ما نص كيدي يه بيان سيدنا القاضي النعمان رض، جه امام نا داعي انے قاضي القضاة هتا، آپئے آپنا كتاب أساس التاويل ما كيدو چهے، يه ج كتا ما سيدنا القاضي النعمان بيان كرے چهے كه جه وقت سليمان نبي ني آخر عمر ما پاچهي نص كيدي ته وقت دعوة نا حدود يه ايم كهيو كه اگر جو يه سگلا پهلے جاني ليتا كه منصوص كون چهے، تو يه سگلا نه جانواني محنة ما نه بهوگتے، سيدنا القاضي النعمان آ واقعة نا باره ما قران مجيد ني ايك آية بهي بيان كرے چهے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا فخر الدين نے پوچهو كه آپئے فرمايو كه امير المؤمنين مولانا علي صع نے إشارة سي قائم كيدا (واضح بيان نهيں – not by direct statement)، تو آپني سوں مراد هتي؟، سيدنا يه فرمايو كه رسول الله صلع يه آپنا بيان ما علي نو نام آپنا نام ساتهے جوري نے فرمايو اهنا سي حاضرين واسطے إشارة كيدو كه علي آپنا وارث چهے، رسول الله يه فرمايو كه “جه نو مولىٰ ميں چهوں، علي اهنا مولىٰ چهے”، اقبال چاگلا يه پچهي سيدنا نے پوچهو كه سوں رسول الله يه مولانا علي نے قائم كيدا ته لوگون نا درميان هتو (public anointment)؟ سيدنا يه فرمايو كه يه وات صحيح چهے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے پوچهو كه سوں آپ ٥١ ما داعي نا خط سي آشنا (familiar) چهے، سيدنا يه فرمايو كه ايك حد تك آشنا چهے، اقبال چاگلا يه پچهی پوچهو كه سوں آپ ٥١ ما داعي نا خط ديكهے تو اهنے پهچاني سكے؟، سيدنا يه فرمايو كه اهنو مثال پيش تهائي يه ديكهي نے ج فرماوي سكے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے كتناك بندهائيلا (bound) كاغزو پيش كيدا، جه حصة سيدنا نے بتايو ته هاتهـ سي لاين والا كاغز پر پنسيل سي لكهايو تهو، اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے پوچهو كه سوں آپ قبول كرے چهے كه آ ٥١ ما داعي نا هاتهـ نا خط چهے؟، سيدنا فخر الدين يه نه فرمايو، اقبال چاگلا يه پوچهو كه سوں آپ آ كونا هاتهـ نا خط چهے ته پهچاني سكے چهے؟، سيدنا يه نه فرمايو،

اقبال چاگلا يه پچهي سيدنا نے پوچهو كه سوں آ كاغز ما ايم لكهو چهے كه اگر نص خانگي ما بهي كرے تو ٢ يا كه ٤ شاهد ني حاضري ماج تهاوي جويه (must be done)، سيدنا فخر الدين يه فرمايو كه آ كاغز ما ايم نتهي لكهو ٢ ياكه ٤ شاهد ني حاضري ماج تهاوي جويه (must be done)، بلكه ايم لكهو چهے كه ٢ يا كه ٤ شاهد ني حاضري ما بهي تهئي سكے (it may be  done)،  انے ايم بهي لكهو چهے كه داعي نے آ امر ما كل اختيار چهے انے يه جيم چاهے تيم كري سكے چهے،

نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه عائنده سيدنا نا cross examination  نا واسطے ١٣ مي إيپرل ٢٠١٨ تاريخ آپي چهے،

by admin at April 03, 2018 06:00 AM

March 25, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court Declaratory Suit 21st & 22nd March 2018

The recording of evidence of His Holiness Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb (TUS), the Plaintiff in Suit 337/2014, which had been originally filed by his predecessor His Holiness the Late Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin Saheb RA (the Original Plaintiff) in the Hon’ble Bombay High Court, continued on 21st and 22nd March in Courtroom No. 37 of the Hon’ble Bombay High Court, presided over by the Hon’ble Justice Gautam Patel.

 

Over four sessions of cross-examination, Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb was asked 78 questions by Mr Iqbal Chagla, Senior Counsel for the defendant Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin. Since 2015 when the cross-examination began, Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb was asked a total of 544 questions, and Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb has so far been asked 733 questions, a cumulative total of 1,277 questions between the Original Plaintiff and the Plaintiff to date.

 

Mr. Chagla showed Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb a manuscript that he was not familiar with. He was then asked to read from it to see whether it said that the nass conferred by the 25th Dai, Syedna Jalal RA on the 26th Dai Syedna Dawood bin Ajabshah RA was in the presence of the people of Dawat. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb answered yes, that was what the manuscript said. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb also added that the manuscript incorrectly said that the people of the Dawat handed over the Dawat to the 26th Dai. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb explained that it was never for the people of the Dawat to hand over the Dawat to the Mansoos and an authority as high as Syedna Hamiduddin al Kirmani (The Bab ul-Abwaab of the 16th Imam, Imam Hakim) had said that even if the whole world were to testify that a particular person is a successor, that is not valid unless there is a nass conferred by the Imam or Dai and therefore, it is the Imam or Dai who hands over the Dawat to the Mansoos.

 

Mr. Chagla asked Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb whether there was any written proof that supported his earlier statement that the biggest proof of the legitimacy of the 27th Dai Syedna Dawood bin Qutubshah’s claim to being the Dai was that he was the Mazoon of the 26th Dai. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb responded, yes, that this was stated in the book ‘Al Burhan al Jaliya’ written by Syedi Hasan bin Idris.

 

Mr. Chagla asked Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb if Maulatuna Hurrat al-Malika was a witness to the written communication from the 20th Imam appointing the 21st Imam. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb responded no, she was not. Mr. Chagla referred to the statement in Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb’s Affidavit of Evidence that the 20th Imam “chose Maulatuna Hurrat al-Malika to be the single witness to the nass he conferred via the Sijjil ul Bisharat” and asked which of these two above statements were true. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb responded that both statements were correct. He said in the question put to him today, he (Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb) meant that she (Maulatuna Hurrat al-Malika) was not physically present in Egypt to witness the letter (Sijjil ul Bisharat) being written by the 20th Imam (she was in Yemen at that time). In his earlier statement in his Affidavit of Evidence, Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb said that Maulatuna Hurrat al-Malika was the single witness to the nass because she testified that the 21st Imam was al-Tayyeb and it was based on her testimony that this Dawat in the seclusion of the Imam would continue in the name of the 21st Imam.

 

Mr. Chagla asked Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb questions regarding the basis on which he had said that Prophet Sulayman SA first conferred nass on his successor in private without any outside witnesses (i.e. only Prophet Sulayman and his mansoos were present). Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb replied that the conferment of the first nass being conferred in private is narrated by Syedna Qadi al-Noman, who was a Dai and also the Chief Justice during the time of the Imam in his book ‘Asaas ut-taweel’. In the same book Syedna Qadi al Noman also narrated that when the nass was again done at the end of Prophet Sulayman’s life the dignitaries of the Dawat said that had they known who the Mansoos was before they would not have suffered the anguish of not knowing his identity. Syedna Qadi al Noman cites a Quranic verse about this incident.

 

Mr. Chagla asked Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb what he meant when he said that the appointment of Maulana Ali AS was by an indication (i.e. not by a direct statement). Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb responded that he meant that Prophet Mohammed SAW in addressing the gathering referred to Imam Ali as his successor by juxtaposing Imam Ali’s name with his own. The Prophet said, “He whose Maula I am, Ali is now his Maula.” Mr Chagla then asked Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb whether Maulana Ali succeeded Prophet Mohammed by public anointment, to which Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb agreed.

 

Mr. Chagla asked Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb whether he was familiar with the handwriting of the 51st Dai. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb answered that he was familiar only to some extent. Mr. Chagla then asked whether he would be able to recognize the handwriting if he saw it, Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb said that he could not say until he was shown the specimen of his handwriting.

 

Mr. Chagla showed Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb a bound collection of documents. The portion shown was handwritten on lined paper using a pencil. Mr. Chagla then asked if Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb agreed that this was the handwriting of the 51st Dai. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb responded “no”. Mr. Chagla asked if he recognised the handwriting at all, to which Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb responded “no”.

 

Mr. Chagla then asked if Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb agreed that one of the pages in the collection of documents said that although nass can be conferred secretly, it must even so be done in the presence of two or four witnesses. Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb responded that the page in question does not say that it must be done in the presence of two or four witnesses, but rather says that it may be done in the presence of two or four witnesses, and that it also says that the Dai has complete freedom of choice in this matter and may do as he pleases.

 

The Hon’ble Justice Gautam Patel has scheduled the further cross-examination of Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb on 13th April 2018.

by admin at March 25, 2018 03:45 PM

March 10, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

February 26, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

February 25, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

February 23, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

كورٹ كيس نا اخبار -١٣، ١٤، ١٦ فيبرواري ٢٠١٨

الداعي الاجل سيدنا طاهر فخر الدين طع ني زباني بمبئي هاي كورٹ ما ١٣ مي فيبرواري ٢٠١٨ دوپهيرے ١٢ واجے دوباره شروع تهئي، سيدنا فخر الدين دعوة نا كيس نمبر ٣٣٧\٢٠١٤ ما پلينتيف (plaintiff) ني حيثية سي گواهي آپي، نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل نا كورٹ ما زباني تهئي،

شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) نا senior counsel محترم اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا فخرالدين نے سؤالو پوچها،

١٣مي فيبرواري اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے ٥١ ما داعي ني ايك رسالة نا باره ما سؤال كيدو جه ما سيدنا طاهر سيف ادلين فرماوے چهے كه نص ايك “جماعة” نا درميان تهاوي جو ئے، سيدنا يه جواب ما فرمايو كه عربي لفظ “جماعة” نو چهے، انے رسول الله صلع يه ايم فرمايو چهے، “ايك اكيلو مؤمن بهي جماعة چهے” (المؤمن وحده جماعة)،

سيدنا نے سؤال تهيو كه ايم ضروري چهے كه نص (nass of successio) واضح أداء (explicit) هوئي؟، سيدنا يه جواب ما فرمايو كه جيم داؤدي بهره قوم نا ميثاق ني عبارة ما چهے، نص دايركٹ كهوا سي (direct statement) يا واضح إشارة سي تهائي،

١٤ مي فيبرواري اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے اسمعيل بن عبد الرسول اجيني (المجدوع) ني فهرست نا باره ما سؤال كيدو – كه جه ما اسماعيلي فقه، تاريخ انے فلسفة ني كتابو ني ليسٹ چهے، سؤال ايك كيدو كه سوں يه فهرست محقق مستند چهے (authoritative)، سيدنا يه جواب فمرايو كه ايم نه ليوائي كه آ فهرست بالتمام محقق مستند چهے، كيمكه يه فهرست نا جمع كرنار، جه داؤدي بهره قوم ما مجدوع سي اولكهائي چهے، يه ٤٠ ما داعي نو سامنو كيدو، دشمني كيدي،

اقبال چاگلا يه مجدوع ني فهرست نا باره ما كتناك بيجا سؤالو كيدا كه جه نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه منع كيدا ايم كهي نے كه شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) نے پهلے ايم ثابت كرؤ پرهسے كه داؤدي بهره قوم نا نزديك آ فهرست مستند انے محقق چهے،

١٦مي فيبرواري سيدنا يه ٥٢ ما داعي سيدنا محمد برهان الدين نا بيان ني ايك ويديو ريكوردنگ پيش كيدي جه ما ٥٢ ما داعي ايم فرماوے چهے كه مجدوع ني كوئي بهي تصور مانوي نه جوئے، انے مجدوع نا سگلا لكهانو سي گهنو سنبهالؤ جوئے،

اقبال چاگلا يه كورٹ ما ٥١ ما داعي سيدنا طاهر سيف الدين رض ني بيان ني ايك ريكوردنگ پيش كيدي جه ما شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) ايم زعم كرے چهے كه ٥١ ما داعي ايم ذكر كرے چهے كه نص نا شاهدو هوا جوئے، سيدنا يه كورٹ ما يه ج بيان نے ديجيتلي واضح كيديلي ريكوردنگ (enhanced for clarity) پيش كيدي، انے فرمايو كه ايم وضاح چهے كه نص واسطے شاهدو هوا جوئے اهني كئي ذكر نتهي، انے ايم فرمايو كه ٥١ ما داعي “شاهدو” نو كئي بهي فرماؤتا ج نتهي، بلكه “كاغزو” ني ذكر فرماوے چهے، نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه آ گهنا مهم اختلاف ني نوندهـ كيدي انے ايم كهيو كه اهني الگ سي غور كرؤ جوئيسے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے سؤال كيدو كه ٢٧ ما داعي سيدنا داؤد بن قطب شاه آپنا قائم نا كرنار ٢٦ ما داعي نا ماذون هتا، اهنا سوى آپني سچائي پر كوئي بيسري دليل چهے (مُدّعي سليمان نا خلاف)، سيدنا يه فرمايو كه ٢٥ ما داعي يه ايم فرمايو تهو كه آپنا سپنا ما امام تشريف لايا انے فرمايو كه تمے “٢ داؤد” (٢٦ ما داعي انے ٢٧ ما داعي) نے تمارا بعد دعوة نا رتبة ما قائم كرو، سيدنا يه ايم بهي فرمايو كه جيوارے ٢٦ ما داعي يه ٢٧ ما داعي نے آپنا منصوص قائم كيدا تو كتناك لوگو يه واندو كيدو، ٢٦ ما داعي يه واندو كرنار لوگو نے ايم فرمايو كه آ تو ٢٥ ما داعي يه آپنے (٢٦ما داعي نے) فرمايو تهو كه سيدنا داؤد بن قطب شاه نے ٢٧ ما داعي قائم كرے،

سيدنا يه ايم بهي فرمايو كيدي كه ٥١ ما داعي سيدنا طاهر سيف الدين آپني رسالة ما ايم ذكر كرے چهے كه سليمان يه پهلے سيدنا داؤد بن قطب شاه نے سجده ديدو انے قبول كيدو كه آپنا اوپر نص تهئي چهے، پچهي تهورا سال بعد دعؤو كيدو،

(شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) سيدنا خزيمة قطب الدين واسطے سجده ديتا تها، اهني ويديو ريكوردنگ كورٹ ما پيش كيدي چهے)

نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه عائنده سيدنا نا cross examination  نا واسطے ٢١ مي انے ٢٢مي مارچ ٢٠١٨ انے هجي ضرورة هوئي تو ١٠مي، ١١مي انے ١٣مي إيپرل ٢٠١٨ تاريخ آپي چهے،

by admin at February 23, 2018 06:15 AM

કોર્ટ કેસ ના અખબાર – ૧૩, ૧૪ અને ૧૬ ફેબ્રુઆરી, ૨૦૧૮

અલ દાઈલ અજલ સૈયદના તાહેર ફખરુદ્દીન ત.ઉ.શ. ની ઝબાની બોમ્બે હાઈ કોર્ટ માં ૧૩ ફેબ્રુઆરી ૨૦૧૮ બપોરે ૧૨ વાગ્યે પુનઃ શરુ થઇ.

સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન દાવત ના કેસ નંબર ૩૩૭/૨૦૧૪ માં વાદી (plaintiff) ની હેસિયત સી ઝબાની આપી. નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ ના કોર્ટ માં ઝબાની થઇ.

શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન પ્રતિવાદી (defendant) ના સીનીયર કાઉન્સીલ મોહતરમ ઇક્બાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન ને સવાલો પૂછા.

૧૩ મી ફેબ્રુઆરી ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને ૫૧ માં દાઈ ની એક રિસાલત ના બારામાં સવાલ પુછો જેમાં સૈયદના તાહેર સૈફુદ્દીન ફરમાવે છે કે નસ્સ એક “જમાઅત” ના દરમિયાન થવી જોઈએ. સૈયદના એ જવાબ માં ફર્માયું કે રિસાલત માં અરબી લફ્ઝ “જમાઅત” નો છે અને રસુલુલ્લાહ સ.અ. એ એમ ફરમાવ્યું છે “એકલો એક મુમીન ભી જમાઅત છે”. (المؤمن وحده جماعة)

સૈયદના ને સવાલ થયો કે શું એમ જરૂરી છે કે નસ્સ સ્પષ્ટ શબ્દો માં થવી જોઈએ? સૈયદના એ જવાબમાં ફરમાવ્યું કે જેમ દાઉદી બોહરા કૌમ ના મીસાક ના બયાન માં છે કે નસ્સ સ્પષ્ટ શબ્દો માં કહીને યા સ્પષ્ટ ઇશારા થી થાય.

૧૪ મી ફેબ્રુઆરી ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને ઈસ્માઈલ બિન અબ્દુરરસૂલ ઉજ્જૈની (અલ મજદૂ) ની ફેહરિસ્ત (લીસ્ટ) ના બારામાં સવાલ કરો કે જેમાં ઈસમાઈલી ફીકેહ, તારીખ અને ફલસફત ની કીતાબો ની સૂચિ છે. સવાલ એમ કીધો કે શું એ ફેહરિસ્ત અધિકારીક, પ્રમાણિત (મુસ્તનદ) છે? સૈયદના એ જવાબ ફર્માયો કે એમ ના લેવાઈ કે આ ફેહરિસ્ત પૂરેપૂરી મુસ્તનદ છે કેમ કે એ ફેહરિસ્ત ના તૈયાર કરનાર જે દાઉદી બોહરા કૌમ માં મજદૂ નામ સી ઓળખાઈ છે, તે એ ૪૦ માં દાઈ નો સામનો કરો અને દુશ્મની કીધી.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ મજદૂ ની ફેહરિસ્ત ન બારામાં હજી કેટલાક સવાલો કર્યા જે સવાલો નો નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ એ નામંજૂર કર્યા એમ કહીને કે શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન (પ્રતિવાદી) ને પહેલા એમ સાબિત કરવું પડશે કે દાઉદી બોહરા કૌમ માં આ ફેહરિસ્ત મુસ્તનદ છે.

૧૬ મી ફેબ્રુઆરી સૈયદના એ ૫૨ માં દાઈ સૈયદના મોહમ્મદ બુરહાનુદ્દીન રી.અ. ના બયાન ની એક વિડીયો રેકોર્ડીંગ પેશ કીધી જેમાં ૫૨ માં દાઈ ફરમાવે છે કે દુશ્મન મજદૂ ની કોઈ ભી તસવ્વુર માનવી ન જોઈએ, અને મજદૂ ના સગલા લીખાનો સી ઘનું સંભાળવું જોઈએ.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ કોર્ટ માં ૫૧ માં દાઈ સૈયદના તાહેર સૈફુદ્દીન રી.અ. ના બયાન ની એક રેકોર્ડીંગ પેશ કીધી જેના હવાલા થી શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન (પ્રતિવાદી) તરફથી એમ કેહવામાં આવ્યું કે આ ટેપ માં ૫૧ માં દાઈ એમ ઝિકર કરે છે કે નસ્સ ના “શાહીદો” હોવા જોઈએ. સૈયદના એ કોર્ટ માં એજ બયાન ની વાઝેહ કરેલી (પશ્ચાદ ધ્વની વગર) એજ રેકોર્ડીંગ પેશ કીધી અને ફર્માવ્યુ કે એમ વાઝેહ છે કે નસ્સ વાસ્તે શહીદો હોવા જોઈએ એની કોઈ ઝિકર આ રેકોર્ડીંગ માં છે જ નહીં, અને એમ ફરમાવ્યું કે ૫૧ માં દાઈ “શાહીદો” નું કઈ ભી ફર્માવતાજ નથી બલકે સ્પષ્ટ સંભળાઈ છે કે “કાગઝો” ની ઝિકર ફરમાવે છે. નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ એ આ ઘણા ગંભીર ફરક ની નોંધ લીધી અને એમ કહ્યું કે આ બાબત ની જાંચ તપાસ કરવી પડશે.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને સવાલ કીધો કે ૨૭ માં દાઈ સૈયદના દાઉદ બિન કુતુબશાહ આપ ના કાઈમ ના કરનાર ૨૬ માં દાઈ ના માઝૂન હતા એહના સિવાય આપની સચ્ચાઈ પર કોઈ બીજી દલીલ છે (દાવેદાર સુલેમાન ના ખિલાફ). સૈયદના એ ફરમાવ્યું કે ૨૫ માં દાઈ એ એમ ફરમાવ્યું હતું કે આપના સપના માં ઈમામ તશરીફ લાવ્યા અને ફરમાવ્યું કે તમે “બે દાઉદ” (૨૬ માં દાઈ અજબશાહ, અને ૨૭ માં દાઈ કુતુબશાહ) ને તમારા બાદ દાવત ના રુતબા માં કાઈમ કરજો. સૈયદના એએમ ભી ફરમાવ્યું કે જ્યારે ૨૬ માં દાઈ એ ૨૭ માં દાઈ ને આપના મનસૂસ કાઈમ કીધા, તો કેટલાક લોકોએ વાંધો લીધો, ૨૬ માં દાઈ એ વાંધો લેનાર લોકો ને ફરમાવ્યું કે આ તો ૨૫ માં દાઈ એ આપને (૨૬ માં દાઈ ને) વસિયત કરી હતી કે સૈયદના દાઉદ બિન કુતુબશાહ ને ૨૭ માં દાઈ કાઈમ કરજો.

સૈયદના એ એમ ભી ફરમાવ્યું કે ૫૧ માં દાઈ સૈયદના તાહેર સૈફુદ્દીન આપ ની રિસાલત માં એમ ઝિકર કરે છે કે સુલેમાન એ પહેલા સૈયદના દાઉદ બિન કુતુબશાહ ને સજદો દીધો અને કબુલ કીધું કે આપના ઉપર નસ્સ થઇ છે, પછી થોડા વરસ પછી ઇનકાર કરીને દાવો કીધો.

(શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન – પ્રતિવાદી – ભી સૈયદના ખુઝૈમા કુત્બુદ્દીન (આ કેસ માં મૂળ વાદી) વાસ્તે સજદો દેતા હતા. એની વિડીયો રેકોર્ડીંગ કોર્ટ માં પેશ કરી છે.)

નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ એ હવે પછી સૈયદના ના ક્રોસ એક્ઝામિનેશન વાસ્તે ૨૧ અને ૨૨ માર્ચ, ૨૦૧૮ અને હજી જરૂરત પડે તો ૧૦, ૧૧ મી અને ૧૩ મી એપ્રિલ ૨૦૧૮ ની તારીખ આપી છે.

by admin at February 23, 2018 06:15 AM

February 20, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

बोम्बे हाई कोर्ट केस के अखबार, फेब्रुअरी १३, १४ और १६ २०१८

अल दाई अल अजल सैयदना ताहेर फखरुद्दीन त.उ.श. की ज़बानी बोम्बे हाई कोर्ट में १३ वी फेब्रुअरी २०१८ के रोज़ दोपहर १२ बजे शुरू हुइ। सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने दावत के केस नं ३३७/२०१४ में वादी की हैसियत से गवाही दी। नामदार जस्टिस गौतम पटेल के कोर्ट में कार्यवाही हुइ।

शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्द्ल सैफुद्दीन (प्रतिवादी) के वकील सीनियर काउन्सिल मोहतरम इक़बाल चागलाने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से कई सवाल पूछे।

१३वि फेब्रुअरी के दिन, प्रतिवादी शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन के सीनियर काउन्सिल श्री इकबाल चागला ने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से पूछा कि सैयदना ताहेर सैफुद्दीन अपनी रिसालत में फरमाते है कि नस “लोगो” के दरमियान होनी चाहिए । सैयदना ने फरमाया कि रिसालत में दरअसल अरबी शब्द “जमाअत” का प्रयोग किया गया है । रसूलुल्लाह स.अ. ने खुद फरमाया है कि एक अकेला मुमिन भी “जमाअत” है (المؤمن وحده جماعة). मनसूस खुद, अकेले ही, नस्स के शाहिद हो तो भी नस्स वैध है।

श्री चागला ने पूछे हुए एक सवाल, कि क्या नस्स स्पष्ट रूप से होनी चाहिए तो सैयदना ने जवाब फरमाया की नस्स स्पष्ट शब्दों में या स्पष्ट इशारे से होनी चाहिए, जैसे दाउदी बोहरा के मिसाक में ज़िक्र आती है ।

१४वि फेब्रुअरी को, श्री चागला ने इस्माइल बिन अब्दुर्रसूल अल-उज्जैनी (अल-मज्दू) द्वारा लिखी गई फेहरिस्त, जिस में इस्लामी उसूल, क़ानून, तारीख और फलसफत पर लिखी गई कई मोअतबर किताबो की फेहरिस्त बनाई गयी है, उस पर सैयदना से सवाल किया कि क्या आप इस फेहरिस्त को आधिकारिक मान्यता देते है, तो सैयदना ने फरमाया कि यह पूर्ण रूप से स्वीकृत नहीं है क्योंकि इसके लेखक ने, जिसे समाज में अल-मज्दू के नाम से जाना जाता है, उस लेखक ने ४० व़े दाई के खिलाफ़ दुश्मनी और बगावत की थी ।

अल-मज्दू के किताब के बारे में श्री चागला के अन्य प्रश्नों को जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने यह कर अनुमति नहीं दी कि आप पहले यह साबित करें कि क्या बोहरा समाज में अल-मज्दू की किताब को मान्यता प्राप्त है।

आप के इस जवाब के सुबूत के तौर पर अगले दिन १६ फेब्रुअरी को सैयदना ने कोर्ट में ५२वे दाई सैयदना मोहम्मद बुरहानुद्दीन रि.अ. के बयान की वीडियो रेकोर्डिंग पेश की जिसमे आप फ़रमाते है कि दुश्मन मज्दू की कोई भी तसव्वुर को मुमिनीन को माननी नहीं चाहिए और उसके सभी लेखो से बहुत संभालना चाहिए।

श्री चागला ने कोर्ट में ५१ व़े दाई सैयदना ताहेर सैफुद्दीन साहब रि.अ. के बयान की एक ऑडियो रेकोर्डिंग पेश की और शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन की तरफ़ से कोर्ट को यह बताया गया कि इस रेकोर्डिंग में नस्स के बारे में ५१ व़े दाई यह फरमाते है कि नस्स के शाहिदों का होना ज़रूरी है । सैयदना फखरुद्दीन की तरफ से इसी रेकोर्डिंग की, कंप्यूटर पर स्पष्ट की हुइ प्रती कोर्ट में पेश करके सुनाई गई, और सैयदना ने फरमाया कि इस रेकोर्डिंग में कहीं भी अन्य शाहीदो की हाज़री ज़रूरी होने की चर्चा ही नहीं है। हकीकत तो यह है कि सैयदना ताहेर सैफुद्दीन ने “शाहीदो” नहीं फरमाया है बल्के आप ने “कागज़ों” फरमाया है जो स्पष्ट सुनाई दिया जाता है। जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने शब्दों में किये गए इस गंभीर फर्क को नोट कर लिया और कहा कि इसकी अलग तौर पर विशेष जांच होगी।

श्री चागला ने सैयदना से पूछा की क्या २७वे दाई, सैयदना दाऊद बिन क़ुतुबशाह के पास, आप के पद के दावेदार सुलेमान के खिलाफ, अपनी विधिवत नस्स के बारे में  कोई और सबूत मौजूद था, सिवा इस हकीकत के कि आप २६ वे दाई, सैयदना दाऊद बिन अजबशाह के माज़ून थे। सैयदना ने फरमाया कि हाँ, २५ व़े दाई, सैयदना जलाल शम्सुद्दीन ने बयान दिया था कि आप के ख्व़ाब में इमाम ने तशरीफ़ लाकर आप को हुक्म फरमाया कि आप “दोनों दाउद” को, आप के बाद, २६ व़े और २७ व़े दाई के मकाम में काइम करो। सैयदना ने फ़माया की जब २६ व़े दाई ने २७ व़े दाई को अपना मनसूस काइम किया, तब कुछ लोगो ने ऐतराज़ किया। २६ व़े दाई ने ऐतराज़ के लोगो को जवाब दिया कि दरअसल २५ व़े दाई ने ही आपको (२६वे दाई को) सैयदना दाऊद बिन क़ुतुबशाह को अपना मनसूस काइम करने की वसियत की थी।

सैयदना ताहेर फखरुद्दीन ने यह भी कोर्ट को बताया कि ५१वे दाई सैयदना ताहेर सैफुद्दीन ने अपनी रिसालत शरीफ में लिखा है कि सुलैमान सैयदना क़ुतुबशाह के सामने कई सालों तक सजदा बजाता था और मानता था कि आप पर नस्स हुइ है, कुछ साल के बाद उसने दावा कर दिया।

(प्रतिवादी शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुदीन (प्रतिवादी) भी कई सालों तक मूल वादी सैयदना खुज़ैमा कुत्बुद्दीन रि.अ. के सामने सजदा बजाया करते थे, जिसकी विडिओ रेकोर्डिंग बतौर सबूत कोर्ट में पेश की गयी है ।)

माननिय जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने आगे कार्यवाही के लिये २१ और २२ वी मार्च २०१८ की तारीख़ तय की है और आगे ज़रुरत होने पर १०, ११ व १३ अप्रैल २०१८ को कार्यवाही होगी।

by admin at February 20, 2018 02:45 AM

February 18, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

કોર્ટ કેસ ના અખબાર – ૮,૯ અને ૧૨ જાન્યુઆરી ૨૦૧૮.

અલ દાઈ અલ અજલ સૈયદના તાહેર ફખરુદ્દીન ત.ઉ.શ. ની ઝબાની બોમ્બે હાઈ કોર્ટ માં ૮ મી જાન્યુઅરી ૨૦૧૮  ના રોજે બપોરે ૧૨ વાગે ઐતિહાસિક કોર્ટ રૂમ નમ્બર ૪૬ માં શરુ થઇ. સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન દાવત ના કેસ નમ્બર ૩૩૭/૨૦૧૪ માં વાદી (Plaintiff) ની હેસિયત સી સાક્ષી આપી. નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ ના કોર્ટ માં ઝબાની થઇ.

શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન (પ્રતિવાદી) ના વકીલ (સીનીયર કાઉન્સિલ) મોહતરમ ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન ને સવાલો પૂછા.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને દાઉદી બોહરા ની તારીખ (ઈતિહાસ) ના કિતાબ મુન્તઝા ઉલ અખબાર સહી છે કે નહીં એના બારા માં સવાલો પૂછા. સૈયદના એ જવાબ દીધો કે ઝ્યાદાતર એ સહી છે. પણ અમુક જગહ ગલ્તીઓ ભી છે કે જે ગલ્તીઓ માં સી અમુક ની નોંધ જામેઆ સૈફીયાહ દ્વારા છપાએલા મુન્તઝા ઉલ અખબાર ના નુસ્ખા (આવૃત્તિ) ના આખરમાં હાશિયા માં નોંધ ભી છે.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને પૂછું કે શું સબબ સી આપ એમ ન માનવામાં આવ્યું કે શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદીન (પ્રતિવાદી) પર નસ્સ થઇ છે. સૈયદના એ જવાબ માં ફર્માયું કે આપ એ શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન ને આપ ના બાવાજી સાહેબ સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન (વાદી) ને ઘણા વર્ષો સુધી સજદો દેતા જોયા છે. એમ અમલ કરીને શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન (પ્રતિવાદી) એ પોતે એમ કબૂલ કીધું કે સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન (મૂળ વાદી) ને સૈયદના બુરહાનુદ્દીન એ આપ ના મનસૂસ કાઈમ ફરમાયા છે અને સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન બાવનમાં દાઈ ને વારિસ થાસે.

સવાલો ના જવાબ દેતા હુઆ સૈયદના એ બે (૨) મૌકા ની ઝિકર કીધી જેમાં બાવનમાં દાઈ સૈયદના બુરહાનુદ્દીન એ શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દ્લ સૈફુદ્દીન જે તરહ સી સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન સાથે પૈશ આવતા હતા (વર્તાવ કરતા) એહના પર પોતાની નારાઝગી જાહેર કીધી.

પેહલો મૌકે – જ્યારે દાવત ની રસ્મ ના ખિલાફ, શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન અને એના ભાઈઓ સૈયદના બુરહાનુદ્દીન ના ૧૦૦ માં મીલાદ ની વઅઝ બાદ સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન ના પહેલા જઈને સૈયદના બુરહાનુદ્દીન ને મોઆનકહ ( ગળે વળગી વધામણી આપવા ની રસમ) કરવાની કોશિશ કરી અને બુરહાનુદ્દીન મૌલાએ તેમને રોકીને સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન ને સૌથી પેહલા મોઆનકહ કરવા યાદ ફરમાવ્યા.

બીજો મૌકે – જયારે સૈયદના બુરહાનુદ્દીન ખુદ યે સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન અને આપના બહેન ને ફરમાવ્યું કે આપ એ આપ ના ફર્ઝંદો ને ફરમાવ્યું છે કે સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન ના બારામાં ગલત વાતો ન કરે અને જેમ પહેલા એહ્તેરામ (અદબ) રાખતા હતા તેમ એહ્તેરામ રાખે.

આ બે (૨) મૌકે ની ઝિકર સૈયદના એ ત્યારે ફરમાવી જ્યારે ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને પૂછું કે શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન (પ્રતિવાદી) જે તરહ સી સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન સાથે પેશ આવતા હતા એ વાત પર સૈયદના બુરહાનુદ્દીન એ કોઈ ભી વખ્ત શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદીન પર નારાઝગી (અણગમો) જાહેર કીધી છે?

નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ એ સૈયદના ના ક્રોસ એક્ઝામિનેશન (પરીક્ષણ) વાસ્તે ૧૩, ૧૪ અને ૧૬ મી ફેબ્રુઆરી, ૨૦૧૮ ની તારીખ આપી છે.

by admin at February 18, 2018 04:30 AM

कोर्ट केस के अखबार – ८, ९ और १२ जनवरी, २०१८

अल दाई अल अजल सैयदना ताहेर फखरुद्दीन त.उ.श. की ज़बानी बोम्बे हाई कोर्ट में ८ वी जनवरी २०१८ के रोज़ दोपहर १२ बजे ऐतिहासिक कोर्ट रूम नं ४६ में शुरू हुइ। सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने दावत के केस नं ३३७/२०१४ में वादी की हैसियत से गवाही दी। नामदार जस्टिस गौतम पटेल के कोर्ट में कार्यवाही हुइ।

शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्द्ल सैफुद्दीन (प्रतिवादी) के वकील सीनियर काउन्सिल मोहतरम इक़बाल चागलाने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से कई सवाल पूछे।

इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना को दाउदी बोहरा के इतिहास की एक किताब मुन्तज़ा उल अखबार में लिखे गए वृत्तान्त सही है या गलत इस के बारे में पूछा। सैयदना ने जवाब दिया कि ज्यादातर यह सही है मगर कई जगह गलतियाँ भी पाई गयी है जिन में से कुछ के बारे में टिप्पणीयां जामेआ सैफ़ियाह द्वारा प्रकशित इस किताब के संस्करण के आखर में हाशिये में प्रकाशित भी हुइ है ।

इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना से पूछा कि क्या वजह थी जो आप ने शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन पर नस्स के ऐलान को नहीं माना । सैयदना ने जवाब फरमाया कि आपने खुद शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन को अपने वालिद सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन के सामने सजदा बजाते हुए कई वर्षो तक देखा है। यह अमल करके शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन खुद ने यह स्वीकार किया था कि सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन को सैयदना बुरहानुद्दीन ने अपना मनसूस काइम फरमाया है और सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन बावन वें दाई के वारिस है ।

सवालो के जवाब के दौरान सैयदना ने उन दो घटनाओ का भी ज़िक्र किया कि पिछले वर्षों में, सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन के साथ, जिस तरह शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन अनुचित वर्ताव करते थे, तो बावन वें दाई सैयदना बुरहानुद्दीन ने शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन के प्रति किस तरह अपनी  नाराज़गी जताई।

पहली घटना : सैयदना बुरहानुद्दीन की १०० वी सालगिरह के अवसर पर, वाअज़ के बाद, जब शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन ने दावत की रस्मो के ख़िलाफ़, सैयदना बुरहानुद्दीन को मोआनका करने, (गले मिलकर बधाई देने की रसम) सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन से पहले ही आगे बढ़ गए तो उसी वक्त सैयदना बुरहानुद्दीन ने शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन को मोआनका करने से रोक दिया और सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन को सब से पहले याद फरमा कर आगे बुलाया और आप से, सब से पहले, मोआनका कर के बधाई स्वीकार की।

दूसरा अवसर : सैयदना बुरहानुद्दीन रि.अ. ने खुद सैयदना फखरुद्दीन को, तब आप के साथ आप की बहन भी मौजूद थी, दोनों को रूबरू फ़रमाया की आप ने अपने फ़रज़न्दो को फरमाया है कि सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन के बारे में गलत बातें करना बंध करें और जिस तरह पहले एहतेराम करते आये है वैसे ही एहतेराम से सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन से पेश आये।

इन दोनो जिक्रो को सैयदना ने तब कोर्ट में फरमाया जब इक़बाल चागला ने सैयदना से पूछा कि शेह्ज़ादा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन (प्रतिवादी) जिस तरह सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन के साथ पिछले वर्षों में पेश आते थे, तो क्या उस बात पर कभी सैयदना बुरहानुद्दीन ने अपनी नाराज़गी ज़ाहिर की थी?

नामदार जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने सैयदना के क्रोस एक्जामिनेशन के लिये १३,१४ और १६ वी फेब्रुअरी २०१८ तय की है।

by admin at February 18, 2018 04:15 AM

Bombay High Court Declaratory Suit 13th, 14th & 16th February 2018

The cross-examination of the Plaintiff, Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb (TUS) continued on the 13th, 14th, and 16th of February 2018 in the Hon’ble Bombay High Court.  

On 13th February, Senior Counsel Mr. Iqbal Chagla for the Defendant, Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin, asked the Plaintiff about a treatise of the 51st Dai which states that Nass should be in the presence of “people” from the Dawat. The Plaintiff responded that the translated word “people” is a general meaning and the Arabic word used in the text is ‘jamaat’. He further said that the Prophet Mohammed SA had himself said that “a single believer is a jamaat.”

In response to a question from Mr. Chagla on whether Nass of succession should be explicit, the Plaintiff responded that conferment of Nass must be by a direct statement or clear indication, as is explained in the Dawoodi Bohra misaaq (oath).

On 14th February, Mr. Chagla asked the Plaintiff whether he accepted that the compilation listing Ismaili treatises on law, doctrine and history, authored by Ismail bin Abdurrasool al-Ujjaini (al-Majdu) was an authoritative compilation. The Plaintiff replied that this compilation should not be regarded as fully authoritative, as the author of this compilation, known in the community as the renegade al-Majdu, revolted against the 40th Dai.

Mr. Chagla sought to ask further questions on al-Majdu’s compilation which the Hon’ble Justice Patel disallowed on the grounds that the Defendant would first have to prove that al-Majdu’s compilation was authoritative in the community.

On 16th February, the Plaintiff produced a video recording of the 52nd Dai Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin Saheb RA, in which the 52nd Dai said that “no conceptions of Majdu should be adopted” and that any works authored by al-Majdu should be treated with extreme caution.

Mr. Chagla produced an audio recording of a sermon of the 51st Dai Syedna Taher Saifuddin Saheb RA in which the Defendant claims that the 51st Dai spoke of a requirement of witnesses to nass. The Plaintiff produced an enhanced (for clarity) version of the same recording and said it is clear that no requirement of witnesses is discussed. In fact, he said, the 51st Dai does not even mention witnesses (“shaahido ne bhi”), rather he mentions writings (“kaaghazo ma bhi”). The Hon’ble Justice Patel noted this crucial difference and stated that it would have to be examined separately.

Mr. Chagla asked the Plaintiff if there were any proofs of the 27th Dai’s rightful succession against the rival claimant Sulayman, other than the fact that he was the Mazoon of the 26th Dai. The Plaintiff replied that the 25th Dai had stated that the Imam appeared in a vision before him in a dream and instructed him to appoint both “the two Daud’s” the 26th and the 27th Dais after him. The Plaintiff also said that when the 26th Dai appointed the 27th Dai as Mansoos, some people objected. The 26th Dai responded to the objectors that in fact it is was his predecessor the 25th Dai who had instructed him (26th Dai) to appoint his successor Syedna Daud bin Qutubshah as the 27th Dai.

The Plaintiff also noted that the 51st Dai in his Risalat states that Sulayman accepted the succession of Syedna Qutubshah (the 27th Dai) by performing Sajda to him, before he rebelled a few years later.

(The Defendant, Shahzada Mufaddal Saifuddin, has prostrated before the Original Plaintiff Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA, and video recordings of this have been submitted in evidence.)

The Hon’ble Justice Patel has scheduled the further cross-examination of the Plaintiff on 21st and 22nd of March 2018 and if required on the 10th, 11th and 13th April 2018.

by admin at February 18, 2018 03:15 AM

February 08, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

كورٹ كيس نا اخبار – ٨، ٩، ١٢ جانيواري ٢٠١٨

الداعي الاجل سيدنا طاهر فخر الدين طع ني زباني بمبئي هاي كورٹ ما ٨ مي ديسمبر ٢٠١٨ دوپهيرے ١٢ واجے شروع تهئي، سيدنا فخر الدين دعوة نا كيس نمبر ٣٣٧\٢٠١٤ ما پلينتيف (plaintiff) ني حيثية سي گواهي آپي، نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل نا كورٹ ما زباني تهئي،

شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) نا senior counsel محترم اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا فخرالدين نے سؤالو پوچها،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے داؤدي بهره ني تاريخ نا كتاب منتزع الاخبار صحيح چهے كه نهيں اهنا بارا ما سؤالو پوچها، سيدنا يه جواب ديدو كه زيادة تر (mostly) يه صحيح چهے، مگر كتنيك جگه غلطيو بهي چهے، كه جه ما سي بعض ني نوندهـ جامعة سيفية نا نشر كيدهيلا منتزع الاخبار نا نسخة نا آخر ما هوامش ما بهي چهے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے پوچهو كه سوں سبب سي آپئے نه مانو كه شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) پر نص تهئي چهے، سيدنا يه جواب ما فرمايو كه آپئے شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) نے آپنا باواجيصاحب سيدنا قطب الدين (original plaintiff) نے گهنا ورسو تك سجده ديتا ديكها چهے، ايم عمل كري نے شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) يه خد ايم قبول كيدو كه سيدنا قطب الدين (original plaintiff) نے سيدنا برهان الدين يه آپنا منصوص قائم فرمايا چهے انے سيدنا قطب الدين باونما داعي نے وارث تهاسے،

سؤالو نا جواب ديتا هوا سيدنا يه بے (٢) موقع ني ذكر كيدي جه ما باونما داعي سيدنا برهان الدين يه شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) جه طرح سي سيدنا قطب الدين (original plaintiff) ساتهے پيش آؤتا تها اهنا پر نارازگي ظاهر كيدي،

پهلو موقع، جيوارے دعوة ني رسم نا خلاف، شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) انے اهنا بهائيو باونما داعي نا سو (١٠٠) ما ميلاد ني وعظ بعد سيدنا قطب الدين (original plaintiff) نا پهلے باونما داعي نے معانقة كراوني كوشش كيدي انے باونما داعي يه ايم كروا سي روكا،

بيجو موقع جيوارے باونما داعي يه خد سيدنا فخرالدين انے آپنا بهن نے فرمايو كه آپئے آپنا فرزندو نے فرمايو كه سيدنا قطب الدين (original plaintiff) نا بارا ما غلط وات (disrespectful) نه كرے انے جيم پهلے احترام راكهتا تها ايم راكهے،

آ بے (٢) موقع ني ذكر سيدنا يه فرماوي جيوارے اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے پوچهو كه شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) جه طرح سي سيدنا قطب الدين (original plaintiff) ساتهے پيش آؤتا تها يه وات پر باونما داعي يه كوئي بهي وقت شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) پر نارازگي ظاهر كيدي چهے،

نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه عائنده سيدنا نا cross examination نا واسطے ١٣مي، ١٤مي انے ١٦ فيبرواري ٢٠١٨ تاريخ آپي چهے،

by admin at February 08, 2018 04:30 AM

January 26, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

January 25, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

January 24, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court Declaratory Suit 8th, 9th & 12th January 2018

The recording of the evidence of His Holiness Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb TUS, the Plaintiff in Suit 337/2014, which had been originally filed by his predecessor His Holiness the Late Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin Saheb RA (the Original Plaintiff) in the Hon’ble Bombay High Court, continued on the 8th, 9th and 12th of January 2018, presided over by the Hon’ble Justice Gautam Patel.

Mr. Chagla asked various questions on the veracity of the Dawoodi Bohra history text Muntaza al-Akhbar. The Plaintiff responded that “mostly, it is” correct but explained that there were a number of inaccuracies, some of which were set out in endnotes to the text published by Aljamea-tus-Saifiyah.

Mr. Chagla asked for what reasons the Plaintiff did not believe that Nass had been performed on the Defendant. The Plaintiff responded that he had witnessed the Defendant doing sajda (prostration) to his father (the Original Plaintiff) for many years, thereby the Defendant himself accepted that the Original Plaintiff was appointed as Mansoos and would succeed the 52nd Dai.

Among his answers to other questions asked by Mr. Chagla, the Plaintiff highlighted two instances where the 52nd Dai His Holiness Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin Saheb had personally disapproved of the conduct of the Defendant towards the Original Plaintiff. The first being when, in breach of protocol, the Defendant and his brothers tried to come ahead of the Original Plaintiff to embrace the 52nd Dai at the Sermon of his 100th centenary birthday, the 52nd Dai stopped them from doing so. In the second instance the 52nd Dai personally told the Plaintiff and his sister that he had told his children to stop talking about the Original Plaintiff in disrespectful ways and to offer the same respect to the Original Plaintiff as they had done before.

These instances were given in response to Mr. Chagla’s question that had the 52nd Dai ever disapproved of the Defendant’s conduct towards the Original Plaintiff.

The Hon’ble Justice Patel has scheduled the further cross-examination of the Plaintiff on 13th, 14th, and 16th of February 2018.

by admin at January 24, 2018 09:45 AM

January 13, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

January 10, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

હાઈ કોર્ટ કેસ ના અખબાર તા. ૮, ૧૧ અને ૧૨ મી ડીસેમ્બર ૨૦૧૭

અલ દાઈ અલ અજલ સૈયદના તાહેર ફખરુદ્દીન ત.ઉ.શ. ની ઝબાની બોમ્બે હાઈ કોર્ટ માં ૮ મી ડીસેમ્બર ૨૦૧૭ ના રોજે બપોરે ૧૨ વાગે ઐતિહાસિક કોર્ટ રૂમ નમ્બર ૪૬ માં શરુ થઇ. સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન દાવત ના કેસ નમ્બર ૩૩૭/૨૦૧૪ માં વાદી (Plaintiff) ની હેસિયત સી સાક્ષી આપી. નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ ના કોર્ટ માં ઝબાની થઇ.

સૈયદના (Plaintiff) એ બરકતવંતા કુરઆન મજીદ હાથ માં લઈને કસમ ખાઈ ને બિસ્મિલ્લાહ પઢીને ઝબાની શરુ કરી.

સૈયદના ને પહેલા આપણા વકીલ મોહતરમ આનંદ દેસાઈ એ (ડી.એસ.કે.લીગલ) એ સવાલો પૂછા. નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ એ ભી સૈયદના ને સવાલો પૂછા.

આનંદ દેસાઈ એ સૈયદના ને દાઉદી બોહરા કૌમ ના ઈતિહાસ વિષે સવાલ પૂછો, સૈયદના એ ફરમાયું કે દાઉદી બોહરા કૌમ ઈસ્માઈલી શિયા છે, કે જે ઈમામ ઈસ્માઈલ અ.સ. ને તાબે થયા અને ઈસ્માઈલી શિયા ની માન્યતા એમ છે કે વારીસ પર નસ્સ કર્યા પછી તે નસ્સ બદલાઈ ભી   નહીં અને પાછી ખેંચાઈ ભી નહીં. આ માન્યતા દાઉદી બોહરા કૌમ ના અકીદા ના સિદ્ધાંત માં થી છે. આ માન્યતા ઈસ્માઈલી શિયા ની માન્યતા અને બીજા લોગો જે મૂસા કાઝીમ ને તાબે થયા એની માન્યતા ના વચ્ચે નો ફરક છે. બીજા સગલા એમ માને છે કે ઈસ્માઈલ ઈમામ ની નસ્સ પાછી ખેંચાઈ ગઈ અને જાઅફરુસ સાદિક ઈમામ એ પછી મૂસા કાઝીમ પર નસ્સ કીધી.

( આ કેસ ના વિવાદિત મુદ્દાઓ માં સી એક મુદ્દો એ છે કે શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન (પ્રતિવાદી) તરફથી કોર્ટ માં એમ સોગંદપૂર્વક નિવેદન આપવામાં આવ્યું છે કે નસ્સ બદલી ભી શકાઈ છે અને નસ્સ પાછી ભી ખેંચી શકાઈ છે.

આનંદ દેસાઈ એ પછી સૈયદના ને પૂછું કે દાઉદી બોહરા કૌમ ના ઇલ્મ (જ્ઞાન) ના સ્ત્રોત કયા છે. સૈયદના એ જવાબ ફરમાયો કે કિતાબો ની તરતીબ (ક્રમ) માં સૌથી વધીને કુરઆન મજીદ છે. તે પછી રસુલુલ્લાહ સ.અ. ની હદીસ અને ઇમામો ના કલામ, એજ મરતબા (સ્થાન) પર દોઆતો ની કિતાબો છે. સૈયદના એ તફસીર (વિસ્તૃત વર્ણન) કરી કે કિતાબો નોંધ ની મિસલ છે અને દોઆતો જે એની શફહી (મૌખિક) માઅના (અર્થ) બયાન કરે તે સગલા સી વધીને છે, કેમ કે તે કિતાબો ની સહી માઅના અને તફસીર છે.

સૈયદના એ ફર્માયું કે આપ આ કેસ માં અકીદા (માન્યતા) ના મુદ્દાઓ સાબિત કરવા માટે ૫૧ માં દાઈ સૈયદના તાહેર સૈયદના રી.અ. અને ૫૨ માં દાઈ સૈયદના મોહમ્મદ બુરહાનુદ્દીન રી.અ. ના મૌખિક બયાનો અને તફસીર પર એતેમાદ કરશે (પુરાવા આપશે).

નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ એ સૈયદના ને પૂછું કે જે વખ્તે નસ્સ થાય તે સમયે શું એમ જરૂરી છે કે બીજા લોકૉ ને ભી ખબર હોઈ કે નસ્સ થઇ છે, તો સૈયદના એ ફર્માવ્યુ કે એમ જરૂરી નથી અને અનિવાર્ય નથી કે બીજા લોકોને ખબર હોઈ અને ફરમાવ્યું કે ઈતિહાસ માં એમ બન્યું છે કે નસ્સ કીધી હોઈ અને ખાનગી રાખવામાં આવી હોઈ જેથી ખિલાફ (વિરુદ્ધ) ના લોકો દાવત ના સિલસિલા ના નિઝામ (ક્રમ માં) ખલેલ (વિક્ષેપ) કરવાની કોશિશ ના કરે.

આનંદ દેસાઈ એ સૈયદના ને સવાલ કરો કે જયારે એમ બને કે મનસૂસ (ઉત્તરાધિકારી) એના નાસ (પૂર્વાધિકારી) ની હયાતી માં જ વફાત (ગુઝરી જાઈ) થઇ જાઈ ગાદી નશીન થવા પહેલા (દાઈ ના પદ ઉપર આવા પહેલા) તો શું થાય, તો સૈયદના એ જવાબ દીધો કે જયારે નસ્સ થઇ જાઈ તો મનસૂસ તે આલા મકામ (ઊંચા હોદ્દા) માં આ આલમ માં – દુનિયામાં – પોહંચી ચુક્યા છે તા કે એ આલા મકામ માં જન્નત માં પોહંચે છે. અગર મનસૂસ દાઈ ની હયાતીમાં વફાત થઇ જાઈ તો દાઈ તે વખ્ત બીજા મનસૂસ ને નસ્સ કરીને કાઈમ કરે. આ વાત સાબિત કરવાના વાસ્તે સૈયદના એ અમુક મિસાલો (દાખલાઓ) પેશ કીધા. એમાં કુરઆન મજીદ માં સૂરત એ મરયમ ની ૫૩ મી આયત દલીલ માં પેશ કીધી. એ આયત માં હારૂન ને, કે જે હારૂન મૂસા નબી ના મનસૂસ હતા, યે હારૂન ને કુરઆન મૂસા ના જ મકામ માં, યાની નબી ગરદાને (માને) છે. હારૂન વફાત થયા પછી  મૂસા એ બીજા મનસૂસ ને કાઈમ કીધા.

આનંદ દેસાઈ એ સૈયદના ને પૂછું કે સજદો જે ઈબાદત વાસ્તે હોઈ અને તે સજદો કે જે ઈમામ  યા એના દાઈ ને કરે એમાં ફરક શું છે. સૈયદના એ ફરમાવ્યું કે ઈબાદત નો સજદો ફક્ત અલ્લાહ તઆલા ને થાય. જે ઈમામ યા દાઈ ને સજદો કરે એ સજદા ને “તકબીલુલ અર્દ” (યાને ઝમીન ને ચૂમવું) ભી કેહવાઈ છે અને એ એહ્તેરામ (માન) અને અઝમત (આદર) ની ટોચ સમાન છે.

(આ વાત અગત્ય ની છે કેમકે સૈયદના ની કોર્ટ માં પેશી એમ છે કે ફક્ત ઈમામ યા જે સાહેબ હવે ઈમામ થાનાર છે, યા કે દાઈ અથવા જે હવે દાઈ થાનાર છે, એહને જ સજદો થઇ શકે, શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન – (પ્રતિવાદી) અને એના ભાઈઓ સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન (મૂળ વાદી) ને સજદો કરતા હતા.)

આનંદ દેસાઈ એ સૈયદના ને એમ ભી પૂછું કે એવા કોઈ જુમલાઓ (શબ્દો) છે કે જે દાઈ અને માઝૂન ને સાથે જોડી ને વપરાયા છે. સૈયદના એ મીસાલ ના તૌર (ઉદાહરણ રૂપે) પર આ જુમલાઓ ની ઝિકર કીધી.

  • માઝૂન દાઈ ના જમણા હાથ (યમીન) છે અને દાઈ ના સાથે દાવત કાઈમ કરે છે.
  • દાઈ અને માઝૂન દાવત ના ફર્ઝંદો ના બાવા અને માં છે.
  • માઝૂન દાઈ ના સચ્ચા દોસ્ત (સદીક) છે અને મુમિનીન ના ઉપર શાહિદ (ગવાહ) છે.

સૈયદના એ એમ ભી ગવાહી આપી કે ૫૧ માં દાઈ સૈયદના તાહેર સૈયદના રી.અ. યે જે સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન રી.અ. ને મિસાલ (કાગઝ, પત્ર) લખેલ હતો, એ મિસાલ ને સૈયદના મોહમ્મદ બુરહાનુદ્દીન રી.અ. નઝર ફરમાવે છે એની અમુક તસ્વીરો (ફોટાઓ) છે. સૈયદના બુરહાનુદ્દીન અને સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન બંને એ તસ્વીર માં નજર આવે છે, અને સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન એ તે ફોટા ખેંચ્યા છે, એ મિસાલ માં ૫૧ માં દાઈ યે વાઝેઅ ઇશારા (ચોક્ખા સંકેતો) કીધા છે કે સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન (મૂળ વાદી) ૫૩ માં દાઈ થાશે.

નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ એ સૈયદના ને પૂછું કે આપ ૫૧ માં દાઈ અને ૫૨ માં દાઈ ની વાઅઝો ની ઓડીઓ અને વિડીઓ રેકોર્ડીંગ પર શું કામ એતેમાદ (નિર્ભરતા) કર્યો છે, સૈયદના એ જવાબ ફરમાવ્યો કે આ રેકોર્ડીંગ પર એતેમાદ એ વાસ્તે કર્યો છે કેમ કે અકીદા (માન્યતા) ના કેટલાક મહત્ત્વ ના ઉસૂલ (સિદ્ધાંત) ૫૧ માં દાઈ અને ૫૨ માં દાઈ ના બયાનો વિશ્વસનીય અને મોઅતમદ (પ્રમાણભૂત) છે. એમાં થી કેટલાક ઉસૂલ છે:

  • નસ્સ ખાનગી (private conferment) માં થઇ શકે
  • મનસૂસ પોતાના નફસ (ખુદ) ના માટે અને પોતાના હકમાં  (favour) શહાદત (સાક્ષી) આપી શકે, એમ બતાવવાને કે દાઈ એ આપ ના ઉપર નસ્સ કીધી છે
  • નસ્સ ઇશારા સી થઇ શકે
  • નસ્સ એક વાર કીધા પછી બદલાઈ ભી નહીં અને પાછી ખેંચાઈ ભી નહીં (cannot be changed, revoked or superseded)
  • માઝૂન ના રુતબા નો આલા મકામ (દરજ્જો) અને વિશ્વસનીયતા (credibility) બતાવવા વાસ્તે

સૈયદના નું પરીક્ષણ (examination in chief) તમામ થયુ અને શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન (પ્રતિવાદી) ના વકીલ (senior council) મોહતરમ ઇક્બાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન નું પરીક્ષણ (cross examination) શરુ કીધું.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને આપની નિજી બાબતો (personal background) ના બારામાં ઘણા સવાલો પૂછા, ખાસ્સતન સૈયદના નું શિક્ષણ, આપના રહેઠાણ, આપના વ્યાપાર અને આપ ના પરિવાર ને લાગતા વળગતા સવાલો પૂછા.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને દાવત ના અસરાર (ભેદ) અને ખાસ ઇલ્મ નો સવાલ કીધો કે જેના સી આપ ને સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન (મૂળ વાદી) એ ખાસ કીધા અને પૂછું કે એ ઇલ્મ શું કામ આપું. સૈયદના એ જવાબ ફરમાવ્યો કે આ ખાસ ઇલ્મ આપું તાકે આપ દાઈ અને દાવતની ખિદમત કરી શકે. ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ પૂછું કે શું સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન  સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન સી દાઈ અને દાવત ની ખિદમત ની શું ઉમ્મીદ રાખતા હતા, સૈયદના એ જવાબ દીધો કે જેમ સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન એ દાઈ અને દાવત ની ખિદમત કીધી એમ, ઇખ્લાસ (નિષ્ઠા) અને નશાત (devotion)  ના સાથે.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ સૈયદના ને સવાલ કરો કે જયારે વિવાદ ઉભો થાય કે દાઈ કોણ છે, તો એમાં માઝૂન નું શું અમલ (ભૂમિકા) હોઈ. સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન એ ફરમાવ્યું કે દાઈ કોણ છે એ વિવાદ ના વખ્ત માં માઝૂન નો કૌલ મોતમદ (પ્રમાણભૂત) અને વિશ્વસનીય રહ્યો છે.

સૈયદના ફખરુદ્દીન ને પૂછું કે આપે ક્યારે એમ જાણું કે આપના બાવાજી સાહેબ ૫૩ માં દાઈ સૈયદના ખુઝૈમા કુત્બુદ્દીન ૫૨ માં દાઈ સૈયદના મોહમ્મદ બુરહાનુદ્દીન ના વારસ છે, સૈયદના એ જવાબ ફરમાવ્યો કે એ સમય ના સાથે વધુ અને વધુ માલુમ પડતું ગયું (it was a progression).  નાની ઉંમર સી જેમ વખ્ત પસાર થતો ગયો તેમ ઝ્યાદા અને ઝ્યાદા માલુમ પડતું ગયું. અને ૫૨ માં દાઈ ના શેહ્ઝાદાઓ, અને શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન (પ્રતિવાદી) સહિત, સગલા સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન ને સજદો  દેતા અને ૫૨ માં દાઈ અને સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન ને સાથે કરીને “બેવે મૌલા” કહીને ખિતાબ (સંબોધન) કરતા હતા. એ સગલા ના અમલ એ ભી મને એમ ઝ્યાદા બતાવું.

ઇકબાલ ચાગલા એ અખબાર (સમાચાર પત્ર) માં છપાયેલા એક લેખ કોર્ટ માં પુરાવા રૂપે પેશ કીધો. તે જ લેખ પહેલા સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન એ આપે કોર્ટ માં રજુ કરેલી મૂળ અરજીમાં માં પેશ કીધો હતો પણ તે વખ્તે પ્રતિવાદી શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદીન એ તે માન્ય ન્હોતો રાખ્યો. સમાચાર પત્રો માં છપાયેલા આ લેખ માં હિન્દુસ્તાન ના ભૂતપૂર્વ ચીફ જસ્ટીસ (સુપ્રીમ કોર્ટ ના સર્વોચ્ચ ન્યાયધીશ) નામદાર જસ્ટીસ અઝીઝ એહમદી ના નિવેદન વિષે છે, જેમને કહ્યું હતું કે “મેં દસ્તાવેજો ની ધ્યાનપૂર્વક તપાસ કરી છે અને મને એમ યકીન છે કે સૈયદના કુત્બુદ્દીન નું કેહવું કે આપ ૫૩ માં દાઈ છે, તેની બુનિયાદ  સિદ્ધાંત પર આધારિત છે.” (“ I examined the documents and I beleive that Syedna Qutbudin’s stand of the 53 rd Dai is principled”)

નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ એ આ લેખ ને શેહ્ઝાદા મુફદ્દલ સૈફુદ્દીન (પ્રતિવાદી) ના પુરાવા (exhibit) તરીકે રેકોર્ડ પર લીધો છે.

નામદાર જસ્ટીસ ગૌતમ પટેલ એ સૈયદના ના પરીક્ષણ (cross examination) ના વાસ્તે ૮ મી, ૯ મી, અને ૧૨ મી જાન્યુઆરી, ૨૦૧૮ એ તારીખ આપી છે.

by admin at January 10, 2018 05:00 PM

लीगल अपडेट – कोर्ट केस के अखबार – ता: ८, ११ व १२ दिसंबर २०१७

८ दिसंबर २०१७ के दिन, दोपहर १२ बजे बॉम्बे हाई कोर्ट के तारीखी कोर्ट रूम, रूम नंबर ४६ में अल-दाई अल-अजल सैयदना ताहेर फखरुद्दीन (त.उ.श.) की गवाही शुरू हुई. आपने दावत के केस नंबर ३३७/२०१४ में प्लेंटिफ की हैसियत से गवाही दी. नामदार जस्टिस गौतम पटेल के कोर्ट में यह कार्यवाही हुई.

सैयदना (त.उ.श.) (प्लेंटिफ) ने मुतबर्रक कुरआने मजीद को हाथ में ले कर कसम खाई और बिस्मिल्लाह पढके गवाही शुरू फरमाई.

पहले सैयदना (त.उ.श.) को आपके वकील श्री आनंद देसाई ने सवालात पूछे. नामदार जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने भी कई सवालात पूछे.

श्री आनंद देसाई ने सैयदना (त.उ.श.) को दाउदी बोहरा कौम के इतिहास के बारे में प्रश्न पूछाs. सैयदना ने फरमाया कि दाउदी बोहरा कौम इस्माईली शिआ है जो इमाम इस्माईल (अ.स.) के अत्बा है और इस्माईली शिआ की मान्यता है कि वारिस पर की गई नस्स को कभी भी बदला नहीं जाता है और न कभी वापस लिया जाता है. यह मान्यता दाउदी बोहरा कौम के अकीदे के बुनियादी उसूलों में से है. यह मान्यता इस्माईली शिआ के अलावा दूसरें लोग जो मूसा काज़िम को इमाम मानते है उनसे अलग है. मूसा काज़िम के अत्बा यह मानते है कि इस्माईल इमाम पर की हुई नस्स वापस ले ली गई और इमाम जाफरुस सादिक (अ.स.) ने मूसा काज़िम पर नस्स फरमाई.

(इस केस के मुद्दों में से एक अति महत्त्व का मुद्दा यह है कि शेहज़दा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन (प्रतिवादी/डिफेन्डंट) का यह कहना है कि नस्स बदली भी जा सकती है और वापस भी ली जा सकती है)

उसके बाद श्री आनंद देसाई ने सैयदना से पूछा कि दाउदी बोहरा कौम में इल्म के स्रोत कौन से है. सैयदना ने जवाब फरमाया कि किताबों की तरतीब में सब से ऊँचे स्थान पर कुरआने मजीद है. उसके बाद रसुलुल्लाह (स.अ.व.) की हदीस और अइम्मत के कलाम. दोआतों की किताबों का भी यही दरजा है. सैयदना ने तफसीर फरमाई कि किताबों में जो इल्म है वह लिखित है और उस इल्म का अर्थ जो दोआतों ने मौखिक रूप से अपने बयानो फरमाया है वह सब से महत्त्वपूर्ण है क्योंकि वह किताबों में लिखित इल्म का सही अर्थ है.

सैयदना ने फरमाया कि इस केस में अकीदे के बारे में उमूर में अपनी बात साबित करने के लिए आप ५१ वे दाई सैयदना ताहेर सैफुद्दीन (री.अ.) और ५२ वे दाई सैयदना मोहम्मद बुरहानुद्दीन (री.अ.) के मौखिक बयानों और तफसीरों का उपयोग करेंगे.

जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने सैयदना को पुछा कि नस्स करते समय या उसके बाद क्या यह अनिवार्य है कि अन्य लोगों को भी नस्स के बारे मे सूचित किया जाए ? सैयदना ने फरमाया कि ऐसा ज़रूरी या अनिवार्य नहीं है कि दूसरों को पता हो, और फरमाया कि तारीख में ऐसे कई उदाहरण है कि नस्स करने के बाद उसे अत्यंत गुप्त रखा जाए. इसका एक कारण यह भी है कि मनसूस के खिलाफ के लोग दोआत के सिलसिले में खलल करने की कोशिष न कर पाए.

श्री आनंद देसाई ने सैयदना को पूछा कि जब मन्सूस अपने नास की हयाती में ही अर्थात गादी नशीन होने से पहले ही वफात हो जाए, तो क्या प्रावधान है. सैयदना ने जावाब फरमाया कि जब मन्सूस पर नस्स कर दी जाए तो मन्सूस इस आलम मे – दुनिया मे – उस आला मकाम में पहुँच ही जाते है और फिर जन्नत में भी उसी आला मकाम में पहुँचते है. अगर मन्सूस दाई की हयात में वफात हो जाए तो दाई नस्स कर के दूसरें मन्सूस को काइम फरमाते है. इस बात को साबित करने के लिए सैयदना ने कुछ मिसालें दलील के रूप में पेश की. उन में से एक सुरतुल मरियम की ५३ वी आयत बताई. इस आयत में हारुन (अ.स.) को, जो मूसा नबी (स.अ.) के मन्सूस है, उन्हें कुरआने मजीद में मूसा के मकाम में अर्थात नबी के मकाम में बताया गया है. हारुन (अ.स.) के वफात के बाद मूसा (स.अ.) नबी ने दूसरें मन्सूस को काइम फरमाया.

श्री आनंद देसाई ने सैयदना से पूछा कि इबादत के सजदे में और वह सजदे में जो इमाम और दाई को किया जाता है उसमें क्या फर्क है? सैयदना ने फरमाया कि इबादत का सजदा सिर्फ अल्लाह तआला को किया जाता है. जो सजदा इमाम या दाई को किया जाता है उसे तक्बीलुल अर्द (यानी ज़मीन को चूमना) भी कहते है और यह एहतेराम व अज़मत की निहायत है.

(यह बहुत अहम मसला है क्योंकि सैयदना ने कोर्ट में यह पेश किया है कि सजदा सिर्फ इमाम, या आप के मनसूस जो इमाम बनेंगे, दाई या या आप के मनसूस जो दाई बनेंगे, उन्हें ही किया जा सकता है. शेहज़दा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन (डिफेन्डंट) और उनके भाई सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन (री.अ.) को सजदा करते थे.)

श्री आनंद देसाई ने सैयदना से यह भी पूछा कि ऐसे कोइ जुमले है जिनका उपयोग दाई और माज़ून को साथ में जोड़ कर संबोधन किया जाता है. सैयदना ने मिसाल की तौर पर इन जुमलों की ज़िकर फरमाई

  • माज़ून दाई के दाहिने हाथ (यमीन) है और दाई के साथ दावत काइम करते है.
  • दाई और माज़ून मुमेनीन के रूहानी बावा और माँ है.
  • माज़ून दाई के सच्चे दोस्त (सदीक) है और मुमेनीन पर शाहिद है.

सैयदना ने उन तस्वीरों के बारे में भी गवाही दी, जो आपने ली थी, जब सैयदना बुरहानुद्दीन (री.अ.) उस मिसाल (सन्देश/पत्र) को पढ़ रहे थे जिसे सैयदना ताहेर सैफुद्दीन (री.अ.) ने सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन (री.अ.) को अपने ही ख़त से लिखा था. सैयदना बुरहानुद्दीन (री.अ.) और सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन (री.अ.) इन तस्वीरों में साथ नज़र आते है. उस मिसाल में ५१ वे दाई सैयदना ताहेर सैफुद्दीन (री.अ.) ने स्पष्ट संकेत दिए है कि सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन (री.अ.) ५३ वे दाई काइम होंगे.

नामदार जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने सैयदना से पूछा कि आप ५१ वे दाई और ५२ वे दाई की वाअज़ों की ऑडियो वीडियो रेकोर्डिंग पर किस वजह से निर्भर होना चाहते है? सैयदना ने जवाब फरमाया कि इन रेकोर्डिंग पर आपका एतेमाद इसलिए है क्योंकि अकीदे के कईं महत्त्व के उसूलों के बारे में उनके बयान आधिकारिक और प्रामाणित है, जैसे:

  • नस्स खानगी या गुप्त तरीके से भी की जा सकती है.
  • मन्सूस अपने आप के लिए और अपने हक में शहादत/गवाही दे सकते है यह बताने के लिए कि दाई ने उन पर नस्स फरमाई है.
  • नस्स इशारे से हो सकती है.
  • एक बार नस्स कर दी जाए फिर वह बदली भी नहीं जा सकती और वापस भी नहीं ली जा सकती.
  • माज़ून का आला मरतबा और माज़ून की विश्वसनीयता साबित करने के लिए.

सैयदना के परिक्षण (अं: एक्जामिनेशन इन चीफ) के बाद शेहज़दा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन (डिफेन्डंट) के वकील श्री इकबाल चागला ने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन (...) का परीक्षण (अं: क्रोस एक्जामिनेशन) शुरू किया.

श्री इकबाल चागला ने सैयदना को आपकी हयात के बारे में कई प्रश्न पूछे खास कर के आपकी तालीम के बारे में, आपके निवासस्थान के बारे में, आपके व्यवसाय के बारे में और आपके पारिवारिक मामलों के बारे में.

श्री चागला ने सैयदना को दावत के उन असरार और खास इल्म के बारे में पूछा जिस इल्म से सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन ने आपको नवाज़ा और यह भी पूछा की यह इल्म देने का उद्देश्य क्या था. सैयदना ने जवाब फरमाया कि यह खास इल्म आपको इसलिए बख्शा गया ताकि आप दाई और दावत की खिदमत कर सके. श्री चागला ने पूछा कि सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन को सैयदना फखरुद्दीन से, दाई और दावत की खिदमत की कैसी उम्मीदें थी. सैयदना ने जवाब दिया कि यह उम्मीद थी कि जिस तरह सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन ने दाई और दावत की खिदमत की, इखलास व नशात से, उसी तरह आप भी खिदमत करे.

श्री चागला ने सैयदना से पूछा कि जब कभी यह विवाद हो  कि दाई कौन है, तो इस इख्तिलाफ को सुलझाने में माज़ून की क्या भूमिका होती है? सैयदना फखरुद्दीन ने फरमाया कि इतिहास में हुए ऐसे विवाद के समय में माज़ून के कौल (कथन) को मौतमद (विश्वसनीय) और आधिकारिक माना गया है.

सैयदना से पूछा गया कि आपको कब यह मालूम हुआ के आपके वालिद ५३ वे दाई सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन ५२ वे दाई सैयदना बुरहानुद्दीन के वारिस है. आपने फरमाया कि यह एहसास धीरे धीरे होता गया. छोटी आयु से धीरे धीरे यह मालूमात हासिल हुई और ५२ वे दाई के शेहजादें व शेहज़ादियां जिनमें शेहज़दा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन (डिफेन्डंट) भी शामिल है, वे सब सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन को सजदा करते थे और ५२ वे दाई और सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन को साथ में “बेवे मौला” (दोनों मौला) कह कर संबोधित करते थे। आपने फरमाया कि इन आमाल से भी मुझे इल्म हुआ.

श्री चागला ने सबूत के तौर पर अख़बार में प्रकाशित हुए एक लेख को कोर्ट में पेश किया. पहले इसी लेख को सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन ने अपने प्लेंट (वाद-पत्र) में पेश किया था लेकिन उस समय शेहज़दा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन (डिफेन्डंट) ने इसे कबूल नहीं किया था. इस लेख में भारत के पूर्व मुख्य न्यायाधीश (सुप्रीम कोर्ट के चीफ जस्टिस) नामदार जस्टिस अज़ीज़ अहमदी द्वारा जारी किये गये बयान का उल्लेख था कि, “मैंने दस्तावजों को गौर से पढ़ा और जांचा है और इस निष्कर्ष पर आया हूँ कि सैयदना कुत्बुद्दीन का कहना कि वे ५३ वे दाई है, यह सिद्धांतों पर आधारित है.” (“ I examined the documents and I beleive that Syedna Qutbudin’s stand of the 53 rd Dai is principled”)

जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने इस लेख को शेहज़दा मुफद्दल सैफुद्दीन (डिफेन्डंट) का दाखला (exhibit) मानते हुए मंज़ूर किया है और रेकॉर्ड पर ले लिया है.

जस्टिस गौतम पटेल ने सैयदना फखरुद्दीन (प्लेंटिफ) के परिक्षण (cross examination) के लिए तारीख ८,९ और १२ जनवरी, २०१८ निर्धारित की है.

by admin at January 10, 2018 05:00 PM

January 07, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

January 03, 2018

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Legal Update – كورٹ كيس نا اخبار – ٨، ١١، ١٢ ديسمبر ٢٠١٧

الداعي الاجل سيدنا طاهر فخر الدين طع ني زباني بمبئي هاي كورٹ ما ٨ مي ديسمبر ٢٠١٧ دوپهيرے ١٢ واجے تاريخي كورٹروم نمبر ٤٦ ما شروع تهئي، سيدنا فخر الدين دعوة نا كيس نمبر ٣٣٧\٢٠١٤ ما پلينتيف (plaintiff) ني حيثية سي گواهي آپي، نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل نا كورٹ ما زباني تهئي،

سيدنا (plaintiff) يه متبرك قران مجيد هاتهـ ما لئي نے قسم كهائي نے بسم الله پرهي نے زباني شروع كيدي،

سيدنا نے پهلے آپنا وكيل محترم آنند ديسائي (DSK Legal) يه سؤالو پوچها، نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه بهي كتناك سؤالو پوچها،

آنند ديسائي يه سيدنا نے داؤدي بهره قوم ني تاريخ نا باره ما سؤال پوچهو ، سيدنا يه فرمايو كه داؤدي بهره قوم اسماعيلي شيعة چهے، كه جه امام إسماعيل عم نے تابع تهيا، انے اسماعيلي شيعة ني مانييتا ايم چهے كه وارث پر نص كيدا پچهي يه نص بدلائي بهي نه انے كهيچائي بهي نه، آ مانيتا داؤدي بهره قوم نا عقيدة نا أصول ما سي چهے، آ مانييتا اسماعيلي شيعة نے بيسرا لوگو جه موسى كاظم نے تابع تهيا اهما ا مانيتا نو فرق چهے ، يه سگلا ايم مانے چهے كه إسماعيل امام ني نص كهيچائي گئي انے جعفر الصادق امام يه پچهي موسى كاظم پر نص كيدي،

(آ كيس نا مُدّه ؤ ما سي ايك مُدّة ني وات يه چهے كه شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) ايم كهے چهے كه نص بدلي بهي سكائي نے كهيچي بهي سكائي)

آنند ديسائي يه پچهي سيدنا نے پوچهو كه داؤدي بهره قوم ما علم نا مصادر سوں چهے، سيدنا يه جواب فرمايو كه كتابو ني ترتيب ما سگلا سي ودهي نے قران مجيد چهے، ته پچهي رسول الله صلع ني حديث انے امامو نا كلام، يه ج مرتبة پر دعاتو ني كتابو چهے، سيدنا يه تفسير كيدي كه كتابو نوندهـ ني مثل چهے، انے جه دعاتو اهني معنى شفهي (oral) بيان كرے ته سگلا سي ودهي نے چهے، كيمكه يه كتابو ني صحيح معنى انے تفسير چهے،

سيدنا يه فرمايو كه آپ آ كيس ما عقيدة نا أمور ثابت كروا نا واسطے ٥١ ما داعي سيدنا طاهر سيف الدين رض انے ٥٢ ما داعي سيدنا محمد برهان الدين رض نا شفهي (oral) بيانو انے تفسير پر اعتماد كرسے ،

نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه سيدنا نے پوچهو كه جه وقت ما نص تهائي يا تو يه عرصه ما سوں ايم اهم يا ضروري چه كه بيسرا لوگو نے بهي خبر هو ئي كه نص تهئي چهے ، سيدنا يه فرمايو كه ايم ضروري نتهي انے لازم نتهي كه بيسرا نے خبر هوئي، انے فرمايو كه تاريخ ما مثالو چهے كه نص كيدي هوئي ته خانگي راكهو هوئي تاكه خلاف نا لوگو دعوة نا سلسلة انے نظام ما خلل كروا ني كوشش نه كرے،

آنند ديسائي يه سيدنا نے سؤال كيدو كه جيوارے ايم بنے كه منصوص اهنا ناص ني حياتي ما وفاة تهئي جائي گادي نشين تهاوا پهلے تو كيم تهائي، سيدنا يه جواب ديدو كه جيوارے نص تهئي جائي، تو منصوص يه اعلى مقام ما آ عالم ما – دنيا ما – پهنچي چكا چهے، تاكه يه اعلى مقام يه جنة ما پهنچے چهے. اگر منصوص داعي ني حياتي ما وفاة تهئي جائي تو داعي ته وقت بيسرا منصوص نے نص كري نے قائم كرے، آ وات ثابت كروا نا واسطے سيدنا يه كتناك مثالو پيش كيدا، اهما قران مجيد ما سورة مريم ني ٥٣ مي آية دليل ما پيش كيدي. يه آية ما هارون نے، كه جه هارون موسى نبي نا منصوص هتا، يه هارون نے قران موسى ناج مقام ما، – يعني نبي -گردانے چهے. هارون وفاة تهيا اهنا پچهي موسى يه بيسرا منصوص نے قائم كيدا،

آنند ديسائي يه سيدنا نے پوچهو كه سجدة كه جه عبادة واسطے هوئي انے وه سجده كه جه امام يا داعي نے كرے اهما فرق سوں. سيدنا يه فرمايو كه عبادة نو سجدة فقط الله تعالى نے تهائي، جه امام يا داعي نے سجده كرے، يه سجده نے “تقبيل الأرض” (يعني زمين نے چومبؤ) بهي كهوائي، انے يه احترام انے عظمة ني نهاية چهے،

(آ وات ضروري چهے كيمكه سيدنا ني كورٹ ما پيشي ايم چهے فقط امام يا جه هوے امام تهانار چهے ، يا كه داعي يا جه هوے داعي تهانار چهے ، اهنے ج سجدة تهئي سكے، شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين – (defendant) انے اهنا بهائيو سيدنا قطب الدين (original plaintiff) نے سجده كرتا تها)

آنند ديسائي يه سيدنا نے ايم بهي پوچهو كه ايوا كئي جملة ؤ چهے كه جه داعي نے ماذون نے ساتهے جوري نے وپرائي چهے، سيدنا يه مثال ني طور پر آ جملة ؤ ني ذكر كيدي،

• ماذون داعي نا جمنا هاتهـ (يمين) چهے انے داعي نا ساتهے دعوة قائم كرے چهے.
• داعي نے ماذون دعوة نا فرزندو نا باوا انے ماں چهے.
• ماذون داعي نا سچا دوست (صديق) چهے انے مؤمنين نا اوپر شاهد چهے،

سيدنا يه ايم بهي گواهي آپي ٥١ ما داعي سيدنا طاهر سيف يه جه سيدنا قطب الدين نے مثال (كاغذ) لكها، يه مثال نے سيدنا محمد برهان الدين رض نظر فرماوے چهے اهني كتنيك تصويرو (فوتوگراف) چهے، سيدنا برهان الدين انے سيدنا قطب الدين بيوے تصوير ما نظر آوے چهے، انے سيدنا فخر الدين يه فوتو ليدها چهے، يه مثال ما ٥١ ما داعي يه واضح إشارة كيدا چهے كه سيدنا قطب الدين (original plaintiff) ٥٣ ما داعي تهاسے،

نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه سيدنا نے پوچهو كه آپنے ٥١ ما داعي انے ٥٢ ما داعي ني وعظو ني اوديو انے ويديو ريكوردنگ پر سكام اعتماد (rely) كرؤں چهے، سيدنا يه جواب ما فرمايو كه آ ريكوردنگ پر اعتماد يه واسطے چهے كيمكه عقيدة نا كئينك مهم أصول واسطے ٥١ ما داعي انے ٥٢ ما داعي نا بيانو موثوق انے معتمد چهے (authoritative)، يه ما سي آ كتناك أصول چهے:

• نص خانگي (private conferment) ما تهئي سكے،
• منصوص پوتانا نفس واسطے انے پوتانا favour ما شهادة دئي سكے، ايم بتاوا نے كه داعي يه آپنا اوپر نص كيدي چهے،
• نص إشارة سي تهئي سكے،
• نص ايك وار كيدا پچهي بدلايئ بهي نه انے كهيچائي بهي نه (cannot be changed, revoked or superseded)،
• ماذون نا رتبة نو اعلى مقام انے حقية (credibility) بتاوا واسطے،

سيدنا نو ‘examination in chief’ تمام تهيو انے شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) نا senior counsel محترم اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا فخرالدين نو cross examination شروع كيدو، 

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے آپنا خلفية personal background نا بارا ما گهنا سؤالو پوچها، خاصة سيدنا نا education، آپنا residence، آپنو business، انے آپنا فيملي نا ديگر أمور نا باره ما،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے دعوة نا اسرار انے خاص علم نو سؤال كيدو كه جه نا سي آپنے سيدنا قطب الدين (original plaintiff) يه خاص كيدا، انے پوچهوں كه يه علم سكام آپو، سيدنا يه جواب فرمايو كه آ خاص علم آپو تاكه آپ داعي انے دعوة ني خدمة كري سكے، اقبال چاگلا يه پوچهوں كه سيدنا قطب الدين (original plaintiff) سيدنا فخرالدين (plaintiff) سي داعي انے دعوة ني خدمة نو سوں توقع راكهتا تها، سيدنا يه جواب ديدو كه جيم سيدنا قطب الدين يه داعي نے دعوة ني خدمة كيدي ايم، اخلاص (sincerity) انے نشاط (devotion) نا ساتهے،

اقبال چاگلا يه سيدنا نے سؤال كيدو كه جيوارے اختلاف هوئي كه داعي كون چهے تو اهما ماذون نو سوں عمل (role) هوئي، سيدنا فخر الدين يه فرمايو كه داعي كون چهے يه اختلاف نا وقت ما ماذون نو قول معتمد انے موثوق (authoritative) رهيو چهے،

سيدنا فخر الدين نے پوچهو كه آپئے كيوارے ايم جانو كه آپنا باواجيصاحب ٥٣ ما داعي سيدنا خزيمة قطب الدين ٥٢ ما داعي سيدنا محمد برهان الدين نا وارث چهے، سيدنا يه جواب فرمايو كه يه وقت ساتهے زيادة نے زيادة معلوم پرتو گيو (it was a progression )، چهوتي عمر سي جيم وقت زيادة نے زيادة نكلو تيم معلوم پرتو گيو ، انے ٥٢ ما داعي نا شهزاداؤ شهزاديو، جه ما شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) شمار چهے، سگلا سيدنا قطب الدين نے سجده ديتا تها، انے ٥٢ ما داعي انے سيدنا قطب الدين نے ساتهے كري نے “بيوے مولى” كهي نے خطاب كرتا تها، يه سگلا نا عمل يه بهي منے ايم زيادة بتايو ،

اقبال چاگلا يه اخبار (newspaper) نو ايك مقالة (article) كورٹ نا evidence ما پيش كيدو، يه مقالة پهلے سيدنا قطب الدين يه آپنا plaint ما پيش كيدو تهو مگر پيشتر شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين (defendant) يه قبول نوتو كيدو، آ نيوز پيپر نا مقالة (article) هندستان نا سابق چيف جستيس نامدار جستيس عزيز احمدي نو قول نقل كرے چهے كه “ميں يه كاغذات غور سي نظر كيدا (examine)نے منے ايم يقين چهے كه سيدنا قطب الدين نو كهؤو كه يه ٥٣ ما داعي چهے اهنو بناء أصول پر چهے” (“I examined the documents and believe that Syeddna Qutbuddin’s stand of the 53rd Dai is principled”)، نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه آ مقالة نے شهزاده مفضل سيف الدين نا (defendant) نا exhibit نام پاري record پر ليدهو،

نامدار جستيس گوتم پٹيل يه عائنده سيدنا نا cross examination نا واسطے ٨مي، ٩مي انے ١٢ جانيواري ٢٠١٨ تاريخ آپي چهے،

by admin at January 03, 2018 11:45 AM

December 31, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

December 17, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court Declaratory Suit 8th, 11th & 12th December 2017

The recording of the evidence of His Holiness Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb (TUS), the Plaintiff in Suit 337/2014, which had been originally filed by his predecessor His Holiness the Late Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin Saheb RA in the Hon’ble Bombay High Court, began on the 8th of December 2017 at 12:00pm in the historic Courtroom No. 46, presided over by the Hon’ble Justice Gautam Patel.

The Plaintiff first took the oath, and prayed Bismillah.

The Plaintiff was first examined by his Cousel Mr. Anand Desai of DSK Legal. The Hon’ble Justice Gautam Patel also asked the Plaintiff several questions. 

Mr. Desai asked the Plaintiff to explain the origins of the Dawoodi Bohra community. The Plaintiff replied that Dawoodi Bohras are Shia Ismaili Muslims, followers of Imam Ismail AS.. Syedna Saheb explained that Ismaili Shia’s believe that nass of succession, once conferred, cannot be revoked, changed, superseded or replaced and that is a core Dawoodi Bohra theological doctrine. This was the basic difference in belief from the followers of Musa Kazim, who believed that the nass on Ismail was revoked, and nass was then conferred on Musa Kazim by Imam Jafer us-Sadiq.

(An issue is of central importance in this succession case is that the defendant, Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin, is saying that nass can be revoked, superseded, replaced or changed.)

Mr. Desai asked the Plaintiff about the sources of doctrinal knowledge in the Dawoodi Bohra community. The Plaintiff answered that in the hierarchy of texts, the highest would be the Holy Qur’an, the hadith of Mohammed Rasulullah SA, and the sayings of the Imams. At the same level are books of the Dais. The Plaintiff explained that the books are like notes, and it is the oral interpretations provided by the Dais that are considered the highest level, as they are the authentic interpretations of the texts.

The Plaintiff said that he is also relying on oral interpretations given by the 51st Dai His Holiness the Late Syedna Taher Saifuddin Saheb RA and the 52nd Dai His Holiness the Late Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin Saheb RA to establish issues of belief and doctrine in this case.

The Hon’ble Justice Gautam Patel asked the Plaintiff whether it is important or necessary for others to know of the conferment of nass at or around the time when it is conferred. The Plaintiff replied that it is not compulsory or necessary, and that there are historical precedents of keeping such a conferment private, including to prevent opposing forces from attempting a disruption in the chosen order of Dais.

Mr. Desai asked the Plaintiff to provide an explanation for the case of private nass, where the nass is communicated only from the appointer to the appointed. The Plaintiff answered that not only is this possible, but gave several historical examples of when this has been previously done. The Plaintiff also stated that he has personally heard the 52nd Dai on multiple occasions say that private nass is valid and there are audio recordings of the 51st Dai saying this.

Mr. Desai asked the Plaintiff to explain the case where a mansoos (successor) dies before he assumes office as Dai. The Plaintiff explained that once nass is conferred, the mansoos has already reached the high station in this world and will attain the same high station in heaven. The Dai would anoint a new mansoos by conferring nass on him in case his mansoos passes away during the lifetime of the Dai. In support of this, among other examples, the Plaintiff quoted the Holy Quran (Ch. 19: Verse 53:  53rd verse of Surat Maryam) which states that Prophet Haroon (Aaron), the mansoos (appointed successor) of Prophet Musa (Moses), is referred to as having the same station as Musa himself, that of Nabi (Prophet). Another mansoos was appointed after Prophet Haroon passed away.

Mr. Desai asked the Plaintiff what is the difference between Sajda (prostration) of worship and Sajda to an Imam or his Dai. The Plaintiff replied that the Sajda for worship can be done only to Allah (God); Sajda to an Imam or his Dai is also denoted as ‘taqbeel al ard’ (meaning kissing of the ground) and is the highest form of respect.

(This point is important because the Plaintiff’s case is that sajda is only done to an Imam, Imam-to-be, his Dai or Dai-to-be. The Defendant and his brothers used to perform Sajda to the Original Plaintiff Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin Saheb.)

Mr. Desai also asked whether there are any expressions used to jointly refer to the Dai and the Mazoon. The Plaintiff, illustratively, named the following:

  • The Mazoon is the right hand of the Dai and jointly takes up the work of the Dawat
  • The Dai and the Mazoon are the spiritual parents of the people of Dawat
  • The Mazoon is the true friend of the Dai and witness upon the believers

The Plaintiff also offered testimony about the photos taken when Syedna Burhanuddin RA viewed the handwritten misaal (letter) written by the 51st Dai Syedna Taher Saifuddin Saheb RA to Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin Saheb RA. Syedna Burhanuddin and Syedna Qutbuddin are visible in the photographs and Syedna Fakhruddin took the photographs. The misaal has clear indications by the 51st Dai that the Original Plaintiff would be the 53rd Dai.

The Hon’ble Justice Gautam Patel asked the Plaintiff the reasons for wanting to rely on audio and video recordings of the 51st and 52nd Dais sermons. The Plaintiff replied that he is relying on these  as they are the authoritative pronouncements by the 51st Dai and 52nd Dai on several key doctrinal beliefs, including:

  • There can be a private conferment of nass
  • That the mansoos can testify for himself and in favour of himself to show that the Dai conferred nass on him
  • That a nass can be conferred with an indication
  • That a nass once conferred cannot be changed, revoked or superseded
  • To show the high credibility and station of the rank of Mazoon

The examination in chief concluded and Senior Counsel Mr. Iqbal Chagla for the defendant Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin, began his cross-examination.

Mr. Chagla asked many questions about the Plaintiff’s personal background, inquiring in detail into his educational background, places of residence, business dealings, and also other family related matters.

Mr. Chagla asked the Plaintiff about the special knowledge and Dawat secrets bestowed upon him by the Original Plaintiff, inquiring into their purpose. He replied that the reason for bestowing such knowledge was so that he “could serve the Dawat and the Dai”. Mr. Chagla asked how the Original Plaintiff expected the Plaintiff to serve Dawat and the Dai. He replied: “In the way he had served them, with sincerity and devotion.”

Mr. Chagla questioned the Plaintiff about the role of the Mazoon in settling disputes relating to the identity of the true Dai, and Syedna Fakhruddin indicated that in previous disputes, the word of the Mazoon was taken as authoritative in determining the true Dai.

Syedna Fakhruddin was asked when he believed that his father, the 53rd Dai Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin Saheb was the successor to the 52nd Dai. He replied that it was a progression from childhood and the actions of the 52nd Dai’s children, including the defendant, all of whom offered Sajda to Syedna Qutbuddin, and jointly referred to the 52nd Dai and Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb as “Bewe Moula” (Both Moula), contributed to this belief.

Mr. Chagla also entered into evidence a newspaper article that the Plaintiff had brought in his Plaint, but which was not earlier admitted by the Defendant. This newspaper article quoted the former Chief Justice of India, the Hon’ble Justice Aziz M. Ahmadi saying that “I examined the documents and believe that Syedna Qutbuddin’s stand of the 53rd Dai is principled”.  The Hon’ble Justice Patel took this document on record as the Defendant’s exhibit.

The Hon’ble Justice Patel has scheduled the further cross-examination of the Plaintiff on 8th, 9th, and 12th of January 2018.

by admin at December 17, 2017 09:15 AM

November 12, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court October 30th 2017

The Hon’ble Bombay High Court has fixed the dates of 8th, 11th and 12th December 2017 for the cross examination of Syedna Taher Fakhruddin TUS.

by admin at November 12, 2017 07:45 AM

November 08, 2017

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October 25, 2017

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October 24, 2017

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Capstone Conference Day 1: photos & tweets

Our scholars presented their findings at our “capstone” conference October 13-14, 2017 at the University of Chicago, which we captured in photos and tweets. Visit our Flickr page for the full album and our Twitter page for more observations. Below are highlights from Friday, October 13.

We’ll post highlights from Saturday, October 14, tomorrow.

Friday, October 13

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9:15 am Welcome by Principal Investigators Jennifer Frey and Candace Vogler

 

23944290488_a05d70b234_z.jpg9:30-10:30 am Kristján Kristjánsson, Professor of Character Education and Virtue Ethics; Deputy Director of the Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues, University of Birmingham

10:45-11:45 am Dan P. McAdams, Henry Wade Rogers Professor of Psychology and Professor of Human Development and Social Policy, Northwestern University

1:45 – 2:45 pm Panel: Transcending Boundaries I

37765192702_9ccb0c79ab_z.jpgTalbot Brewer, Professor of Philosophy, University of Virginia and Faculty Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture

Michael Gorman, Associate Professor of Philosophy, School of Philosophy, The Catholic University of America

Jean Porter, John A. O’Brien Professor of Theology, University of Notre Dame

3:00 -4:00 pm Tahera Qutbuddin, Professor of Arabic Literature, University of Chicago

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4:15 – 5:15 pm Panel: Virtue, Happiness, & the Meaning of Life Visiting Scholars

Fr. Stephen BrockProfessor of Medieval Philosophy, Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, Rome

Anselm Mueller, University of Chicago

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7pm – Keynote: Jonathan Lear, “Gettysburg”

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by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at October 24, 2017 03:30 PM

October 07, 2017

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Cardinal Blase J. Cupich, Prof. Jonathan Lear to give keynotes at conference

cardinal-and-learnews(From left): Cardinal Blase J. Cupich and Prof. Jonathan Lear will present the keynote talks.

Oct. 13 and 14 event caps Virtue, Happiness & the Meaning of Life project

By Andrew Bauld

After more than two years of research with collaboration between philosophers, religious thinkers and psychologists, the Virtue, Happiness & the Meaning of Lifeproject will present its findings at a capstone conference on Oct. 13 and 14, featuring keynote talks by Prof. Jonathan Lear and Cardinal Blase J. Cupich.

The conference culminates a project that brought scholars together from around the world to examine the enrichment of human life. Research in both the humanities and social sciences suggests that people who feel they belong to something bigger than themselves—be it family, a spiritual practice, or work in social justice—are often happier than those who do not. Scholars refer to the feeling as “self-transcendence.”

Panelists throughout both days, including scholars from religious studies, theology, philosophy, psychology, and economics, will discuss whether self-transcendence truly makes people happier and provides deeper meaning in human life.

Speakers from the University of Chicago include Candace Vogler, the David B. and Clara E. Stern Professor of Philosophy and co-principal investigator for the project; Marc Berman, assistant professor in psychology; and Tahera Qutbuddin, professor of Arabic literature.

“This conference serves to share our research with the broader community,” said Jennifer A. Frey, co-principal investigator, assistant professor of philosophy at the University of South Carolina and formerly a scholar at the University of Chicago. “Our scholars from a variety of disciplines have reached similar conclusions about the essential role of self-transcendence in the general account of what makes for potential happiness and meaning in human lives. Our hope is that as this project winds down, we are only at the beginning of a new line of research.”

Lear, the John U. Nef Distinguished Service Professor in the Committee on Social Thought and the Department of Philosophy, will speak at 7 p.m. Oct. 13 at the Oriental Institute. His talk, titled “Gettysburg,” will look at the ethical difficulties of memorializing the dead and in particular the soldiers that died following the bloodiest battle of the U.S. Civil War.

Cardinal Cupich will speak at 6 p.m. Oct. 14 in the auditorium at the Law School. He will deliver a talk considering virtue in the context of building up the common good, titled “A Consistent Ethic of Solidarity: Transcending Self, Transforming the World.” President Robert J. Zimmer will introduce the cardinal.

“Cardinal Cupich has distinguished himself in his fundamental love of and concern for some of the most disadvantaged people in the city of Chicago,” said Vogler. “His call for solidarity is rooted in the genuine practice of solidarity, day in and day out.”

The conference is free and open to the public, but registration is required. To learn more, visit the Virtue, Happiness & the Meaning of Life website.

 

by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at October 07, 2017 01:45 PM

September 30, 2017

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September 29, 2017

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September 28, 2017

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September 27, 2017

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September 26, 2017

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September 25, 2017

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September 24, 2017

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September 23, 2017

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September 22, 2017

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September 21, 2017

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September 17, 2017

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September 09, 2017

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August 18, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

The Doves

Hikaayat (lit. stories) refers to the morals and fables that are presented in the books of Da’wat. Many of these hikaayat are presented in the Rasail of Ikhwanus Safa. Below is an excerpt from the hikayat, “The Doves” (translated by Dr Shatha Almutawa) presented with illustrations by Tahera Vajihi. This narrative is about a magpie that gets caught up with a group of fighting doves.

August 18, 2017 01:45 PM

June 27, 2017

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Photos of our June 2017 Working Group Meeting

Twenty of our scholars met in Chicago for their final working group meeting to discuss their work in progress with each other across the disciplines of psychology, theology, and philosophy.

Find more photos on our Flickr page.

 

 

More photos from this session can be found on our Flickr page.

 

by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at June 27, 2017 01:55 PM

June 24, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

Ra'ayto Dhiya' al Kashfe fi Lailatil Satri

Syedna Taher Fakhruddin TUS Eid Qasida 1438H / 2017 Shehrullah

June 24, 2017 09:36 AM

June 16, 2017

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Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

Unaajee Ilaahal Arshe Jalla Jalaaluhu

Munajaat composed by Syedna Taher Fakhruddin TUS in Shehrullah al-Mo'azzam 1438H/2017. (c) FatemiDawat.com

June 16, 2017 01:03 AM

June 11, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

June 08, 2017

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Dispatches from last day of our final working group meeting

wgroup20170607_4301.jpg(from left: Josef Stern, Heather C Lench, Candace Vogler, Talbot Brewer, Stephen Brock, Jennifer A. Frey, Jean Porter, Matthias Haase, Erik Angner, Thomas Joseph White, Michael Gorman, Katherine Kinzler, Kevin Flannery, Reinhard Huetter, Robert C. Roberts, Anselm Mueller (not pictured but in attendence: Tahera Qutbuddin, Angela Knobel, David Shatz)

Not on Twitter? Here’s a sampling of our live-tweeting from our final day:

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by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at June 08, 2017 04:56 PM

May 26, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

May 24, 2017

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Scholarship of Self-Transcendence

DP319704Allegorical Tapestry with Sages of the Past, The Cloisters Collection, 2014, CCO, 1.0.

This article originally appeared in Tableau, the Division of the Humanities at the University of Chicago’s quarterly publication, as Scholarship of Self-Transcendence: Candace Vogler leads a search for the meaning of life by Courtney C. W. Guerra.

 

Candace Vogler, the David B. and Clara E. Stern Professor in Philosophy, is invested in her fellow human beings, and she’s determined to help them—us—find fulfillment. To tackle such a complex issue, she proposed the collaborative research project Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life, the aims of which are every bit as ambitious as its name implies. With major support from the John Templeton Foundation, this multiyear initiative—jointly led by Jennifer A. Frey, a philosopher at the University of South Carolina—explores self-transcendence: a feeling of connection to something beyond the individual self.

 

Of course, there’s no single way for human beings to attain self-transcendence: it can happen through spiritual practice, professional drive, familial bonds, or any number of commitments to a higher cause. Vogler’s group includes psychologists, philosophers, and religious thinkers from a variety of traditions. Many are UChicago colleagues: assistant professor Marc G. Berman and professor Howard C. Nusbaum in Psychology, associate professor Tahera Qutbuddin in Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, and, in Philosophy, assistant professor Matthias Haase and Josef Stern, the William H. Colvin Professor Emeritus. The 30-scholar cohort represents institutions throughout the United States, Middle East, and Europe; they have been meeting and teaching since October 2015.

 

When she devised the project, Vogler says, “The ambition was to get a kind of deep integration between people working in very different disciplines” without relegating their work to the margins of less widely read, explicitly interdisciplinary publications. And it worked: the participants are “doing disciplinary work, they’re publishing in the disciplinary journals, and the inspiration for it is coming out of the frame of the project.”

 

These discussions have informed 10 published or forthcoming articles—a figure that “pretty dramatically exceeded” her initial expectations—with many more on the way. One essay that encapsulates the spirit of the project is being developed by Notre Dame theologian Jean Porter, about studies by Cornell University psychologist Katherine Kinzler on early childhood food preferences. Porter finds parallels between contemporary psychology and the views of Catholic philosopher Thomas Aquinas on the influence of group identity on what children choose to eat. (A draft is available on the Virtue Blog, along with other writings and filmed lectures.) This video helps to introduce and contextualize the group’s scholarship.

 

Like Porter’s essay, much of the project is “built on things that ought to be super interesting to people who are not academics,” says Vogler. She hopes a broad audience will attend the culminating conference at UChicago over the weekend of October 14–15. From there, Vogler plans to share her team’s findings with educators—from early childhood through MBA programs and beyond—to help promote self-transcendence at every stage of development. “There’s a big difference,” she points out, “between leading a life that’s super busy and leading a life that’s full.” Her hope is that the group’s work, as it reverberates out into the broader world, will help people achieve the latter.

by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at May 24, 2017 08:16 AM

May 17, 2017

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Tahera Qutbuddin on Arabic Oration and Imam Ali’s Peace and Pluralism

AdobeStock_142163701.jpegMosaic at entrance gate of Shah mosque in Isfahan – Iran

We’re presenting a short series of abstracts of the work-in-progress our scholars will present and discuss at their June 2017 Working Group Meeting.

Tahera Qutbuddin is Associate Professor of Arabic Literature at the University of Chicago.

1. Chapter on “The Sermon of Pious Counsel,” from my monograph project currently underway titled Classical Arabic Oratory: Religion, Politics and Oral Aesthetics of Public Address in the Early Islamic World.

Abstract: Showcasing a unique outlook on the purpose of human life in the early Islamic world of the seventh and eighth centuries, the sermon of pious counsel was one of the four major types of Arabic oration. Rooted in the pre-Islamic desert-dweller’s deep consciousness of cosmic cycles and human mortality, it was channeled toward priming for the afterlife by the monotheistic vision of Muhammad and the Qurʾan. Pious counsel also permeated the other three categories: Friday sermons were an obvious repository of devotional material, but battle speeches and political orations were also frequently framed in a pietistic vein. The orator concentrated on reminding his audience of the inevitability of death, the necessity of leading a pious and principled life preparing for an imminent hereafter, and remaining at all times conscious of God. The chapter I am submitting for our Workshop examines these key themes and their religious and ethical subthemes with copious textual examples. In addition, it outlines the sermon’s historical development, formulae and patterns, and briefly describes concurrent non-oratorical genres of pious counsel. It ends with the text, translation and analysis of an illustrative sermon attributed to a commander of the Kharijite “Seceders,” Qatari ibn al-Fujaʾah (d. ca. 698).

2. Short paper titled “Imam Ali’s Preaching of Peace and Pluralism: Five Categories of Exhortations to Justice, Equity and Compassion from The Path of Eloquence (Nahj al-balaghah) and A Treasury of Virtues (Dustur maʿalim al-hikam )”—expanded write-up from presentation originally prepared for UNESCO World Philosophy Day, 2014, Paris, at a conference titled: The Contribution of Ali ibn Abi Talib’s Thought to a Culture of Peace & Intercultural Dialogue.

Abstract: Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib’s (d. 661) strong advocacy of peace and pluralism is well known and works on multiple levels of individual, society and state. In this paper, I present five broad categories of these early Islamic teachings through a selection of Ali’s sayings, sermons, letters and verse: (1) seeking justice and abstaining from vengeance; (2) pluralism; (3) focus on the hereafter, not worldly gain; (4) personal ethics: respect and sanctity of living creatures; and (5) the role of government.

by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at May 17, 2017 08:24 AM

May 16, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

The Man and the Fish

Hikaayat (lit. stories) refers to the morals and fables that are presented in the books of Da’wat. Many of these hikaayat are presented in the Rasail of Ikhwanus Safa. Below is an excerpt from the hikayat, “The Man and the Fish” (translated by Dr Shatha Almutawa) presented with illustrations by Tahera Vajihi. This narrative is about a man who jumps into a raging river to catch a fish for dinner.

May 16, 2017 03:50 AM

April 23, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - YouTube

April 18, 2017

Qutbi Jubilee Scholarship Program

Scholarships

Scholarship applications for the academic year 2018-2019 will begin to be processed in March 2018.  All applications are due by May 31, 2018. Tweet

by admin at April 18, 2017 07:38 AM

April 15, 2017

Qutbi Jubilee Scholarship Program

About

The Qutbi Jubilee Scholarship Program (QJSP) was founded by our revered father, Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA on the eve of the Golden Jubilee celebrations in 2011. These celebrations commemorated the completion of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin’s RA 50 years as the 52nd Dai-l-Mutlaq and also the 50 years of Syedna Qutbuddin as the trusted Mazoon-l-Mutlaq of […]

by admin at April 15, 2017 09:58 PM

April 14, 2017

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April 10, 2017

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March 22, 2017

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March 18, 2017

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March 07, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court 7th March 2017

The Hon’ble Justice Gautam Patel of the Bombay High Court allowed Chamber Summons No. 1290 of 2016 in Suit No. 337 of 2014, whereby His Holiness Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb TUS has been substituted as the Plaintiff after the sad demise of the Original Plaintiff His Holiness the Late Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA. Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb will now continue the suit against Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin to establish that Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb is the 54th Dai al-Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohra Community after establishing that Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin was the 53rd Dai al-Mutlaq. Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin and his respresentatives had claimed the suit had abated and that he had won the Suit after the sad demise of Syedna Khuziama Qutbuddin. The Hon’ble High Court has also fixed a timetable for carrying out the amendments, the Defendant to file an additional written statement, and has listed the Succesion Suit for directions in May 2017 itself. This is a very positive step towards resolving the issue of the rightful successor to the 52nd Dai His Holiness the Late Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin RA and for the future of the Dawoodi Bohra Community.

by admin at March 07, 2017 12:58 PM

March 05, 2017

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March 04, 2017

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February 26, 2017

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February 12, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

Fatemi Finance Series: Part 3: Is Insurance Allowed?

We are pleased to present the latest article in this series which explains a selection of ideas from the PhD thesis submitted to the University of Manchester by Shehzada Dr Abdeali Bhaisaheb ibn Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA. (The PhD was completed in 2003 with the raza and doa Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin RA).

February 12, 2017 12:47 PM

January 03, 2017

Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

Fatemi Dawat Hikayaat: The Power of Music

Hikaayat (lit. stories) refers to the morals and fables that are presented in the books of Da’wat. Many of these Hikaayat are presented in the Rasail of Ikhwanus Safa. The morals presented in these stories often highlight the transience of this world and the importance of the goodness of character. We are pleased to present a selection of these Hikaayats on Fatemidawat.com.

January 03, 2017 04:42 PM

December 24, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

Fatemi Finance Series Part 2: Is share trading and investment allowed

We are pleased to present the third article in this series which explains a selection of ideas from the PhD thesis submitted to the University of Manchester by Shehzada Dr Abdeali Bhaisaheb ibn Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA. (The PhD was completed in 2003 with the raza and doa Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin RA).

December 24, 2016 05:10 AM

December 01, 2016

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Universal Human Virtues Found in Arabic Literature

These remarks correspond to our latest Virtue Talk podcast with Tahera Qutbuddin, which you can listen to here.

2568956062_3765092e48_z“Qur’an with “tassbeh”” – photo by Doctor Yuri

I grew up in Mumbai, India, studied Arabic at Ayn Shams University in Cairo, Egypt, and came to Harvard University in the US for my PhD, which I completed in 1999. After that, I taught for a year at Yale University, then for two years at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City. In 2002, I joined the University of Chicago, where I’m currently Associate Professor of Arabic Literature in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations (NELC). At the University of Chicago, I’m also affiliated with the Center for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES), the Committee on South Asian Studies (COSAS), and the Divinity School. And for the past six years, I’ve chaired a non-traditional major in the College named Interdisciplinary Studies in the Humanities (IS-Hum).

My work centers on classical Arabic literature. I have a deep interest in literary materials of the early Islamic period that preach virtue, which is my connection with the Virtues group of scholars. Overall, my scholarship focuses on intersections of the literary, the religious, and the political in classical Arabic poetry and prose. My areas of research are classical Arabic oratory and Islamic preaching (khutba); the Quran, traditions of the Prophet Muhammad, and the sermons and sayings of the first Shia imam and fourth Sunni caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib; and Fatimid-Tayyibi history and literature (the Fatimids were a Shia dynasty who ruled North Africa and Egypt from the 10th through the 12th centuries, and the Tayyibis are a Muslim denomination in Yemen and India, who look to the Fatimid legacy). I’ve also worked on Arabic in India.

My first journal article, which I published in 1995 while I was a graduate student at Harvard, was titled “Healing the Soul: Perspectives of Medieval Muslim Writers.” I discussed the ideas of certain key scholars in the Islamic tradition who used the metaphor of the physician and healing to promote virtue and faith. I found that the earliest accounts were based in either Greek ethics or the Qur’an, and the Greek aspects were rendered over three centuries into an Islamic matrix.

In my first monograph—published by Brill in 2005 titled Al-Mu’ayyad al-Shirazi and Fatimid Da’wa Poetry: A Case of Commitment in Classical Arabic Literature—I combined material and approaches from several disciplines to analyze the poetry of the 11th century scholar, al-Muʾayyad al-Shīrāzī, who was chief missionary for the Fatimid caliphs of Egypt. Al-Mu’ayyad is acknowledged as a giant in the Fatimid philosophical tradition, but none had worked on his poetry before. Because it is underpinned by esoteric doctrine, its true significance cannot be decoded without careful perusal of its philosophy and history. I found and used manuscripts of his poetry housed in private collections in India, and I also used an eclectic package of literary, historical, and theological primary sources, many of them also in manuscript form. I argued that al-Muʾayyad flew in the face of the rival Abbasid court’s conventional panegyric to create a new, very personal, “committed” form of Arabic poetry, with themes, imagery, and audiences consonant with his religio-political cause.

My currently ongoing monograph project is tentatively titled Classical Arabic Oratory: Religion, Politics and Orality-Based Aesthetics of Public Address in the Early Islamic World, for which I’m honored to have been awarded fellowships by the Carnegie Corporation and the American Council of Learned Societies. In the 7th and 8th centuries AD, oration was a crucial piece of the Arabian literary landscape, reigning supreme as its preeminent genre of prose. It was an integral component of pre-Islamic and early Islamic leadership, and it also had significant political, military and religious functions. Its themes and aesthetics had enormous influence on subsequent artistic prose. Little has come forth on the subject, due to substantial challenges posed by an archaic lexicon (these are hard texts to crack!), a vast array of sources, and the sticky question of dating. But I believe an approach sensitive to its oral underpinnings can meaningfully delineate key parameters of the genre. I’m analyzing the texts and contexts of these earliest Arabic speeches and sermons, and I hope to construct thereby the first comprehensive theory of classical Arabic oratory.

In the past five years, much of my intellectual energy has been directed to a new publication series titled “Library of Arabic Literature,” and it has been a joy and a privilege to be part of this emerging venture. In 2010, I was invited to its newly-forming Editorial Board, whose mandate is to produce facing-page Arabic editions and English translations of significant works of Arabic literature, with an emphasis on the 7th to 19th centuries, encompassing a wide range of genres, including poetry, religion, philosophy, law, science, and history. The project is supported by a grant from the New York University Abu Dhabi Institute, and its volumes are published by NYU Press. Its Editorial Board comprises a team of Arabic/Islamic professors at educational institutions in the US and UK. We meet twice a year in New York and Abu Dhabi, and in the first five years, we have produced a resounding 35 volumes. In 2015, our grant was renewed for another five years, and in this second phase we aim to bring out an additional 40 volumes.

Many of the really important texts of early Islamic literature remain in manuscript form, and many have not been translated into English, or have been translated in less than lucid renderings. In addition to my analytical research work, I’m also committed to making these masterpieces of Arabic literature available in reliable editions and engaging translations, especially those among them that promote virtue and contemplation.

In this context, I edited and translated a volume of Sayings, Sermons, and Teachings of Ali ibn Abi Talib, whom I mentioned before, who was the cousin and son in law of the prophet Muhammad, and the first Shia imam and the fourth Sunni caliph. (Library of Arabic Literature, NYU Press, 2013). The volume was compiled by al-Quda’i, who was a judge in medieval Cairo. The book is titled A Treasury of Virtues, and in beautiful desert metaphors and brilliantly pithy Arabic, it enjoins universal human virtues such as justice, wisdom, and kindness, presenting them in an Islamic and Quranic framework. For example, “ The best words are backed by deeds” “Oppressing the weak is the worst oppression” “Knowledge is a noble legacy” “The true worth of a man is measured by the good he does” “There is no treasure richer than contentment” “A just leader is better than abundant rainfall.”

I’ve recently completed editing and translating another volume for the series, this one being a compilation of the ethical and doctrinal sayings of the prophet Muhammad titled Light in the Heavens, by the same compiler, al-Quda’i. In a happy coincidence, its tqinstagram.pngrelease date is today, November 8. The prophet Muḥammad (d. 632) is regarded by Muslims as God’s messenger to humankind. In addition to God’s words—the Qurʾan—which he conveyed over the course of his life as it was revealed to him, Muḥammad’s own words—called hadith—have a very special place in the lives of Muslims. They wield an authority second only to the Qurʾan and are cited by Muslims as testimonial texts in a wide array of religious, scholarly and popular literature—such as liturgy, exegesis, jurisprudence, oration, poetry, linguistics and more. Preachers, politicians and scholars rely on hadith to establish the truth of their positions, and lay people cite them to each other in their daily lives. These hadith disclose the ethos of the earliest period of Islam, the culture and society of 7th century Arabia. Since they also form an integral part of the Muslim psyche, they reveal the values and thinking of the medieval and modern Muslim community. Most importantly, they provide a direct window into the inspired vision of one of the most influential humans in history. These are a few sample hadith from the volume, which list traits that God loves: “God loves gentleness in everything,” “God is beautiful and loves beauty,” “God loves those who beseech him,” “God loves those who are virtuous, humble, and pious,” “God loves the believer who makes an honest living,” “God loves the grieving heart”.

Among the recent articles I’ve published, some are on Ali’s preaching. In one recent article I examine Ali’s melding of core Islamic teachings of the Quran enjoining piety and good works, with the oral, nature-based cultural ethos of seventh-century Arabia. Another recent article—and this is the one I shared with the Virtue scholars’ group in December—looks at Ali’s contemplations on this world and the hereafter in the context of his life and times. I argue that Ali encourages his followers to enjoy a happy life on earth and be grateful for God’s innumerable blessings, yet always keep preparing for the imminent hereafter, by cultivating virtuous traits and performing virtuous deeds. I’d like to read out to you a short excerpt from one of his sermons from this article:

O you who reproach this world while being so willingly deceived by her deceptions and tricked by her falsehoods! Do you choose to be deceived by her yet censure her? Should you be accusing her, or should she be accusing you?! When did she lure you or deceive? Was it by her destruction of your father and grandfather and great grandfather through decay? Or by her consigning your mother and grandmother and great grandmother to the earth? How carefully did your palms tend them! How tenderly did your hands nurse them! Hoping against hope for a cure, begging physician after physician for a medicament. On that fateful morning, your medicines did not suffice them, your weeping did not help, and your apprehension was of no benefit. Your appeal remained unanswered, and you could not push death away from them although you applied all your strength. By this, the world warned you of your own approaching end. She illustrated by their death your own.

Indeed, this world is a house of truth for whomsoever stays true to her, a house of wellbeing for whomsoever understands her, a house of riches for whomsoever gathers her provisions, a house of counsel for whomsoever takes her advice. She is a mosque for God’s loved ones, a place where God’s angels pray, where God’s revelation alights, where God’s saints transact, earning his mercy and profiting paradise.

In addition to the publications I’ve talked about, I always look to avail of opportunities to reach outside the ivory tower, and have lectured over the years on general topics related to Islamic history and Arabic literature, particularly on topics that promote goodwill among the human family. Two years ago, I gave a talk on “Imam Ali’s Preaching of Peace and Pluralism” at a UNESCO conference in Paris organized by its Iraq office titled “The contribution of Ali ibn Abi Talib’s Thought to a Culture of Peace and Intercultural Dialogue.” Just recently in September of this year I helped organize a conference in Kolkata, India, on exemplars of communal harmony in pre- and post-Independence India, that was hosted jointly by my father’s educational foundation Qutbi Jubilee Scholarship Program (QJSP) and the University of Calcutta, and was attended by the Vice Chancellor of the University of Calcutta, and the West Bengal Minister for Higher Education, and widely covered by the local media.

I’m very pleased to be part of the Templeton Foundation’s project Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life. I’m grateful to the Templeton Foundation for funding it, and to Candace Vogler for inviting me to participate. This has been a wonderful opportunity for me to expand my horizons, and bring my work into conversation with the major Western philosophical and theological traditions. I’ve especially enjoyed the practical perspectives of psychology and economics brought by the social scientists in the group on questions of virtue and happiness. It’s been a privilege to listen to these amazing scholars.

I’ve found many parallels with the classical Islamic traditions I work with, and hope to make use of these new insights and apply them to my own work. For example, many of the group’s scholars work on Thomas Aquinas, and the harmony of faith and reason that is expressed in his teachings resonates with several schools of Islamic thought, especially one that I work with, the Fatimid-Ismaili school. Others work on Aristotle, and his cardinal virtues of justice, temperance, wisdom, and courage are strongly reflected in the early Islamic aphoristic material, and in the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad and Imam Ali. The material my colleagues on the Virtue Scholars team work on is itself fascinating, and the questions and methodologies they bring to bear on it are equally illuminating.

I’m also happy to have the opportunity to present some Islamic approaches to virtue, to these scholars who may not have engaged with the Islamic tradition in any depth before.

A significant prompt that has come out of this workshop for me is a renewed emphasis on the importance of harnessing ideas to promote virtue and happiness on the ground. This is academic work, but it’s also very personal. The research on the hows and whys of a meaningful life discussed at the workshop is really valuable. For me, the natural corollary to the expert analysis is how to translate this information into becoming a better human being myself, and to work toward promoting kindness and virtue in the many communities I’m part of. The research, both individual and collaborative is important. But it’s equally important to think about how to use that practically to be a nice, kind person oneself, and to promote niceness and kindness among the people we live. I’m delighted to be part of this ambitious project, and I hope that together we can make a difference, and offer some contribution to a better and more peaceful world.


Tahera Qutbuddin is Associate Professor of Arabic Literature at the University of Chicago and Scholar with the project Virtue, Happiness, & the Meaning of Life.

by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at December 01, 2016 07:04 PM

November 30, 2016

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Virtue Talk podcast: “Universal human virtues” – Tahera Qutbuddin

virtuetalklogorsClick the link below to hear our scholar and Professor of Arabic Literature Tahera Qutbuddin discuss her research and recent books A Treasury of Virtues: Sayings, Sermons, and Teachings of ‘Ali, and Light in the Heavens: Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, and how her research is impacted by working within our project.

The text of these remarks will be available on our next blog post.

Tahera Qutbuddin | Virtue Talk

Tahera Qutbuddin is Associate Professor of Arabic Literature at the University of Chicago and Scholar with the project Virtue, Happiness, & the Meaning of Life. Read more here.

WGM June 2016_20160606_3077Tahera Qutbuddin with Fr. Thomas Joseph White at our June 2016 Working Group Meeting.

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Read about our podcast “Virtue Talk”

by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at November 30, 2016 07:43 PM

November 28, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court 15th November 2016

The date for hearing the Chamber Summons filed by His Holiness Syedna Taher Fakhruddin TUS, in the Hon’ble Bombay High Court has been fixed for 7th December 2016 by the Hon’ble Justice K. R. Shriram.

The Chamber Summons seeks the substitution of Syedna Taher Fakhruddin as the Plaintiff in the Suit filed by his predecessor His Holiness the Late Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA against Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin.

by admin at November 28, 2016 11:52 PM

November 15, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Gujarat High Court 10th November 2016 – Judgment On Petition

The Hon’ble Gujarat High Court has pronounced an order (Civil Application No. 5650 of 2016) granting the applications filed by Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb TUS and permitting Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb TUS to be substituted in the place and stead of his predecessor Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb RA in pending petitions and dismissing Civil Application No. 4339 of 2016 filed by Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin. On 10.11.2016, all the applications were listed for pronouncement of judgment before the Hon’ble Gujarat High Court. The Judgement is available to view on the Gujarat High Court website

Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb sadly passed away in the USA on 30th March 2016. Upon his passing away, his successor Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb filed applications before the Hon’ble Gujarat High Court praying for substitution as petitioner in his place. In the applications, Syedna Fakhruddin Saheb stated that immediately after the passing away of Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb, Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin and his men had filed applications/affidavits/purchis before Assistant Charity Commissioners with the objective of getting their Change Reports allowed ex-parte by falsely stating on oath that the Hon’ble Bombay High Court had dismissed the suit filed by Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb. Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin and his men were trying to take advantage of the passing away of Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb with the objective of getting their Change Reports allowed ex-parte.

Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin had also filed Civil Application No. 4339 of 2016 before the Hon’ble Gujarat High Court praying for an order that the petition filed by Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb be disposed of as abated and praying that the Charity Commissioners be directed to proceed with Change Reports.

Upon the sad passing away of the 52nd Dai al-Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohra community Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin Saheb in January 2014, a succession dispute arose between Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin Saheb, Mazoon for 50 years and Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin. Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb filed a suit in the Hon’ble Bombay High Court for a declaration that he was the anointed successor of the 52nd Dai al-Mutlaq and, therefore, the 53rd Dai al-Mutlaq. Syedna Qutbuddin Saheb also filed petitions before the Hon’ble Gujarat High Court pertaining to a large number of Waqfs and Trusts of which the Dai is the Sole Trustee.

Syedna Taher Fakhruddin Saheb’s Chamber Summons in the Hon’ble Bombay High Court to be substituted as Plaintiff in the Suit filed by Syedna Qutbuddin is scheduled for hearing and final disposal by the Hon’ble Justice Shriram on the 7th of December 2016.

by admin at November 15, 2016 12:24 PM

November 14, 2016

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Video: “Imam Ali’s Wisdoms: A Sage for Our Times”

Our Scholar Tahera Qutbuddin gave this public lecture in September 2015 as part of “Sayings, Sermons, and Teachings of Imam Ali: Islamic Wisdom and Universal Values,” an invited talk in the public lecture series “Islam in Conversation” for the Office of Religious Life: Muslim Life Program at Princeton University.


Tahera Qutbuddin is Associate Professor of Arabic Literature, The University of Chicago, and a Scholar with Virtue, Happiness, & the Meaning of Life.

by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at November 14, 2016 06:38 PM

October 22, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court 19th October 2016

The Chamber Summons filed by His Holiness Syedna Taher Fakhruddin TUS was listed to be heard by the Hon’ble Bombay High Court on October 19, 2016. The matter did not get heard for paucity of time during the day, and on October 20, 2016 our advocates mentioned the matter before the Hon’ble Bombay High Court, when the Hon’ble Court directed that the chamber summons be listed for Directions on November 15, 2016, after the Diwali vacation.

by admin at October 22, 2016 10:49 AM

September 25, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

Hizb-e-Khalilulah 1437H Report

Continuing the hasanat of Syedna Qutbuddin RA, Hizb-e-Khalilullah organized qurbani and taqseem in Eid-ul-Adha this year with Syedna Fakhruddin’s TUS raza and doa in Darus Sakina, Mumbai. A detailed report of key facts and financial figures of Eid-ul-Adha activities has been prepared in keeping with Syedna’s vision that organizations functioning under the umbrella of Dawat should be run professionally with clear transparency. The unabridged report including financial data has been shared with those who participated in the effort. An abridged version, without the financial data, has been published here on FatemiDawat.com

September 25, 2016 08:35 PM

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court Update: 21st September 2016

The date for hearing the Chamber Summons filed by His Holiness Syedna Taher Fakhruddin TUS, in the Hon’ble Bombay Court has been fixed for 19th October 2016 by the Hon’ble Justice K. R. Shriram.

The Chamber Summons seeks the substitution of Syedna Taher Fakhruddin as the Plaintiff in the Suit filed by his predecessor His Holiness the Late Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA against Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin.

by admin at September 25, 2016 09:59 AM

September 17, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

FINANCE IN FATEMI TAYYIBI DOCTRINE:Part 1 -How to Avoid Riba (Interest) in Modern Financial Dealings

We are pleased to present the section article in this series which explains a selection of ideas from the PhD thesis submitted to the University of Manchester by Shehzada Dr Abdeali Bhaisaheb ibn Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA. (The PhD was completed in 2003 with the raza and doa Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin RA). In this article are the following sections: Section 1: What exactly is riba and why is it haraam? Section 2: How can we transform a riba transaction, which is haraam, into a trade transaction, which is halaal, through the ‘Ina contract? Section 3: Are there instances of Aimmat Tahereen and Duat Mutlaqeen endorsing ‘Ina and employing the ‘Ina contract? Section 4: How can the ‘Ina contract be applied in the world of modern banking? (C) FatemiDawat.com 2016

September 17, 2016 11:15 AM

September 10, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

Fatemi Dawat Annual Report 1436-1437H

We are pleased to present the 1437H Annual Report of Dawat-e-Hadiyah, the Fatemi Dawat administration of the 54th Dai al-Mutlaq Syedna Taher Fakhruddin TUS. Last year in Shehre Ramadan 1436H, Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA instructed the publication of a report of Dawat activities and the first Fatemi Dawat Annual Report was published.

September 10, 2016 07:40 PM

August 20, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Issuu

July 10, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Chamber Summons Filed In Bombay High Court

His Holiness Syedna Taher Fakhruddin TUS, the 54th Dai al-Mutlaq has filed a Chamber Summons on the 27th of June 2016 in the Hon’ble High Court of Bombay to be substituted as plaintiff in the Suit filed by his predecessor His Holiness the Late Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA, the 53rd Dai al-Mutlaq against Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin.

Syedna Qutbuddin sadly passed away to his heavenly abode on 30th March 2016 in California, USA. Before his passing Syedna Qutbuddin had appointed his eldest son Syedna Taher Fakhruddin as his Mansoos (successor) on 8th November 2015.

Prior to filing the Suit in Hon’ble High Court the Late Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA had made repeated attempts to resolve this unfortunate issue internally within the Community, inviting Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin to a debate to establish the truthfulness of the nass conferred on him by His Holiness the Late Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin Saheb RA , the 52nd Dai al-Mutlaq. Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin did not respond to that call. Syedna Taher Fakhruddin also invited Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin to a debate according to the precedents of the community, and in the interests of resolving this matter, which affects the whole community. But Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin has not responded to that invitation either.

To ensure that the path set by the previous Dai al-Mutlaq’s is followed, and the Community is not torn asunder by false claimants, and having full faith in the Indian Judiciary, Syedna Fakhruddin has approached the Hon’ble High Court for appropriate remedies.

In a statement Syedna Fakhruddin said “Since Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin is unwilling to resolve the matter internally through a debate to establish the truth, we have approached the Hon’ble Court, in which we have full faith, with evidence that will expose the falsehoods being perpetuated by Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin. I will continue the fight that my revered father Syedna Qutbuddin started, for truth, justice, and the future and well-being of the Dawoodi Bohra community”

Note:
The Suit 337 of 2014 was filed by His Holiness Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin Saheb against Shehzada Mufaddal Saifuddin in the Hon’ble High Court of Bombay in April 2014. Cross-examination of Syedna Qutbuddin started on 27th April 2015 and was ongoing when His Holiness sadly passed away.

by admin at July 10, 2016 05:43 PM

July 06, 2016

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Days 3-5: June Working Group Meeting

We were thrilled to have our 2016 Working Group Chicago Meeting at the University of Chicago’s Neubuaer Collegium, and extend the conversation during meals at restaurants all over the South Side of Chicago.

For more photos, visit our Flickr album.

 

 

 

by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at July 06, 2016 03:54 PM

July 05, 2016

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

June 05, 2016

Shehzadi Tahera Qutbuddin

Questions our scholars are asking – round two

20130301_View_From_Biology_WEB_1

This coming week (June 6-10, 2016, at the Neubauer Collegium at the University of Chicago) is the second of four meetings for our  scholars (the first was December 2015 at the University of South Carolina). These meetings are immersive experiences for these scholars, who are philosophers, theologians, and psychologists; the meetings are aimed at generating systematic and integrated knowledge, including ultimately a new construct for empirical research on self-transcendence, new instruments of assessment, and new data.

 

Here are summaries of the questions and research our scholars will be discussing with each other in the coming week.

 

Matthias Haase: Can virtue be cultivated like a habit?

 

Tahera Qutbudden: Can one enjoy a happy and pleasurable life in this world while also preparing for the next?

 

Jennifer A. Frey: Is selfishness a particular kind of vice, or the nature of vice?

 

David Schatz: Is ignorance always a vice, or can it also be a virtue?

 

Heather C. Lench: Can boredom lead us to virtue?

 

David Carr: Does spirituality have a material dimension, and if so, can it be developed and educated?

 

Mari Stuart: Can the indigenous knowledge reflected in a moral ecology worldview teach things that climate science cannot?

 

Jean Porter: Can malice, like virtue, also give meaning to life?

 

Erik Angner: Is social well-being the same thing as happiness?

 

Paul Wong: Is it possible to measure Self-Transcendence?

 

Katharine Kinzler: Can infant food preferences teach us about the social world?

 

Mark Berman: Do ugly surroundings encourage criminal behavior?

 

Angela Knobel: Can the notion of virtue as a gift from God have broad appeal?

 

Father Thomas Joseph White: Can Aquinas help us understand Nietzsche’s ideas about truth and moral freedom?

 

Michael Gorman: Is a meaningful life also necessarily a good life?

 

Nancy Snow: Is magnificence—expenditure for the public good—virtuous, or vicious? Can it be both?

 

Tal Brewer: Are human beings irreplaceable, and due special forms of regard and good treatment?

 

Dan McAdams: What is the difference between habit and character? Do we narrate these things about ourselves in different ways?

 

Reinhard Hütter: How do we overcome the lure of self-sovereignty that surrounds us and attain true self-transcendence?

 

Father Kevin Flannery: What is the relationship between intention, choice, and virtue?

 

 


Tagged: Angela Knobel, Chicago, Dan P. McAdams, David Carr, David Shatz, Erik Angner, Fr. Kevin Flannery, Fr. Thomas Joseph White, Heather C. Lench, Jean Porter, Jennifer A. Frey, Katherine Kinzler, Marc G. Berman, Mari Jyväsjärvi Stuart, Matthias Haase, Michael Gorman, Nancy Snow, Neubauer Collegium, Paul Wong, Philosophy, Psychology, Questions we're asking, Reinhard Huetter, Tahera Qutbuddin, Talbot Brewer, Theology, University of Chicago, Working Group Meeting, Working Group Meeting June 2016

by Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life at June 05, 2016 12:21 AM

April 07, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court – Further Update on 6th April 2016

It is hereby clarified that the Hon’ble High Court has not passed any order declaring that the suit filed by Syedna Qutbuddin has abated. The Hon`ble High Court has merely cancelled the dates which were reserved for hearing of the suit.

As per the legal advice received by us, the scheme of the law is that the legal representative of the original plaintiff (in our case the legal representative of Syedna Qutbuddin RA) can make an application to be brought on record as plaintiff within 90 days. The law provides that the suit abates only on the expiry of the 90 days from the date of the death of Syedna Qutbuddin RA if no such application is made.

by admin at April 07, 2016 11:10 AM

April 06, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Bombay High Court Update on 6th April 2016

Today the Hon’ble High Court cleared the planned dates of cross examination due to the sad passing of His Holiness Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin RA, on March 30, 2016. Syedna Taher Fakhruddin TUS will consult with his legal advisors and then guide us on the path forward.

by admin at April 06, 2016 09:30 AM

March 11, 2016

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

Court Hearings on 22nd April & 2nd May

Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin TUS, the Plaintiff in the Declaratory Suit filed in the Bombay High Court, will appear in the Honorable High Court for his testimony on the 22nd of April 2016 (16th Rajab 1437H) and the 2nd of May 2016 (26th Rajab 1437H) inshaallah.

An article was published in the Times of India about the new court dates.  A copy of the article is published on FatemiDawat.com

by admin at March 11, 2016 01:47 PM

October 27, 2015

Fatemi Dawat - Legal

27th & 29th October 2015 Hearings Rescheduled

Due to the recent structural problems in the Bombay High Court building, Courtroom No. 46 was not available on the 27th and 29th of October. Therefore the Honorable Bombay High Court has postponed the further cross examination of the Plaintiff, Syedna Khuzaima Qutbuddin TUS. The matter is listed for further directions (dates) on November 16th, 2015 after the Diwali vacation.

by admin at October 27, 2015 12:04 PM

March 17, 2015

Qutbi Jubilee Scholarship Program

Kin of Syedna Burhanuddin in city to promote education, flags off scholarshiops

The Indian Express (Ahmedabad Edition) recently reported on the efforts of the Qutbi Jubilee Scholarship Program (QJSP) to promote Higher Education in the Dawoodi Bohra Community and society in general, particularly education for girls. Below is an excerpt from the article. “…The late Syedna Burhanuddin has spoken several times about how women should be allowed […]

by admin at March 17, 2015 02:15 PM

Shehzada Dr Aziz Bhaisaheb meets Dr. Abdul Kalam

Shz. Dr. Aziz bhaisaheb met with Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam at his residence in New Delhi on 10th February 2015. During the hour long meeting, Dr. Aziz bhaisaheb conveyed to Dr. Kalam the greetings and prayers of Syedna Qutbuddin TUS and also conveyed to him Syedna’s vision for education in the community and society in general […]

by admin at March 17, 2015 02:02 PM

September 13, 2014

Qutbi Jubilee Scholarship Program

The Journey of Obtaining Knowledge: The Six prerequisites

In the function organized for the felicitation of Shz Dr. Abdeali bhaisaheb’s completion of PhD, Syedna Qutbuddin TUS had invited the Governor of Maharashtra Mr. Mohammed Fazal for a luncheon at Evan-e-Husaini, Mumbai. Syedna TUS had also invited all the college going students in Mumbai so that this function and achievement would be a source […]

by admin at September 13, 2014 12:19 PM

June 07, 2014

Most Beloved Son

Aqa Maula na safar no souvenir

Aqa Maula jiware paachha padhaara safar par si toh Shabab ye souvenir tayyaar kidi hati. Jema Aqa Maula ni safar na photos hata. Shabab ye souvenir Aqa Maula ne Saifee Mahal par araz kidi jivaare aap airport si padhaara.

Souvenir
(Front page of the souvenir.)

[Contributed by Abdealibhai Haji in Oct-Dec 2013]

by admin at June 07, 2014 01:14 PM

Iftaar ziyafat, vajebaat aapvu, aap ye sikhayu

Ane Mazoon saab ni aa barakat chhe ke Shabab ne Ramadaan na iftaar ni ziyafat karta sikhaayu, gamme te hoi ziyafat toh thai. Aam toh akhu varas ziyafat thai Taher Saifuddin Aqa ni ane aap na wafaat na baad Burhanuddin Aqa ni. Ziyafat thai ehma iftaar thai Burhanuddin Aqa ane tamam Qasre Aali nu. Potay ye wajebaat aapva nu sikhaayu. Bhalay youngsters hoi Shabab ma toh pun wajebaat toh aape jitna bhi rakam hoi. Toh iftaar ane wajebaat nu potay ye sikhaayu chhe. Hamay Founders Day bhi celebrate karta Shabab no every year.

[Contributed by Fakhribhai Kagalwala in Dec 2013]

by admin at June 07, 2014 01:12 PM

Ek ek detail ni khabar ane fikar

Mazoon Maula chhe ane ek rutba na saheb chhe ne Maula chhe, havay mojiza toh chhe ghana, pun potani intelligence ni bhi vaat karu, aap na alfaaz, apnu thinking kitnu sharp chhe. Potay kitnu dhyaan raakhe chhe ane potay kem alfaaz ada karay chhe. I am not talking of mojiza now, mojiza toh aap karej chhe ane aapni shaan chhe. Manay hajin bhi yaad chhe kitna Shabab ma involved hata aap, Shabab pachhi toh worldwide thai gai. Bombay Central par ek varas sudhin sports no program thayo, every raate badminton ane table tennis. Mazoon saab koi vaar padhaare ane shehzado sahebo bhi padhaare, vahaan bahar lakhelu ke lawn tennis and badminton no program chhe. Mazoon Maula ek vaar raate padhaara, badhu joyu ke badminton ane lawn tennis kem organize thaase, ane pachhi bahar padhaara toh hamaare bulaavi ne farmaayu ke “tamay circular ma toh lakhu chhe lawn tennis. Aa lawn tennis nathi aa toh ground tennis chhe.” Toh aa intelligence dekhai chhe ane kitnu vaachu hasay. Nai toh kitna kaaghaz aave, Shabab ni arazo aave, koi baaju ziyafat thai, koi baaju kai function thai. But he remembered even to the detail that lawn tennis is different and ground tennis is ground, jamin. Toh tamay lawn tennis lakhu chhe ane aa chhe ground tennis. Aa ek ke kitnu khayaal rakhta hata ek ek detail no ke tamay circular ma bhi aa lakhelu chhe. Nai toh kaun joi chhe ane kaun mark karay chhe.

[Contributed by Fakhribhai Kagalwala in Dec 2013]

by admin at June 07, 2014 01:11 PM

Aqa Taher education na khilaaf natthi

Ek zamaan aayo tivaare dushmano youngsters ne bekhaave ke Sayyedna Taher Saifuddin Aqa toh education na khilaaf chhe. Toh youngsters ne samjhaava ne Shabab Mazoon Maula na sabaq organize karay. Series of lectures bhi organize kariye of influential people like Shaykh Nooruddin Bandukwala, Taiyyebi Diwanji and Shaykh Saleh Kapadia at homes of Shabab members. Russian professor Zoy Ansari ke je ghana jaankaar hata ane Sayyedna Taher Saifuddin paase ghana aave ehnu bhi ek lecture Saifi Boys High School ma organize kidu ane Fatemi history ni ek kitaab apne lakheli ehna naam si publish kidi taake vadhaare youngsters ne affect thai ke apne haq par chhe ane education na khilaaf nathi.

[Contributed by Abdealibhai Haji in Oct-Dec 2013]

by admin at June 07, 2014 01:09 PM

Babji Maula na chaadar ni barakat

Manay ek personal incident yaad aave chhe, ek vaar funds ni shortage hati Shabab ma ane manay fikar ke activities kem continue thaase Shabab ni? Mazoon Maula saathe tivaare mein Babji Maula na roza ma hato, ane vichaaru ke Babji Maula kai rasto bataave funds vaaste. Mazoon Maula ye hamay sagla Shabab members ne Babji Maula na turbat na phool aapa, jivaare mein phool leva gayo toh phool khatam thai gaya hata, ane fakat chadar no doro haath ma aayo ane Mazoon Maula ye manay aapo. Manay thayu aa doro Babji Maula no javaab chhe. Mein Shabab na sagla paisa aa doro ma muka ane te din pachhi koi ek bhi Shabab ni activity funds na shortage na sabab cancel nathi thai.

Mazoon Maula ye manay Rozat Tahera ma si ek chaadar aapi hati, je Taher bs na salgirah par chadawi hati, ye chaadar hajin mein sambhaali ne barakat jem raakhi chhe. Aaje fakat ye chaadar no doro baaki chhe.

[Contributed by Abdealibhai Haji in Oct-Dec 2013]

by admin at June 07, 2014 01:08 PM

Mazoon Maula na salgirah ni Ziyafat

Mazoon Maula, Khuzaima bhaisaheb ni milad par bhi ziyafat thai ane Aqa Maula tashreef raakhta hoi toh Aqa Maula ni ziyafat kariye. Shuru ma ghani vaar em banu ke Aqa Maula ma ziyafat ni araz kariye te pehla ye tareekh already koi bija bhai ne aapi didi hoi ziyafat vaaste. Mazoon Maula khafa bhi thai ke Shabab na members ne pehle Shaykh Ibrahim bhai paase known karaavi joiye ne ziyafat ni tareekh. Ek vaar toh em banu ke Ivan-e Husaini bhi booked hatu toh ziyafat Tambawala Hall ma thai. Aam banu shuru ma toh hamay fix kari didu ke Mazoon Maula na milad ni ziyafat Shabab aape ane biju koi nai. Ane Aqa Maula ye bhi misaal jaari kida potani sign saathe ke aa 4 tareekh (4th Muharram, 16th Muharram, Sayyedna Taher Saifuddin Aqa ni milad ane Sayyedi Mazoon Saheb ni milad) ni ziyafat Shabab aapse ane te bhi Ivan-e Husaini ma, toh Hall bhi aa 4 din ma koi bija ne nai malay. Aqa Maula ye farmaayu hatu aa misaal Anjumane Shiate Ali na office ma aapjo toh eh logo Hall ni booking na lai aa 4 din vaaste.

[Contributed by Abdealibhai Haji in Oct-Dec 2013]

by admin at June 07, 2014 01:07 PM

Shabab no control shehzadao ye lai lido

Pachhi jivaare Aqa Taher wafaat thaya toh Aqa Maula na farzando (Shehzada Qaidjohar bs Ezzuddin) Shabab ni acitivities ma involve thaava laaga ane saglu potana na haath ma lai lidu, ane Mazoon Maula ne sidetrack kari naakha. Te zamaan ma Mazoon Maula Queen Elizabeth cruise par padhaara thoda mahina vaaste toh Qasre Aali na sahebo Shabab no control karva laaga.

Mazoon Maula ye Shabab no letterhead noto banaayo kem ke pachhi letterhead koi na bhi paase jai ane kai bhi chhaapi le. Mazoon Maula jivaare aa safar par hata toh sahebo Aqa Maula ma si letterhead ni raza lai aava, Shabab na membero ye kidu bhi ke Mazoon Maula no opinion lai ne raza lete toh, Dawat no nizaam toh emmaj chhe ke je ehna za’eem hoi ehni raza pehla lai. Pun koi sunu nai.

Shuru na zamaan ma koi wajebaat araz na karay barabar si. Toh Shabab na members ghare ghar jai ne Sayyedna Taher Saifuddin Aqa ane Mohammed Burhanuddin Aqa na iftaar ni ziyafat na cards 5 rs. ma aapta ane kehta aa ziyafat ma aavi ne wajebaat araz kari jaajo. Ehni je last ziyafat hati ehma Shehzada Qaid Johar bs ne aa system ni khabar padi. Toh Abilfazal bs ne Aqa Maula ni baithak paase ubha kara ane kidu, tamay badha ne em poochhjo ‘tamay Shabab na member chho?’ Havay 114 thaal nu jaman ma 60 thaal na members hata ane bija cards si bulaaya hata. Toh ghana em kehta hamay Shabab ma nathi. Toh chelle sahebo ye akho fiasco kari ne Aqa Maula ne em araz kidi ke aa sagla misrepresent karay chhe, Shabab ni ziyafat bolay chhe, ane bija ne bhi bulaave chhe. Pun em na araz kidi ke ziyafat na sabab logo ne Aqa Maula na haath par wajebaat araz karta kari dida.

[Contributed by Abdealibhai Haji in Oct-Dec 2013]

by admin at June 07, 2014 01:05 PM

Shabab in Surat

Mazoon Moula started Shabab in Surat. Shabab took the initiative to organize all the major programs. Aap Moula ashara ma padhara to aap na jaman ni khidmat pun Shabab ye kidi. Pachhi next year it was decided that other organization other than Shabab will do this khidmat of jaman, Qadarbhaisaheb had come for Ashara. The jaman provided by other organization was so spicy and hot that he could not eat, so again Qadarbhaisaheb told daddy [Yusufbhai] that Shabab should do this khidmat.

Once Aqa Moula tus did safar of Ranala by road and Mazoon Moula also accompanied him. After Ranala there was a program to visit Ukai Dam, but Jamaat did not do any arrangements. Mazoon Moula ma araz thai, pote daddy ne farmaayu ke Shabab should do this khidmat and arrangements for Ukai visit. The program was organized, Aqa Moula tus Ukai padhaara and the officers welcomed him. Mazoon Moula on that occasion gave a speech. The officers granted permission to visit the restricted areas of the Dam, and Aqa Moula stayed there for one night. Jamaat members and other mumineen also came from Surat.
Shabab also gave ziyafat of Aqa Moula tus at Revolving Hotel. Aqa Moula tus prayed namaz in that hotel and also arranged for ‘ponk’ (a green jowar very famous in Surat during the winter) party at Rander. Another ziyafat was at Zaini Bungalow, and once at Badri Baug, Dumas. All this was done under the guidance and doa of Mazoon Moula tus.

[Written for Shk Yusufbhai Haidermota by his son on 4 Jan 2014]

by admin at June 07, 2014 01:02 PM

Zahabi credit society (bachat yojna)

Zahabi credit society na naam ni bachat sanstha shuru kidi Shabab na andar ke jema logo savings kare ane fixed amount of rupiya jama kare on a monthly basis, ane end of the year ehna akha paachha malay toh ehne savings dekhai ehni. Ane je jama thata hoi paisa round the year eh karzan bhi apai, je ne zarurat hoi, toh itni raqam idle na rahe. Aa society jivaare qayam thai toh society nu ek constitution draft karva ma aayu hatu. Constitution ma em lakhelu ke ‘interest free kaam thaase sagla.’ Aa constitution jivaare registrar paase lai gaya ehni sign leva ne toh registrar em kidu, ‘though it is against the law to grant permission to interest free societies I will sign it.’ Aa registrar Aligarh University na student hata jivaare ke Aqa Taher Aligarh University na Chancellor hata. Shabab na members ye aa bhai ne pachhi Rozat Tahera na iftetah ma invite kida, ke je 2 din pachhi hatu.

by admin at June 07, 2014 01:00 PM

Other programmes organised by Shabab

Shabab sports na ghana programmes organise karta. Burhani college ma bhi ghana programmes thaai. Qusai bs, Huzefa bs, Malik bs, Idris bs, ni shaadi ma Shabab ye ghani khidmat keedi. Shabab na 1000 members hazir thaya khidmat vaaste. 17 din lag jaman thaya ane all 17 jaman ma saglu Shabab ye manage kidu. Paan gulab ma chaos thayo pan ultimately Shabab ye barabar sambhali lidu. Shabab ane Bunaiyaat were the only sansthas operating then.

Syedna Taher Memorial trust ma funds nota toh Mazoon Maula TUS yeh funds jame’ keeda.

[Contributed by Munirabai Arsiwala, daughter of Shk. Ebrahimbhai Arsiwala in Oct 2013]

by admin at June 07, 2014 12:59 PM

April 15, 2013

Ali Ebrahim

ITS Broadcast App for Android and Privacy Implications

There is a lot of buzz about the new ITS Broadcast Android app, which upon debut has received hundreds of 5-star reviews. I don’t have an Android phone so I won’t comment on the app features or lack thereof, but from my understanding this is a tool that ITS wants to use to broadcast messages to its’ users.

ITS Broadcast is a messaging tool for ITS dept (E-Jamaat).
After installation you will have to provide ITS (E-Jamaat) ID and password to register.
This app can be configured only for Single ITS (E-Jamaat) ID.
Once registered future communication will be made by using this App.

Given that ITS already has a unique identifier for all users and a listed contact email, reviewing the app permissions with the above stated purpose in mind seems to raise some concerns. Importantly, the application asks for permission to Find Accounts on the Device:

Allows the app to get the list of accounts known by the tablet. This may include any accounts created by applications you have installed. Allows the app to get the list of accounts known by the phone. This may include any accounts created by applications you have installed.

Why does the ITS application need to know what other accounts its’ users have on their phones? Is it necessary for ITS to be able to know what Google, Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, Instagram, Flickr, and other accounts are active on your phone? How will ITS use this data?

Those are some questions to ponder before you go ahead and click the Install button…

by aebrahim at April 15, 2013 05:03 AM

October 10, 2012

Ali Ebrahim

Apple Maps Data Sources

The Apple Maps fiasco on iOS 6 needs no introduction, but it’s of interest to note that the data sources that Apple pulls map data from differ not only based on the location being viewed, but also based on where the user is viewing the data from (I don’t know how widely known this is). For example, when I’m in Hong Kong, I get data from an unknown source, but when I’m in China, I get data for the entire world provided by AutoNavi.

Ironically, the maps I get for Hong Kong are better when viewed from China than when viewed from Hong Kong itself!

Here are a few comparison shots (left side view from China/right side view from Hong Kong):

by aebrahim at October 10, 2012 10:04 AM

September 30, 2011

Ali Ebrahim

HK High Court rules that Domesic Helpers can gain PR

Hong Kong’s High Court has ruled that foreign domestic helpers can become Permanent Residents of Hong Kong, after staying here for 7 years. This, no doubt will be appealed to the Court of Final Appeal, and possibly even the National People’s Congress, thereby causing yet another constitutional crisis. However, I honestly can’t think of a better way for domestic helpers to shoot themselves in the foot.

The current pay for a domestic helper is HK$3740 per month, and the pay for someone earning the a minimum wage in Hong Kong would be much higher. Foreign domestic helpers are not entitled to a minimum wage. So lets say that one applies to become a permanent resident – they are immediately no longer employable as a foreign domestic helper and need to be paid minimum wage.

As an employer, would one pay them the significantly higher minimum wage, or would they just make such a person redundant and hire a fresh immigrant at the fixed foreign domestic helper contract rates? It’s a no brainer really, especially with the economy in free fall.

I think that domestic helpers will quickly understand that the economics of becoming permanent residents of Hong Kong simply don’t make sense, and excepting the handful who are qualified for other jobs, they would soon find themselves out of work with poor prospects.

Update: It has been pointed out to me (thanks, Taha) that live-in domestic workers are not covered by the minimum wage ordinance. This changes the situation quite significantly, in that there is no economic barrier to taking up PR.

However, I still think that the fearmongering that is being propagated here in Hong Kong is probably unwarranted. According to the current immigration system, there is no right for PRs to bring their family members to live in Hong Kong. I have been through the process three times, and I know from my own experience (and that of others) that in order to bring one’s dependents (including spouse), one needs to show sufficient income to support them, as well as having adequate housing in which the dependents can reside.

The vast majority of domestic helpers would be unable to satisfy those criteria.

Finally, for the avoidance of doubt, I will just mention that no foreign domestic helper will become a PR automatically. This is a status that must be obtained by making an application to do so, having satisfied the relevent criteria.

by aebrahim at September 30, 2011 04:41 AM

September 16, 2011

Ali Ebrahim

Hong Kong should explain the aim of National Education

In today’s South China Morning Post, my letter appeared, the text of which is reproduced below:

Explain aim of national education

With the heated debate regarding the government’s proposed national education curriculum, too many people are jumping to knee-jerk conclusions without really understanding what shape a national education programme might take.

Indeed, the government prematurely asks the public for feedback without explaining to the public what, in fact, national education means.

China, as one of the world’s oldest civilisations, has much to offer us from studying its history. A truly comprehensive national education curriculum would not only celebrate this history but also critically analyse it, offering students the opportunity to arrive at their own conclusions and affording them a forum to share these conclusions in a discussion-based setting.

If fostering patriotism is one of the goals of this curriculum, this should be applauded. However, let us be clear that true patriotism creates a desire for continuous review and improvement of governance.

The government must make clear its intentions.

Are we seeking to enrich the next generation and provide them with the necessary tools to become the leaders of tomorrow or is the administration acting on instructions to cultivate conformity in thinking?

The latter will inevitably lead to political regression and intellectual stagnation.

Ali Ebrahim, Mid-Levels

by aebrahim at September 16, 2011 05:06 AM

August 27, 2010

Ali Ebrahim

Crack down on telemarketers

In today’s South China Morning Post, a letter of mine appeared in the Letters section (page A12), the text of which is reproduced below (with some links added, for easy reference):

Crack down on telemarketers

Today, with so many different channels of communication, we are deluged with unwanted marketing. I wholeheartedly welcome the news that Hongkong Post is launching an opt-out sticker scheme for certain unaddressed circulars (“One way to stop some of that junk mail”, August 25).

However, the real menace is not mail, but telemarketing calls. Telemarketing is the most inconvenient type of marketing because it requires active participation by the receiver, at a time that is convenient to the caller. Why should the public be expected to adjust to the schedules of telemarketers who are selling a product that they most likely do not want or need – and one which they certainly did not solicit?

A few years ago the telecoms watchdog OFTA launched the “Do-not-call” register for pre-recorded messages. It is now high time that it extended this register to include non-recorded – that is, live – calls.

This is hardly a novel idea: do-not-call registers in other countries typically make no distinction between pre-recorded and live telemarketing calls.

This would cause a hue and cry from telemarketers, who would claim they provide a useful service that brings benefits to consumers. Yet that is nonsense; the only beneficiaries are the telemarketers themselves and the companies they represent.

The theft of property is an offence punishable by a prison sentence. I wonder if telemarketers could provide a convincing argument why we should tolerate the theft of our time.

Ali Ebrahim, Mid-Levels

For those who are interested, I’ve uploaded a scan of the relevant page.

by aebrahim at August 27, 2010 02:48 AM

August 26, 2010

Ali Ebrahim

Google Apps – Panacea or Headache?

The email on ebrahim.org is currently hosted on pair Networks, a great webhost, but one whose email solutions are lacking in flexibility. I want to move to a solution where I can sync Email/Contacts/Calendar over multiple devices, for a domain with 7 mailboxes.

I’m considering two options:

Rackspace
Pros: Has all the features I’d ever need, excellent support, even for small customers.
Cons: Relatively small quota, and completely out of budget (at least US$13/user/month), email migration into Rackspace is difficult for large datasets.

As Rackspace is out of budget, I didn’t really spend much time looking into it in too much detail.

Google Apps Premier
Pros: Within budget (US$50/user/year), wide ranging feature set.
Cons: Technical support lacking (mainly DIY), doesn’t care about small customers, only compatible with old software, and import into Google Apps is a nightmare scenario due to lack of compatibility of migration tools.

However, there are significant issues which block my migration to Google Apps at the moment, most of which are shocking, given Google’s desire to capture the enterprise messaging/collaboration market.

Let’s make a list of missing features:

  • Google Apps Sync does not support Outlook 2010
  • Google Apps Migration for Microsoft Outlook does not support Outlook 2010
  • Google Apps Migration for Microsoft Outlook does not support Windows 7
  • There is no supported way to import a mbox format mailbox into Google Apps (there is a workaround where you can use third-party software to import the mbox into Outlook, and then use the Google Apps Migration for Microsoft Outlook, but then the Google migration tool doesn’t support Windows 7 or Outlook 2010, so you’re back to square one)

Sales of Windows 7 began in October 2009, and Office 2010 was made available to volume licensing customers in April 2010. When everybody else already supports Windows 7/Outlook 2010, Google lags far behind and lose all credibility when they claim they are the best solution for enterprise customers.

Enterprise customers rely on predictability, but yet, when asked for a timeline for when the above configurations will be supported, Google replied “we do not have a release date as yet”.

I’m ready to spend money with Google, if only they’d deliver support for modern software. A year in the software world is an eternity, and for Google to not support Windows 7 is akin to a wannabe top-tier airport telling pilots to land using VFR because they’ve not installed an ILS yet.

by aebrahim at August 26, 2010 03:09 AM

July 05, 2010

Ali Ebrahim

What to do with an old laptop?

Пост доступен на русском языке via Восстановление на Softdroid: Как вернуть к работе старый ноутбук.

After five long years using my trusted (and now extremely out of date) laptop, I’ve finally moved along to something better.

Old Laptop

Dell Latitude D610, Intel Pentium-M 750 (1.86GHz), 2GB RAM, 60GB HDD (using Truecrypt software FDE), 14.1″ 1400×1050 LCD, Windows XP Professional 32-bit SP3.

New Laptop

Dell Latitude E6510, Intel Core i7-820QM (1.73GHz, with Turbo Boost to 3.06GHz), 8GB RAM, 250GB HDD (using Seagate hardware-based FDE), 15.6″ 1920×1080 LCD, built in 3G HSPA modem for use when travelling, backlit keyboard, Windows 7 Ultimate 64-bit.

Mini Review of Dell Latitude Series

I’m not one to replace my laptop hardware often, but it was time, as I had less than a month of my 5 year warranty remaining and I was out of hard disk space. Plus, the old laptop was breaking down a bit too often for my liking. Motherboard replaced 4 times, LCD replaced 3 times, keyboard replaced 2 times, and HDD replaced once. To Dell’s credit, they never made any fuss and always promptly sent out replacement parts without making me run irrelevant diagnostic tests, but it was all getting a bit too much. I think the main reason I had so many problems was the poor placement of the exhaust vent on the Latitude D-Series chassis, which was on the back and always blocked by the port replicator, causing constant overheating. I was happy to see that on the E-Series chassis, the exhaust vent has been moved to the side instead.

I have yet to try out all of the new features of my new laptop, but I will say that it’s Fast (with a capital F). Especially compared to what I was using before. The screen is amazing and the backlit keyboard is icing on the cake, because these days I use the computer with the lights off a lot, due to having small kids around. Not that I need to look at the keyboard whilst typing, but it’s still cool to have nonetheless.

A Dilemma

However, I now have an old laptop in working condition which is sitting idle, and I don’t know what to do with it. First, I considered repurposing it as a training computer for my 3 year old daughter and installing a netbook OS as those should in theory be pretty basic and easy to use.

First I tried Jolicloud (PreFinal release), a netbook OS that seems to be getting generally good reviews in the blogosphere. I tried the LiveCD and was disappointed to find that the Intel wifi card in my laptop did not work (nor was I able to find any information online about making it work). So I just gave it a look-through offline, enough to get a feel about what it offers.

Then I tried Ubuntu Netbook Edition (version 10.04), where the wifi did work on the LiveCD. Overall a pretty similar experience to Jolicloud, which was not a huge surprise given they share the same foundations. Jolicloud seemed to offer a better out of the box experience (rather it would have, had wifi been working), but Ubuntu’s UI polish was much better.

However, finally, both options seemed somewhat underwhelming and I kept on thinking to myself, “What if I just put XP back on this thing?” After all, XP is now almost a decade old, very stable due to years of bugfixes and patching, and pretty snappy too. Jolicloud and Ubuntu, as netbook-optimised OS’, stand out when dealing with real netbooks which have very limited vertical real estate. However, with 1050 pixels on the Y-axis, the appeal of screen real estate saving features was pretty minimal.

After all this, I also gave up on the idea about using my old laptop as a training machine for my daughter. Makes more sense just to use the home desktop with Windows 7 and a regular keyboard and mouse rather than using Windows XP with a relatively confusing trackpad.

I think most likely, I probably will install Windows XP on the old laptop. The alternatives are underwhelming. Though, I still have no idea what I’ll do with it.

by aebrahim at July 05, 2010 08:41 AM

May 12, 2010

Ali Ebrahim

What’s your PAN? Anybody can find out!

Glossary for non-Indian readers: PAN – Permanent Account Number

The geniuses at the Income Tax Department in India have set up a website called:

Know Your PAN

In reality, it should be called Know Anybody’s PAN because that’s what you’re able to do, as long as you know their last name and birthdate, neither of which anybody would consider a secret these days. You don’t even need to know the first or middle name, the website will give it to you.

I can’t fathom why anybody would think that this website is a good idea because it effectively facilitates identity fraud. Besides forgetting one’s own PAN, I cannot think of a single legitimate reason why anybody would need to use this website. And let’s be clear; allowing people to check their own PAN is not a good enough justification to make this information public.

There are plenty of illegitimate reasons why this website would be used. First and foremost would be identity fraud. Knowing someone’s PAN is crucial if you want to engage in fraudulent transactions on their behalf.

While the internet can be a useful tool, sometimes people need to think about why a tool is really necessary and think about the implications before putting it online.

However, I suppose in India, a country where privacy laws don’t exist, and the concept of personal privacy is alien, it should not come as a big surprise that the government itself is facilitating identity fraud.

Just to try out the system, you could look up one of many common Indian personalities’ names and dates of birth on Wikipedia and the website will give you their PAN.

Belorussian Translation provided by PC

by aebrahim at May 12, 2010 10:29 AM

January 28, 2010

Ali Ebrahim

UK Government says “No Evidence” IE is Less Secure

A couple days ago I had mentioned that Lord Avebury had asked the UK Government about their usage of IE. The UK Government has now answered and I am reproducing the full text of the question and answer below:

Asked by Lord Avebury

To ask Her Majesty’s Government what discussions they have had with the governments of France and Germany about security risks of using Internet Explorer; and whether they will encourage public sector users to use another web browser. [HL1420]

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office (Lord West of Spithead): UK government officials and subject matter experts are in regular contact with their counterparts in France, Germany and other countries on both a bilateral and multilateral basis to exchange technical information and opinions on many aspects of cyber security, including software vulnerabilities. For example, the UK’s Government Computer Emergency Response Team (GovCertUK) and Combined Security Incident Response Team (CSIRTUK) are members of the group of European Government CERTS (EGG), as are their French and German equivalents.

Complex software will always have vulnerabilities and motivated adversaries will always work to discover and take advantage of them. We take internet security very seriously and we have worked with Microsoft and other suppliers over many years to understand the security of the products used by HMG, including Internet Explorer. There is no evidence that moving from the latest fully patched versions of Internet Explorer to other browsers will make users more secure. Regular software patching and updating will help defend against the latest threats.

Microsoft issued a patch to fix the recent Internet Explorer vulnerability on 21 January. Prior to this, government departments had been issued with a GovCertUK alert on how to deal with this particular incident and to mitigate vulnerabilities in relation to particular versions of IE.

A government user, operating on government systems, such as the Government Secure Intranet (GSi), will benefit from additional security measures, unlikely to be available to the average home computer user. These include tools which actively monitor for evidence of any malicious attacks.

Source: Lords Hansard text for 26 Jan 2010

While the UK government contends that “there is no evidence that moving from the latest fully patched versions of Internet Explorer to other browsers will make users more secure”, there are many others who would disagree.

Also, although IE8 has significantly improved security models as compared to IE6 and IE7, there is still evidence that IE6 is being heavily used by UK government departments, including the armed forces. I think most people would agree that a “fully patched” IE6 is still relatively more vulnerable to attacks.

by aebrahim at January 28, 2010 04:00 AM

January 26, 2010

Ali Ebrahim

Lord Avebury asks UK Government to review use of IE in the Public Sector

Lord Avebury (blog, bio) has tabled a written question in the United Kingdom House of Lords yesterday, which reads as under:

Lord Avebury to ask Her Majesty’s Government whether, in the light of the recent announcement by Microsoft that Internet Explorer was used to carry out the cyber attacks which prompted Google to say it will withdraw from China, they will review the use of Internet Explorer throughout the public sector. HL1505

Source: House of Lords Business (26 January 2010) and Eric Avebury: Internet vulernability

Lord Avebury mentions that the Parliamentary IT authorities are actively discouraging the use of alternative browsers such as Chrome so it is great to see that he is holding the government accountable for their policies.

According to UK parliamentary procedure, the government is obliged to provide a written response to his question on or before 8 February 2010. I think it will be interesting to see what they have to say.

Lord Avebury is an active campaigner for the rights of ethnic minorities in the UK and also those who are British nationals living abroad. He is also a member of the EU Select Committee which considers EU policy on protecting Europe from large-scale cyber attacks.

by aebrahim at January 26, 2010 09:32 AM